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How Far Was Anglo – German Rivalry Responsible For The Outbreak of the First World War in 1914?

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How Far Was Anglo - German Rivalry Responsible For The Outbreak of the First World War in 1914? There are many different opinions and views on what caused the outbreak of the First World War and who was primarily to blame, but it cannot be doubted that the rivalry between Britain and Germany, two large world powers, was partially to blame. During the years prior to the war, there was a lot of tension between the two countries caused by a number of factors. In the years leading up to World War One, two alliances began to emerge - the Triple Alliance, consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy and the Triple Entente, consisting of Britain, France and Russia. This system of alliance systems led to each country being pulled into the war, partly due to their promise to support other countries. As can be seen, Britain and Germany were not in the same alliance and being the strongest power in each alliance, there was a great deal of rivalry between them. Also, because of the alliance system, Germany feared encirclement by France and Russian and this made them worry about what the Triple Entente was capable of. The alliances played a large role in building up Anglo-German rivalry, but they also led to a lot of other events, like the Morocco Crisis, which furthered the tension even more. ...read more.


This can be seen as both a cause and result of the Anglo-German rivalry. It also led to Britain joining the war, as they didn't want Germany to become to powerful and helping themselves to British colonies. Some historians argue that Anglo-German economic rivalry was also to blame for the outbreak of war, but others disagree, saying that with or without economic rivalry, war was still inevitable. It cannot be doubted that there was a certain degree of economic jealousy between Germany and Britain. There was a definite suspicion over the intents of the economic pursuits, which led to tension between the countries. This made the atmosphere worse, but is not a key issue, although it does contribute to the rivalry between Germany and Britain, which may have led to war. It can therefore be seen that there was a great deal of tension and rivalry between Germany and Britain. The humiliation of Germany during the Naval race and Morocco Crisis may have led to them wanted revenge to win back some of their lost pride, which is a possible explanation for their entrance into the war. Germany's desire to dominate the whole of Europe and become the major world power may have also led to the outbreak of World War One, as some believe that Britain joined to prevent Germany becoming too powerful. ...read more.


Whilst Franz Ferdinand was visiting the army, he was assassinated by Gavrillo Princip, a member of Young Bosnia, an organisation that wanted to throw off Austro - Hungarian rule and join Serbia. This was an opportunity for Austria - Hungary to declare war on Serbia. It was this declaration of war, which triggered off World War One. Russia said that they would support Serbia, leading to the Austro - Russian war. Germany had given Austria - Hungary a 'blank cheque', saying they would fully support them, which therefore meant that they had to fight with them. This in turn led to the Schlieffen plan being bought into action by Germany, and the invasion of Belgian neutrality, which led to Britain entering the war. So, the few bullets fired from Gavrillo Princip's gun, led to the outbreak of the First World War. All in all, it can be seen, that although Anglo - German rivalry did hold some responsibility for the outbreak of World War One, it is not solely to blame. Other factors, like Nationalism, the Arms Race and the events of 1914, hold just as much, and possibly more responsibility. Without the other factors, war would probably not have broken out, and if it did it would not have been on the global scale that it eventually was. ?? ?? ?? ?? Karianne Mathiesen ...read more.

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