• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Far Was Roosevelt Himself Responsible for his Election Victory in 1932?

Extracts from this document...


How Far Was Roosevelt Himself Responsible for his Election Victory in 1932? In the 1932 presidential election, Franklin Delano Roosevelt won by the biggest landslide victory in a record number of years - by 7 million votes. But he cannot be credited for all of the votes: I think that he was only responsible for his victory to a certain extent. People favoured his personality, his character, his campaign and definitely his policies. But many other people only voted for Roosevelt because of negative cohesion: they strongly disliked Hoover. So although a lot of people voted for Roosevelt because they liked him, a lot of people voted for him because they disliked Hoover. In 1932, in the aftermath of Wall Street Crash, the USA was left in a huge mess. The problems of America during the 1920s and 1930s contributed to Roosevelt's victory. Hoover, who had won the previous election, had failed to address these problems in a beneficial way, and therefore the Americans were apprehensive of voting him in for another term. Roosevelt's dynamic personality provided a fresh change for the American population - his attitude clashed significantly with the self-help and laissez-faire beliefs of Hoover. Many historians believe that it was more a case of the Republicans losing as oppose to the Democrats winning. ...read more.


The people had little faith in Hoover and his party, which explains why Roosevelt won by such a landslide victory. Not only had Hoover's measures failed to produce recovery, but the economy was sinking even further into depression. The people thought Hoover was a cold, heartless man. The Republicans were also seen as very unsympathetic - for example, the Bonus March. Thousands of servicemen who had fought in World War One peacefully asked for their war bonuses early. Hoover refused to meet them and sent General MacArthur to deal with the situation. MacArthur ordered the troops and police to use tear gas and to burn the marcher's camps. This definitely angered a lot of people and only brought down Hoover's reputation, and it only confirmed people's views that Hoover simply did not care. Roosevelt had a different attitude to Hoover, different policies and a different campaign, which eventually prompted the people to vote for him in 1932. His policies included state intervention, which happened to be exactly what the country needed at that stage. Roosevelt believed that the only way to come out of the depression was by the federal government helping the people. He promised a quick reaction ("this nation asks for action, and action now"). He also guaranteed government schemes to end unemployment, the revival of industries, relief for the poor, protection for workers etc. ...read more.


The people had faith that because he had successfully overcome serious complications which threatened his life, he was qualified to help America overcome their problems. His grand tour convinced many apprehensive voters that Roosevelt was the candidate worth voting for. Roosevelt especially appealed to the unemployed, homeless and poverty-stricken: he had assured them of quick, effective action. I think that a main factor involved in the victory of the Democrats was negative cohesion. A lot of people were indifferent about Roosevelt and his party, but they were so against Hoover and the Republicans that they voted for the Democrats. It could have even gone as far as people disliking both candidates, but disliking Hoover more. This was an important factor because it contributed to the biggest landslide victory in many, many years. So I think that Roosevelt himself was responsible for his election victory to a certain extent: when it came to his policies, campaign and character, the people vastly preferred Roosevelt to Hoover. However, Roosevelt wasn't responsible for a lot of votes he received: many people voted for him because they disliked Hoover (because of his lack of action following the Wall Street Crash), and not because they particularly liked Roosevelt. Some people associated Hoover with the Depression as well, and didn't want anything to do with him in the future. So although Roosevelt was voted for because people genuinely liked him, he was also voted for because people strongly disliked his opponent. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Policies to end the Depression: Hoover vs. Roosevelt

    This may have been due to strong advice from his cadre of advisors (collectively known as the 'Brain Trust'), which included some very bright young economists who were advocates of the 'Keynesian Theory' of government spending. They convinced Roosevelt that the government's main aim should be to pump money back

  2. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    This is contradicted by Source B�s punctual information. Source B states that schemes such as the CCC not only created millions of jobs for the unemployed but it also helped conserve several natural resources which were being destroyed. This scheme achieved its aim as it replanted "17 million acres of new forest and built over 6 million damns to stop erosion".

  1. To what extent did America roar in the 1920s?

    discrimination from not only the Klan, but also regular citizens who succumbed to peer pressure. One reason black people were targeted were because they were different and immigrants were also made to feel second-class to "proper Americans". In one way, immigration 'roared' for immigrants because they had the chance to live in the land of golden opportunities.

  2. Use Source A and your knowledge of the period to explain why people supported ...

    We can see that this cartoon is criticising the New Deal suggesting that the money poured into the economy is being wasted and is not being effectively and efficiently used. He is also proposing the idea that Roosevelt is putting a burden upon the taxpayer by putting such a high tax upon his back making it difficult for him.

  1. How successfully did Roosevelt Solve the Problems of the US in the 1930s?

    Next on the agenda was the countryside, to address the issue of agriculture the Agricultural adjustment Agency was created, this was meant to stop overproduction amongst farmers, the Farm Credit Administration meant that a fifth of Americas farmers were able to pay off their mortgage, other schemes for agriculture included

  2. (Q1) Describe some of the key features of Americn society in the 1920's?

    Items became cheaper than before and people brought less. America's economy looked very strong but there were many weaknesses lying beneath the economy. People thought that the boom would last forever but to their surprise it did not. In October 1929,the American boom came to a sudden end.

  1. How far was Roosevelt himself responsible for his election victory in 1932? Explain your ...

    none of them made a major effect and they came too late. The Depression caused the unemployment rate to increase many folds. In 1932, Cleveland, Ohio, unemployment reached 50%. Philadelphia City Council ran out of money and stopped giving aid to 50000 families.

  2. How far was Roosevelt himself responsible for his election victory in 1932?

    The political experience behind Roosevelt and his personality also made him appealing to a lot of people. People saw Roosevelt as a very energetic and warm-hearted man, as well as someone who took a general interest in their lives and welfare.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work