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How far was the collapse of the Weimar Republic inevitablein 1933?

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Introduction

Darren Harnett 12N How far was the collapse of the Weimar Republic inevitable in 1933? When the Kaiser fled Germany on the 9th November 1918 many parties emerged and a coalition government was formed. On the 19th January 1919 a national election was held and the coalition, consisting of the SPD, the DDP and the Centre party won the vote with 23.1million votes. When the war was ended, on November 11th 1918, three men were responsible for ending the war. These three men became known as the "November Criminals" and became very unpopular with the soldiers and anybody else who thought Germany shouldn't have been defeated. To end the war Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles. It was very harsh upon Germany and restricted its army and navy greatly and it took away much of Germany's territorial gains. However, the most humiliating thing was the war-guilt clause, article 231. The war-guilt clause meant that Germany accepted all responsibility for the war and damage caused during it. It also meant that Germany was forced to pay reparations to the allies. It wasn't until May of 1921 that reparations were announced, at 20,000billion marks. ...read more.

Middle

This did not help recover what had been lost by the people, but it was able to help industry back on its feet. He also attempted to reduce government spending to a minimum. However, his government only lasted until November 1923 when William Marx of the centre party replaced Stresemann. Stresemann was allowed to continue as Foreign Minister until 1929. In October 1923 Stresemann had to deal with an uprising from the KPD. This showed that there was much hostility towards the Weimar Republic but the Republic had dealt with the uprising before it had really taken off. In November 1923 was the Beer Hall Putsch, an attempted coup by the Nazi's. This showed more discontentment and more worrying was that it was an extremist party which were getting more and more popular at that time, backed up by the results of the May 1924 election as Nationalist and Communist parties gained support. Also in 1924 Stresemann persuaded the French, backed up by Belgium, to leave the Ruhr. Also he negotiated the Dawes Plan with America which allowed Germany to reschedule reparations upon what they could pay rather than being forced to pay back a certain amount at a certain time. ...read more.

Conclusion

Bruning was removed from office by Hindenburg and was replaced by Von Papen. This was the beginning of Hitler's rise to power as he persuaded Von Papen to lift the ban Bruning had imposed on the SA. Then Von Papen dissolved the Reichstag on the 4th of June 1932 after Hitler had made him think it was the right thing to do. By 1933 the fall of the Weimar Republic was obvious. The Republic's last leaders had done nothing to improve the effects of the Wall Street Crash upon Germany, like the rapidly increasing unemployment levels. The lack of action by the government led to extremist parties becoming very popular. The bad start the Weimar Republic made always meant that there would be many parties struggling for power. If there had been a strong Government to begin with, then there would have been no need for a Nazi party or any other extremists, as they would feel that they had no chance of gaining the votes to come to power. A famous quote by H. Holborn, about the period 1918 to 1933, was: "Normalcy was never quite achieved and even the period when it appeared close at hand proved only a brief interlude between the two disasters. ...read more.

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