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How far was the Kapp Putsch the major reason for instability between 1919 and September 1923?

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Introduction

´╗┐BIBLIOGRAPHY: -Germany 1918-45, Josh Brooman -A History of Germany 1825-1945, W. Carr. -Weimar and the Rise of Nazi Germany 1918-23, Geoff Layton -www.historylearningsite.co.uk/Weimar_germany.htm, Chris Trueman -The Forming of the Communist International, James W. Hulse -www.johndclare.co.uk/Weimar_revision.htm, John D Clare ________________ How far was the Kapp Putsch the major reason for instability between 1919 and September 1923? Between the years 1919 and 1923, Germany was faced with a series of major political and economic problems. It saw risings, such as the Kapp Putsch, the Spartacists, and the Red Army. It suffered major economic problems ? the inability to pay reparations, the Invasion of the Ruhr, hyperinflation. The government, too, was opposed by left and right, and found it difficult to gain support, or even form a majority-party government. Against this troubled backdrop, to declare the Kapp Putsch the sole ? or, even, the most major ? reason for Germany?s instability between 1919 and 1923 would be difficult, as it was, arguably, the one large factor ? the Treaty of Versailles and its terms ? and its several lesser products (the Kapp Putsch included) that as a whole contributed to Germany?s unstable situation between 1919, and 1923. The Kapp Putsch, of 1920, was an attempted military coup led by Wolfgang Kapp, a right-wing journalist, who wished to depose the new Weimar government and establish a constitutional monarchy[1] with the Kaiser once again in power. ...read more.

Middle

– and was thus also a contributor to the instability present between 1919 and 1923. However, also to be considered, is the fact that all of these risings and putsches occurred beneath the shadow of something much greater – the diktat, the schmachfrieden, the ‘shameful peace’[1] – despised by the right-wing, and unpopular with the German people and the left too– The Treaty of Versailles. Presented as a peace treaty to Germany in 1919, the Treaty of Versailles led to great political and economic instability, as the government was seen, by many, as having surrendered to the dictation of France, Britain and America. Forcing the huge submission of Germany's land, resources, and military capability, the Treaty certainly played an important role in causing the political and economic instability witnessed during 1919-23. Moreover, it was arguably the greatest reason for it. The Treaty demanded £6600million in reparations for the war, the disarmament of the German army – permitting only 100,000 soldiers, with no tanks, big guns, or aircraft. 13% of the land was also taken, 12% of the population, 15% of agricultural produce, and 48% and 15% of iron ore and coal production, respectively. The arrangement was thought of as a Diktat – a ‘dictated peace’ – and a Schmachfrieden – similar, only shameful too – and was unpopular amongst the German people. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also showed that Stresemann had been successful in taking Germany from the “loathed perpetrators” of World War One to a respected, stable nation) etc. if anything else ï * Conclude: Stresemann was successful. The real reasons for Germany’s collapse was the Wall Street Crash of 1929 (following his death(?) and the rise of the Nazis (who used the poverty and squalor brought forth by the Wall Street Crash and the fact that Germany had to pay a load of money to America. Thus a little product of the WSC) the WSC could not have been predicted at the time that Stresemann decided to borrow from America, as it was before the market started it’s ‘up-up-up’ gig, and also (apparently) after his death, and was not his fault. The threats of the left and right were omnipresent, but suppressible, he dealt with them, no putsch overthrew him (that just says it all, really.) * He was successful because – Germany’s economic state was stabilized, the extremist groups weren’t showing up all the time, Germany was accepted internationally, and was BASICALLY A FAR CRY FROM WHAT IT WAS BEFORE (hyperinflation, French in the ruhr, hyperinflation, reparations, no money, burning banknotes, nobody has a job etc) * YAY STRESEMANN (I hope that’s everything down) [1] Weimar and the Rise of Nazi Germany 1918-23, Geoff Layton [2] www.historylearningsite.co.uk/Weimar_germany.htm, Chris Trueman [3] Germany 1918-45, Josh Brooman [4] The Forming of the Communist International, James W. Hulse [5]www.johndclare.co.uk/Weimar_revision.htm, John D Clare ...read more.

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