• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far was the Kapp Putsch the major reason for instability between 1919 and September 1923?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐BIBLIOGRAPHY: -Germany 1918-45, Josh Brooman -A History of Germany 1825-1945, W. Carr. -Weimar and the Rise of Nazi Germany 1918-23, Geoff Layton -www.historylearningsite.co.uk/Weimar_germany.htm, Chris Trueman -The Forming of the Communist International, James W. Hulse -www.johndclare.co.uk/Weimar_revision.htm, John D Clare ________________ How far was the Kapp Putsch the major reason for instability between 1919 and September 1923? Between the years 1919 and 1923, Germany was faced with a series of major political and economic problems. It saw risings, such as the Kapp Putsch, the Spartacists, and the Red Army. It suffered major economic problems ? the inability to pay reparations, the Invasion of the Ruhr, hyperinflation. The government, too, was opposed by left and right, and found it difficult to gain support, or even form a majority-party government. Against this troubled backdrop, to declare the Kapp Putsch the sole ? or, even, the most major ? reason for Germany?s instability between 1919 and 1923 would be difficult, as it was, arguably, the one large factor ? the Treaty of Versailles and its terms ? and its several lesser products (the Kapp Putsch included) that as a whole contributed to Germany?s unstable situation between 1919, and 1923. The Kapp Putsch, of 1920, was an attempted military coup led by Wolfgang Kapp, a right-wing journalist, who wished to depose the new Weimar government and establish a constitutional monarchy[1] with the Kaiser once again in power. ...read more.


– and was thus also a contributor to the instability present between 1919 and 1923. However, also to be considered, is the fact that all of these risings and putsches occurred beneath the shadow of something much greater – the diktat, the schmachfrieden, the ‘shameful peace’[1] – despised by the right-wing, and unpopular with the German people and the left too– The Treaty of Versailles. Presented as a peace treaty to Germany in 1919, the Treaty of Versailles led to great political and economic instability, as the government was seen, by many, as having surrendered to the dictation of France, Britain and America. Forcing the huge submission of Germany's land, resources, and military capability, the Treaty certainly played an important role in causing the political and economic instability witnessed during 1919-23. Moreover, it was arguably the greatest reason for it. The Treaty demanded £6600million in reparations for the war, the disarmament of the German army – permitting only 100,000 soldiers, with no tanks, big guns, or aircraft. 13% of the land was also taken, 12% of the population, 15% of agricultural produce, and 48% and 15% of iron ore and coal production, respectively. The arrangement was thought of as a Diktat – a ‘dictated peace’ – and a Schmachfrieden – similar, only shameful too – and was unpopular amongst the German people. ...read more.


Also showed that Stresemann had been successful in taking Germany from the “loathed perpetrators” of World War One to a respected, stable nation) etc. if anything else ï * Conclude: Stresemann was successful. The real reasons for Germany’s collapse was the Wall Street Crash of 1929 (following his death(?) and the rise of the Nazis (who used the poverty and squalor brought forth by the Wall Street Crash and the fact that Germany had to pay a load of money to America. Thus a little product of the WSC) the WSC could not have been predicted at the time that Stresemann decided to borrow from America, as it was before the market started it’s ‘up-up-up’ gig, and also (apparently) after his death, and was not his fault. The threats of the left and right were omnipresent, but suppressible, he dealt with them, no putsch overthrew him (that just says it all, really.) * He was successful because – Germany’s economic state was stabilized, the extremist groups weren’t showing up all the time, Germany was accepted internationally, and was BASICALLY A FAR CRY FROM WHAT IT WAS BEFORE (hyperinflation, French in the ruhr, hyperinflation, reparations, no money, burning banknotes, nobody has a job etc) * YAY STRESEMANN (I hope that’s everything down) [1] Weimar and the Rise of Nazi Germany 1918-23, Geoff Layton [2] www.historylearningsite.co.uk/Weimar_germany.htm, Chris Trueman [3] Germany 1918-45, Josh Brooman [4] The Forming of the Communist International, James W. Hulse [5]www.johndclare.co.uk/Weimar_revision.htm, John D Clare ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    This completely halted the economy and the Kapp government had collapsed by March 17. Further pressure from the right came in 1923 with the Beer Hall Putsch, staged by Adolf Hitler in Munich. In 1920, the German Workers' Party had become the Nazi Party (NSDAP), and would become a driving force in the collapse of Weimar.

  2. The weak Weimar government was a major factor in Hitler rise to power, however ...

    They played an important role. They beat up the opposition, especially the communists, and smashed up their election meetings. This made it very difficult for the communists to run a free election campaign. Which was intended. Support for the Nazi party was due to the growing belief that it was

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    'Revolution' in Bavaria D Thomson "The meeting of the Weimar Assembly in February was accompanied by a period of civil war in Bavaria." In February 1919, elections were held for a new local government in Bavaria. The socialists were defeated overwhelmingly and their leader, Kurt Eisner, was assassinated.

  2. What were the main problems for the Weimar Republic 1918-23?

    there was more chaos brought to the republic as some strikes turned into industrial uprisings. The consequences of the Kapp Putsch failure brought more problems for Weimar in the shape of radical right wing terrorism, known as "White Terror". During 1921-22 Sir Walther Rathenau, Matthias Erzberger and Kurt Eisner were all murdered by right wing terrorists.

  1. The Italian Conquest of Abyssinia: How far was the LoN to blame?

    the LoN did not impose the oil bans on Italy for a number of reasons. Firstly, the fact that the league had such a bad reputation at the time meant that serious bans being put on Italy would have resulted in total blame on it if the consequences were outrageous.

  2. The Munich Putsch, November 1923 The Munich Putsch (arms revolt or coup) was an ...

    He joined the Nazi party and took part in the Munich beer Hall Putsch and after its failure he was briefly imprisoned. Upon his release he became a member of the SA and eventually became an important figure with a following of his own.

  1. Nazi Germany Revision 1918-45

    Government organized printing a money to pay the workers. Complete stoppage of industrial production in the Ruhr ? further worsened the already weak German economy. * Causes and effects of hyperinflation, 1923. Inflation had been a problem in Germany during and after the war. But in 1923 the situation became desperate.

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    2/3 was Protestant and 1/3 was Catholic. ? The Protestant Church was bigger than the Nazi party The Churches also hated the Communists ? Nazis shared the same Anti- Communist views Religion was seen as a distraction. People who believed in God were more likely to be distracted in worshipping the Fuhrer.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work