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How golden were the "Golden years"1924-29?

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Introduction

How golden were the "Golden years"1924-29? During the period of 1919-23 Germany faced many problems. There were challenges to take over the Weimar Republic from the extreme right and left. In January 1919 the Spartacists (communists-extreme left wing) attempted a revolution in Berlin. The provisional government had to use the army and the Freikorps to regain control and the leaders of the communist party, Karl Liebknecht and Roasa Luxemburg were killed. Following this in 1920 there was an attempt by the extreme right wing to seize power known as the Munich Putsch. The Putsch was badly organised and was soon brought to an end by a general strike in Berlin. Germany faced severe economic problems after the war with high unemployment and high inflation. The unexpectedly high reparations bill in 1921 made matters worse. In 1923 it defaulted on its reparation payments and as a consequence of this France occupied the Ruhr. By November 1923 hyperinflation left the mark worthless. In some ways I agree with this statement because Stresemann (chancellor) defused the situation by introducing a new currency in 1924 called the Retenmark. He also scaled down the monthly reparations bill by introducing firstly the Dawe's plan and secondly the Young plan to make the payments more manageable. ...read more.

Middle

In some ways I agree with this statement because this period was politically stable. There was growth in democratic parties and a drop in extremist support. For example in 1928 the Nazi Party (extreme right wing) gained only 2.6% of the votes. During this period there were no attempted coups/ Putsches and the coalition governments were lasting a lot longer. For example in........................................................................ I conclude that during this period the growth in Democratic Party's was a very positive image for the Weimar Republic and was the most golden in my opinion. In other ways I disagree with this statement because the extremist parties were always still lurking in the shadows and there was always potential for them to gain votes. For example the nationalist party led by press baron Hindenburg after 1928, was strongly anti-Weimar. Hindenburg was much respected as a so called war hero by the German people. This in my opinion didn't make the period entirely politically golden. Weimar lacked a charismatic leader and there was always potential for voters turning to totalitarian parties. The Dawes plan wasn't entirely popular because 1 in 5 was against it which could have had an effect on the proportional representation. This wasn't golden for the Weimar republic. There were some worrying features on the political scene. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example cinema, poetry, music, paintings, literature, and architecture- Bauhaus buildings. This was due to new technology and the new democracy in Germany allowing art to be accessible to masses of people. This supposed to be seen as a representation of democracy. I conclude this on the surface seemed golden and nice. In other ways I disagree with this statement because only a minority supported the changes. For example the Elites and other extreme right wing groups didn't like the changes because they thought it was too democratic. Also I think the right wing thought there position was under mined. The majority of German people thought it was un- German and it added to the feeling that the reforms were influenced by outsiders. The majority of the German people thought the new reforms in culture were un- patriotic (not what their country stood for). They also thought the new cultural reforms brought about loose morality, for example smutty mud wrestle ling. I conclude for the ordinary German there was too much change that had happened already and was too much for the German's to cope with. I conclude that culture in Weimar Germany was not golden because it failed to gain votes for the Weimar Republic. Conclusion- I conclude that the period called the "golden years" is deceiving because although on the surface everything seemed to be going well, the back bones of the problems in Germany still remained strong. ...read more.

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