• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Has The I.R.A. Attempted To Re-unite Eire And Northern Ireland Since 1972?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Has The I.R.A. Attempted To Re-unite Eire And Northern Ireland Since 1972? During 1969 the IRA changed its tactics, from just using violence to a combination of three methods to get total independence from Ireland. These methods were; violence (terrorism), publicity (strikes and protests), and, politics. In this essay I will explain why the IRA changed their methods at this time. In 1969 British troops were sent into Northern Ireland to try and restore peace and order, after the violent events of the same year. The troops failed and withdrew. Although the IRA has tried to re-unite Ireland since 1972, this year contained many high profile violent events. One such instance was on 30 January 1972, in Derry, when British troops shot 13 innocent and unarmed men in the back. This became major news and is still seen as a major event in Irish history. At the time the Catholics were outraged and the IRA increased its bombing. ...read more.

Middle

This change in policy angered the prisoners who, to get publicity, went on strike. They refused to wear the prison clothes and wore nothing, except for their blankets from their cells. This was known as the blanket protest. It gave the protestors publicity for a while, but was not enough to make the government change their policies. It lasted for a total of 3 years. This led to the prisoners to start another protest, the Dirty Protest. During this protest the prisoners covered the walls of their cells in excrement. This shocked many people and gained lots of publicity for the IRA. Most of the public could not believe the poor conditions the prisoners put themselves in, and the humanitarian issues suffered. The British Government were still not willing to admit defeat and give into the prisoners demands. The prisoners then used the last resort, hunger strikes. These hunger strikes were carried out in two phases. The first hunger strikes lasted for 53 days, in which time most of the strikers became very weak, and lost their sight and hearing. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sinn Fein was not very successful in its early stages and gained few votes. After the IRA experienced some problems, such as IRA members being shot dead by the SAS, Sinn Fein looked at more peaceful methods of trying to get their wants. Adams tried working together with other politicians and held talks, which made very slow and unsteady progress. At this time the peace process has been making steady progression and cease-fires have put into place. The decommissioning of arms has also started. To get to this position three methods have been used; violence, publicity, and (increasingly) politics. By using all of these methods the IRA, and their political arm Sinn Fein, have gained maximum support. Not only have they got the support of the original nationalists who were for violent attacks, they have also gained the support of other Catholics who like the peaceful methods used. The aspect of publicity has got the IRA and Sinn Fein attention from the 'outside' world, and brought more support and funding. Simon Owen How Has The I.R.A. Attempted To Re-unite Eire And Northern Ireland Since 1972? Pg. 1/3 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Northern Ireland Essay

    The Irish republic agreed to end its claim to Northern Ireland when the Agreement was made. Other parts of it were that the policing system was reviewed and had to be anti-biased, and the British Government promised release for the paramilitary prisoners.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    Because they blew up 11 innocent Protestant civilians in probably the most sacred day of their year commemorating their war dead. So, what it demonstrated to begin with was a total insensitivity of Protestant peoples. Secondly, they tried to claim that this was something which actually had been created by the British.

  1. Conflict in Northern Ireland: A Background Essay

    Since the introduction of direct rule from Westminster in 1972 there have been six attempts to reach a political accord. All have failed. 1973-74: The power-sharing Executive, which lasted for three months, remains Northern Ireland's only experience of a government shared by Catholics and Protestants.

  2. With What Success Has The British Government Tried To Deal With The Irish Troubles ...

    When the news of Bobby Sands reached the outside world they replied to it by electing him MP of Fermanagh in 1981, however he couldn't be MP from prison but the gesture helped the propaganda. Margret Thatcher was put in a very difficult position as she was seen to have

  1. How far are the tensions in Northern Ireland due the events f 30th January ...

    The Great Famine caused reason for the people of Ireland, mostly Catholics, to promote hatred against the British. This was another reason for argument between the Catholics and the Protestants as from the Unionist link to Britain. The tension was raised during the 17th and 18th Centuries because of the rising conflicts between the two groups.

  2. Assess the extent to which the Northern Ireland Government was willing and able to ...

    These functions can be referred to as the 'excepted', 'transferred' and 'reserved' powers. According to the Northern Ireland government website these can be referred to as 'excepted and reserved matters: the Secretary of the State for Northern Ireland remains responsible for Northern Ireland Office matters not devolved to the Assembly.

  1. "Since 1972 the British Government has tried a number of solutions to the crisis ...

    The Protestants also weren't happy with the introduction, as it meant the Catholics would get more power in an attempt by the Government to instigate peace.

  2. The Development of the IRA with special regard to the fate of Bobby Sands

    Furthermore, most of them had badly-paid jobs and access to academic education was difficult. Thus poverty among Catholics was very high and the housing situation very bad: In a description of his childhood memories of the 1950's and 60's

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work