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How Has The I.R.A. Attempted To Re-unite Eire And Northern Ireland Since 1972?

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How Has The I.R.A. Attempted To Re-unite Eire And Northern Ireland Since 1972? During 1969 the IRA changed its tactics, from just using violence to a combination of three methods to get total independence from Ireland. These methods were; violence (terrorism), publicity (strikes and protests), and, politics. In this essay I will explain why the IRA changed their methods at this time. In 1969 British troops were sent into Northern Ireland to try and restore peace and order, after the violent events of the same year. The troops failed and withdrew. Although the IRA has tried to re-unite Ireland since 1972, this year contained many high profile violent events. One such instance was on 30 January 1972, in Derry, when British troops shot 13 innocent and unarmed men in the back. This became major news and is still seen as a major event in Irish history. At the time the Catholics were outraged and the IRA increased its bombing. ...read more.


This change in policy angered the prisoners who, to get publicity, went on strike. They refused to wear the prison clothes and wore nothing, except for their blankets from their cells. This was known as the blanket protest. It gave the protestors publicity for a while, but was not enough to make the government change their policies. It lasted for a total of 3 years. This led to the prisoners to start another protest, the Dirty Protest. During this protest the prisoners covered the walls of their cells in excrement. This shocked many people and gained lots of publicity for the IRA. Most of the public could not believe the poor conditions the prisoners put themselves in, and the humanitarian issues suffered. The British Government were still not willing to admit defeat and give into the prisoners demands. The prisoners then used the last resort, hunger strikes. These hunger strikes were carried out in two phases. The first hunger strikes lasted for 53 days, in which time most of the strikers became very weak, and lost their sight and hearing. ...read more.


Sinn Fein was not very successful in its early stages and gained few votes. After the IRA experienced some problems, such as IRA members being shot dead by the SAS, Sinn Fein looked at more peaceful methods of trying to get their wants. Adams tried working together with other politicians and held talks, which made very slow and unsteady progress. At this time the peace process has been making steady progression and cease-fires have put into place. The decommissioning of arms has also started. To get to this position three methods have been used; violence, publicity, and (increasingly) politics. By using all of these methods the IRA, and their political arm Sinn Fein, have gained maximum support. Not only have they got the support of the original nationalists who were for violent attacks, they have also gained the support of other Catholics who like the peaceful methods used. The aspect of publicity has got the IRA and Sinn Fein attention from the 'outside' world, and brought more support and funding. Simon Owen How Has The I.R.A. Attempted To Re-unite Eire And Northern Ireland Since 1972? Pg. 1/3 ...read more.

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