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How has the introduction of new technology affected workers throughout the 20th century?

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Introduction

History How has the introduction of new technology affected workers throughout the 20th century? The introduction of new technology has affected the workers throughout the 20th century in various ways, for example in dock work in the 1900's work was hard manual labour for the workers when they were loading very heavy items on the ships, but now it mainly involves machinery, like cranes etc etc so it has made the workers jobs alot easier, another example is in car production in the 1900's they only built a few hundred cars a year, but when new technology was introduced e.g. assembly lines the workers were producing thousands of cars. So once again technology has made the workers jobs easier. Another 2 examples are ship building and shop work. Ship building has been changed because in the 1900's people were building the ships by hand and it was a very skilled job, but now it is mainly machinery used to build the ships so the job isnt as skilled anymore, and with ...read more.

Middle

Car Production At the start of the 20th century cars were made by hand and it was 4 people to a car, this meant that making cars took a very long time (only roughy 100 cars a year). But towards the end of the century car production has become very computerised and mechanised for example instead of the workers woring on assembly lines, there are robot arms being used meaning less and less workers are needed for the job. In the 1900's to build cars faster Taylorism was introduced, but then Henry Ford decided to improve this method by creating the assembly line, which is when you have 1 worker doing 1 specific job e.g. putting screws in. The new technology has greated affected the workers in car production because the job has become less skilled becuase it is robots that are doing all of the work. Ship Building At the start of the 20th century ship building would have been a very skilled job, because workers had different jobs to do e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

Todays shop work is very different as the social and skill work has completely gone as you dont have to cut anything as they are packaged already and you dont need to be good at calculations as you can just add everything up at the till by uesing the barcodes. There have been new technology introduced in shops such as tills and barcodes these have both been introduced so that the till worker can serve more people. Also working hours today have been made longer as the workers in the 1900's did not need to work on a sunday whereas supermarkets today are open on a sunday. So in conclusion technology has greatly affected the workers because most of the jobs have become less skilled, and the workers do not have to do much anymore for example in car production, because robotic arms are doing the majority of the work instead of the workers, so technology has affected the workers by making the jobs less skilled. ...read more.

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