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How important a reason for the outbreak of revolution in 1917 was Russias involvement in the First World War?

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Introduction

How important a reason for the outbreak of revolution in 1917 was Russia's involvement in the First World War? This question focuses on the factors which led Russia to a revolution in 1917 and the significance as World War 1 as a reason. There were several factors which can be categorised into long term, medium and short term or 'trigger' factors. The long term factors which caused the revolution included, the non-popular support of the Tsar meant that an anti-Tsarist attitude shared by most of the population of Russia. ...read more.

Middle

The most important long term factor for the 1917 revolution was the large anti-Tsarist attitude amongst all of the groups in Russia. The middle class, peasantry and urban working classes all had reasons for wanting rid of the Tsar. The middle class believed that there should be a genuine system of constitution government and the Tsarist war effort was poorly managed. The peasantry wanted a change as they wanted a greater respect for their freedoms and liberties. They also went on to complain about the conscription to the army when 14million were called up. ...read more.

Conclusion

The army had poor training, equipment and munitions. Russia also found it hard to transport the supplies around to the widely spread war. The Russian army also incurred large casualties including by early 1917 1.6m dead, 3.9m wounded and 2.4m captured as prisoners of war. Also the withdrawal of the army led to millions of refugees. There were also specific incidents within the war including the Brusilov offensive which cost 1m lives. Overall, there were many aspects to Russia's involvement in the war which could have caused a revolution. The next most important medium term factor which contributed to the Russian Revolution in 1917 was the economic state of the country and food issues. Tom Hartrick 18/11/2007 ...read more.

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