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How important is Dover Castle's location? Also take into account its many geographical and geopolitical factors.

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´╗┐Reece Buckle The site of which Dover Castle is built upon, may have been founded and slightly fortified in the Iron ages, even before the Romans first invaded Britain in AD43. However it wasn't until Henry II, in the 12th century first took an interest to Dover Castle's geographical location, that it could be recognised as a potential frontier Castle. Dover Castle is often described as the 'key to England', which in my opinion highlights Dover?s strategic geopolitical importance. This Castle is the first line defence and entrance to London, by both sea and land. And shows some perspective of how important Dover Castle must have been. This Castle was also vital for protecting the capital of England, heart of the British Empire. ...read more.


This supports its medieval use of canons and mortars, all the way up too WW2 later on. Source 5 reinforces this idea of Dover Castle being continuously active. It shows Dover Castle?s tunnels acting as a suitable headquarters for ATS Girls 'plotting enemy ship movements' during WW2. Furthermore, making Dover Castle atypical compared to other castles. Henry II in the 12th Century fortified Dover Castle with inner and outer bailies. Perhaps he saw this location to be a successful future trading route. Or even to act as a frontier Castle/first line defence from neighbouring countries such as France. Its strategic geographical position makes it incredibly hard for enemy ships to land. ...read more.


However, the harbour and the cliffs of the bay were now safeguarded by 'new bulwarks', showing that the harbour could be of some use. Also supporting the idea of trade and communication, as well as its defence, and linking to the idea of factors for change "The offensive potentiality of the Castle" In conclusion, of all the factors which play a role, the most important one would probably be its proximity to the coast and neighbouring countries. Other factors, such as its chalk geology do support its continual use, and geographical placement. However, I personally think its Dover Castle?s proximity to the coast which is the most important. It feeds all other factors as well, such as trade, defence and travel. ...read more.

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