• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was natural, rather than supernatural, medicine in the treatment of disease in the Ancient World (10,000BC AD500)?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

HOW IMPORTANT WAS NATURAL, RATHER THAN SUPERNATURAL, MEDICINE IN THE TREATMENT OF DISEASE IN THE ANCIENT WORLD (10,000BC - AD500)? USING SOURCES A-E AND MY OWN KNOWLEDGE. BY VICTORIA HENDRY YB10 Introduction In this essay I will explain the natural and supernatural treatments they used to treat disease in each period of the Ancient World that included Prehistory, the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. I will also say which period had the biggest discovery, which helped the progress of medicine and which period, had the biggest discovery that hindered the development of medicine. The first use of natural treatments came from the prehistoric Britons, from living strenuous lifestyles by carrying wood and climbing trees This wore away their bones and today is known as osteoporosis, they didn't have any dental or mouth problems as they had less sugar in their diet than we do today but they did have sugar from the fruit they ate but skeletons have found out that they suffered from decay. They used herbal remedies made from plants and herbs but they also used mud, paper bark, clay and animals skin to treat cuts and broken bones. ...read more.

Middle

This was mainly based on natural and supernatural treatments because this process used salt, oil and chemicals to preserve the body when they believed they lived again in the afterlife. The other supernatural treatment they couldn't use was learn more about the body because they weren't able to dissect the organ and learned more about its function, as they thought it would be against the gods and they then wouldn't be able to live again in the afterlife. The third use of natural treatments came from the Ancient Greeks, as they found out that an illness could come naturally and one massive Greek philosopher Hippocrates developed his theory called The Theory of the Four Humours. This was an idea that was based on the seasons, the four elements, (air, fire, water and Earth) and when there was an imbalance or too much of one of the humours that included - blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm, the person would become ill. They also used other treatments, which included bleeding which would let out the excess blood, purging the body that would encourage the patient to vomit and would get rid of the excess black and yellow bile. ...read more.

Conclusion

He gained experience as he worked as a surgeon in Gladiator school and as a doctor to the Roman Emperor, he was able to dissect organs and he also dissected a pig to show doctors how nerves work by cutting the nerve in the throat to stop the pig from squealing. He discovered the brain controlled speech and the body and his medical ideas provided a framework for doctors for 1,500 years after he died. Conclusion From all this evidence the biggest discovery in medicine from the Ancient World that made the biggest progress was Galen realising that the brain and nerves controlled organs and the body. Also the Romans hygiene and public health solutions are still used today and helps prevent illness and horrible diseases. The discovery from the Ancient World that had the biggest regress was Hippocrates' many developments in the Greek Period as it stopped medicine from progressing for 2,000 years and this meant doctors didn't discover new ideas and develop his theories. This was a little bit of progress because his ideas were written in 60 books and provided as a support for doctors for 1,500 years. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Who made the more important contribution to the development of medicine, the Greeks or ...

    The government provided the army with the best medical care and hospitals as because they depended on the army to control the empire. This shows how important the army was for the Romans and how much they respected them by providing them with best medical care.

  2. Natural and supernatural approaches towards medicine through time

    The River Nile and farming showed a lot of natural thinking as the Egyptians referred to the rivers as their bodies. This may not always have been correct but people were beginning to show that they understand medicine better than they used to before.

  1. Cats in Ancient Egypt

    Many ostraca and papyrus found in the Ramesside period of the New Kingdom had comical drawings of mouse chases. The idea of the existence of cat and mouse folktales and fables in Ancient Egypt is hinted at by these drawings.

  2. Consider the treatment of history in Julian Barnes's A History of The World in ...

    Barnes describes in detail what Gericault decided not to paint. He describes how Gericault sacrificed truth and accuracy in favour of higher truths of art. Through this Barnes shows that artistic representations of the past go beyond supposedly objective documentary.

  1. How important was chariot racing for the Romans?

    100 years, if this does not show you chariot racing was important to them I don't know what will. We can see that chariot racing had a large amount of supporters easily by just the sheer capacity that the Romans made the Circus Maximus (250000 people).

  2. From a close study of E.M.Forster's "A Passage to India" and Julian Barnes' "A ...

    art criticism, historical narrative, science fiction, epistolary fiction, he distorts meanings and offers versions to your thought. Like Forster, Barnes offers symbols and recurring motifs as links. The ark and the cruise ship both contain the issue of clean and unclean.

  1. WHY HAS TERRORISM BECOME SUCH AN IMPORTANT ISSUE OVER THE LAST 40 YEARS?

    One of the main reasons why people join al-Qaeda is to fight America and other western governments who are seen as invaders or aggressors against Muslim lands and their populations.

  2. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    a healthy body? ? it would satisfy the people People had good engineering and building skills (I.e. building 14 aqueducts) They wanted to make a statement about the power and size of Rome They knew about a link between dirt and disease Claudius Galen:[m] 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work