• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was natural, rather than supernatural, medicine in the treatment of disease in the Ancient World (10,000BC AD500)?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

HOW IMPORTANT WAS NATURAL, RATHER THAN SUPERNATURAL, MEDICINE IN THE TREATMENT OF DISEASE IN THE ANCIENT WORLD (10,000BC - AD500)? USING SOURCES A-E AND MY OWN KNOWLEDGE. BY VICTORIA HENDRY YB10 Introduction In this essay I will explain the natural and supernatural treatments they used to treat disease in each period of the Ancient World that included Prehistory, the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. I will also say which period had the biggest discovery, which helped the progress of medicine and which period, had the biggest discovery that hindered the development of medicine. The first use of natural treatments came from the prehistoric Britons, from living strenuous lifestyles by carrying wood and climbing trees This wore away their bones and today is known as osteoporosis, they didn't have any dental or mouth problems as they had less sugar in their diet than we do today but they did have sugar from the fruit they ate but skeletons have found out that they suffered from decay. They used herbal remedies made from plants and herbs but they also used mud, paper bark, clay and animals skin to treat cuts and broken bones. ...read more.

Middle

This was mainly based on natural and supernatural treatments because this process used salt, oil and chemicals to preserve the body when they believed they lived again in the afterlife. The other supernatural treatment they couldn't use was learn more about the body because they weren't able to dissect the organ and learned more about its function, as they thought it would be against the gods and they then wouldn't be able to live again in the afterlife. The third use of natural treatments came from the Ancient Greeks, as they found out that an illness could come naturally and one massive Greek philosopher Hippocrates developed his theory called The Theory of the Four Humours. This was an idea that was based on the seasons, the four elements, (air, fire, water and Earth) and when there was an imbalance or too much of one of the humours that included - blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm, the person would become ill. They also used other treatments, which included bleeding which would let out the excess blood, purging the body that would encourage the patient to vomit and would get rid of the excess black and yellow bile. ...read more.

Conclusion

He gained experience as he worked as a surgeon in Gladiator school and as a doctor to the Roman Emperor, he was able to dissect organs and he also dissected a pig to show doctors how nerves work by cutting the nerve in the throat to stop the pig from squealing. He discovered the brain controlled speech and the body and his medical ideas provided a framework for doctors for 1,500 years after he died. Conclusion From all this evidence the biggest discovery in medicine from the Ancient World that made the biggest progress was Galen realising that the brain and nerves controlled organs and the body. Also the Romans hygiene and public health solutions are still used today and helps prevent illness and horrible diseases. The discovery from the Ancient World that had the biggest regress was Hippocrates' many developments in the Greek Period as it stopped medicine from progressing for 2,000 years and this meant doctors didn't discover new ideas and develop his theories. This was a little bit of progress because his ideas were written in 60 books and provided as a support for doctors for 1,500 years. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Who made the more important contribution to the development of medicine, the Greeks or ...

    The government provided the army with the best medical care and hospitals as because they depended on the army to control the empire. This shows how important the army was for the Romans and how much they respected them by providing them with best medical care.

  2. Natural and supernatural approaches towards medicine through time

    The River Nile and farming showed a lot of natural thinking as the Egyptians referred to the rivers as their bodies. This may not always have been correct but people were beginning to show that they understand medicine better than they used to before.

  1. Theories of Illness and Medicine in Ancient History

    Medicines were given to unblock these channels e.g. substances to make the patient sick or go to the toilet. Herbs and plants which could deal with everyday problems such as stomach upsets, burns and sprains were discovered and knowledge was passed down to others after a system of writing had developed.

  2. Women in Ancient Rome

    Augustus (emperor from 27BC to AD 14) stated that a freeborn woman with three children need not have a guardian, men must have though those women who had given birth to three children deserved to be taken seriously! Augustus admired large families and even rewarded women with larger families.

  1. Titus Salt and Saltaire.

    Over they years Saltaire has changed a great deal. It has moved on with the rest of the world. Although it is still a relatively quiet little village. There are now pubs and other shops that weren't allowed back then, but since Titus' death in December 1876, things have changed, and different people took over the running of the village.

  2. WHY HAS TERRORISM BECOME SUCH AN IMPORTANT ISSUE OVER THE LAST 40 YEARS?

    One of the main reasons why people join al-Qaeda is to fight America and other western governments who are seen as invaders or aggressors against Muslim lands and their populations.

  1. Roman medicine was the same as Greek medicine; do you agree?

    which show that they share medical knowledge on how to treat infection and diseases without having to enter surgery, in the case of the Romans. The Greeks didn?t really execute any surgery, with the exceptions of amputations and the draining of the lungs (which was one of few internal surgical operations).

  2. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    They built Roman Public Baths: this helped people be clean ? links to the ?Healthy mind is healthy body? idea which the Romans had 1. They built Military hospitals: had extremely good hygiene to keep the army fit and healthy Why did the Romans build such good Public Health facilities[l]:

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work