• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was the impact of mass unemployment in the years 1929-1933 in bringing about the collapse of the Weimar republic?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Louise Chilton How important was the impact of mass unemployment in the years 1929-1933 in bringing about the collapse of the Weimar republic? There are many arguments to exactly why the Weimar republic collapsed and the Nazi's took over as leaders of the Third Reich. Yet essentially, The Weimar Republic had suffered from three major problems: a systemic political crisis, with the break up of several coalition governments, a sense of national humiliation associated with the Republic due to the loss of the World War I, which had left Germany with many economic, social, and political problems. In addition to enduring high inflation and a large national debt, Germans were deeply embittered by the harsh terms of the Versailles Treaty, signed in June 1919, which formally ended the war. The treaty called for German disarmament and huge reparation payments to the Allies. Unable to meet the payments, Germany's currency collapsed and the German people suffered large financial losses and grave economic crises. Worsened by the Wall Street Crash of October 1929. The Crash had a devastating impact on the American economy but because America had propped up the Weimar Republic with huge loans in 1924 (the Dawes Plan) ...read more.

Middle

Both parties were opposed to the democratic system and used violence against their political opponents. From the start, the Weimar republic's democratic system lacked legitimacy, having been partly imposed by the Allies on Germany as the price for an armistice, which failed to establish political stability. Between 1918 and 1923, a period of semi-civil war polarized opinion and exacerbated existing political divisions pre-dating World War I. An extreme form of proportional representation encouraged political fragmentation, complicating the formation of stable coalition governments; there were 16 different governments between 1919 and 1930. In 1929, Germany was ruled by a grand coalition stretching from the Social Democrats to the Peoples Party and the Social Democrat Muller was Chancellor. Unemployment continued to rise and the unemployment insurance was in heavy deficit. The Social Democrats wanted to increase employer's contributions while the People's Party wanted to cut benefits. Again, there was rivalry between the coalition government and the situation became even more strained. Yet in 1930, rising unemployment put the unemployment insurance into greater crisis. Meyer of the Democrats and Bruning of the Centre Party propose a new compromise. ...read more.

Conclusion

Communist support continued to rise and this worried many industrialists. Von Schleicher replaced Von Papen as chancellor. Von Papen immediately began to plot against von Schleicher and met Hitler. They agreed that Hitler would become the chancellor of a government made up mainly of von Papen's supporters. Hindenburg, who disliked Hitler, was persuaded to appoint him chancellor on the 30th of January. The Weimar Republic was dead. Obviously, the republic was in turmoil. As already mentioned many German citizens had lost their life savings and unemployment was on the up. The inability to pay workers meant their industry collapsed and the economic depression worsened. The combination of national depression and war guilt meant that German citizens began to look elsewhere for leadership, which had detrimental effects on the republic. It was against this background of political and economic crisis that the NSDAP achieved its breakthrough between 1930 and 1933. So although the Weimar republic already had numerous cracks in its system it was in effect the loss of faith by the German people who had been embittered by the depression that lead to the results, which disempowered the Weimar government, and lead to The Nazi party becoming truly established in Germany. (1153 words) ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Was the collapse of the Weimar Republic inevitable?

    Schleicher saw the collapse of democracy as a chance for a "Conservative revolution". He therefore tried to place people who were not pro-Weimar into the job of Chancellor. His first choice was Bruning, who was a WW1 frontline general, and had authoritarian political leanings.

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    The communists wanted nationalisation to take place (i.e. factories, businesses and land to be owned by workers), they wanted workers to be more in control of their lives by means of locally elected councils (soviets), they wanted the army to be replaced with a Citizen's Militia, and they wanted to prevent the middle class from exploiting the working class.

  1. The collapse of the Weimar republic.

    One economist, Holtfrerich claims that there were other policies which would have improved the situation. On the other hand, recent research has shown that his latitude should not be overestimated, as maintained by Borchardt, that Bruning had no real choice in his economic policy and that there was no feasible alternative.

  2. Free essay

    Why did the Weimar Republic collapse in 1933?

    It was a communist inspired rebellion to create soviets to rule Germany. The revolt failed and they were both shot. The government used ex soldiers to crush the revolt called the Freikorps. The government later wanted to disband the Freikorps who they saw as a threat.

  1. Weimar, 1924 - 1929

    They raised a petition to force the government to hold a referendum (see the Weimar Constitution). AJ Nicholls "[Strasser & north Nazis] pressed for participation in the campaign being organised by the Communists and Social Democrats to dispossess the former German royal houses."

  2. What were the problems of the Weimar Republic and why did it collapse?

    It wasn't until September 1923, that Gustav Stresemann, the new Chancellor ended the policy. It was hurting Germany more the Belgium or France so he resumed the reparation payments.

  1. Long term causes like the economic depression 1929-1933, and the failure of the Weimar ...

    There was opposition from the left (left wing rebels) and from the right (right wing rebels). The left wing 'Spartacists', led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, attempted to stage a revolution in Berlin in January 1919, copying the Russian Bolshevik Revolution.

  2. To what extent had the Weimar Republic achieved political, economic and social stability by ...

    Germany, ?lived on borrowed money... If a crisis ever hit us... We are not only militarily disarmed, we are also financially disarmed,? (Gustav Stresemann). Although the money did go a long way to restructure German industry and the industrial boom, the main weakness was that the country was using short-term loans to fund long term projects.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work