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How important was the Tumult of Amboise (1560) in bringing about conflict between Catholics and Protestants by 1562

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Introduction

How important was the Tumult of Amboise (1560) in bringing about conflict between Catholics and Protestants by 1562? The Tumult of Amboise in 1560 was caused by factionalism, religious rivalry and a threat to the Crown's authority. The atmosphere the Tumult of Amboise caused may have gave way to the conflict between Catholics and Protestants in 1562. Although the conspiracy did not achieve its aims it was still important as it was a threat to the crown, and they where prepared to challenge the kings authority, although the conspirators did claim that the threat was never against the king but against the Guise, as an anti-Guise campaign. However the Tumult of Amboise was still an important factor in causing the French Wars of Religion at this time, as it added to the tension and atmosphere between the Protestants and Catholics. There where a three main factions at the court of Francis II the Guise who had the most influence over the king, the Bourbons who would gain the throne if the Valois died out and the Montmorencys who where in great rivalry with the Guise. The factionalism at court caused a great amount of tension and caused jealousy, this then lead to pressure from Calvinist allies and clients of the Bourbons pushing them into open confrontation with the Guise. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore religious conflict between the Protestant and Catholic was something the crown did not want at this time; therefore they tried to prevent it by calling a nation council of the French Church. The council met at Poissy in 1561 and they wanted to try to find a compromise between the Catholic Church and French Protestants. The meeting involved discussions between Catholic and Calvinist representatives known as the Colloquy of Poissy. However the Calvinist representative, Theodore de Beze, took an uncompromising stand. This shows that at the time Protestants did not want to compromise their views, even when the crown became involved they would not compromise. This both shows the weakness of the crown and shows that Protestants are prepared to fight for their beliefs, which cause further tension in the French kingdom. It seems that the Tumult of Aboise lead up to the Colloquy of Poissy, because of the tension it caused between Protestants and Catholics. The Protestants supported the Bourbons as the Guise where Catholic and this caused more tension between the two religions and the two aristocratic groups. However in January 1562 the monarchy issued the Edict of St Germain, which stated that Huguenots where allowed to hold their meetings throughout France, except inside walled towns. ...read more.

Conclusion

However there were other conflicts in France at this time as in the 1550s Protestantism began to grow and they wanted to spread their religion and gain more supporters. However the main religion up until now was Catholicism and it was the religion of the Pope, therefore they did not want Protestants spreading their faith and making people question Catholicism. This meant there was great tension between the two groups, which could and would eventually cause civil war. The Tumoult of Amboise was a very important factor as it helped create greater tension in France at a time when the crown was weak, and there was great religious tension. This meant the atmosphere was ready to explode and with the crown been weak at this time due to 15 year old Francis II, the Duke of Guise made things worse at the St Bartholomew day Massacre, as this create civil war. This was the beginning of the French Wars of Religion. The Tumoult of Amboise is very important as it seems like the starting factor which helped cause the French Wars of Religion, as it was the beginning conspiracy that started certain events. Words 1,535 ...read more.

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