• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How might the period 1945-57 be described as a period of “Great Progress” for the Civil Rights of African-Americans in USA?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How might the Period 1945-57 be Described as a Period of "Great Progress" for the Civil Rights of African-Americans in USA? Before any conclusion is made about how much progress the civil rights movement made during 1945-57, we must know what the situation was like in 1945. The majority of African-Americans in Southern states had no voting rights and blacks were faced with a considerable amount of racism, inequality and segregation, especially in the deep South. There was discrimination in employment and trade union membership, which resulted in most blacks being employed in low-paid, temporary jobs. In 1946, Truman established a liberal civil rights committee, which was aimed to investigate violence against blacks. He ensured it received national attention for shocking events. In October, 1947 a report was made called "To Secure These Rights". The report criticised the apparently "free and equal" America. As a result of this report it was decided that there would be an end to lynching, poll tax and discrimination in interstate travel and in the armed forces, as well as voting rights for blacks and a permanent FEPC. It also tried to ensure government and judiciary support for civil rights and advocated desegregation with the aid of federal power. ...read more.

Middle

Eisenhower also worked against discrimination in federal facilities in Washington and federal hiring. The president inadvertently appointed Earl Warren to the Supreme Court as a judge, and in 1954 Warren struck a great blow against segregated schools in the BROWN v. THE BOARD OF EDUCATION, TOPEKA, KANSAS law case. The BROWN case took place in 1954, which overturned PLESSY v. FERGUSON by removing all constitutional sanction for racial segregation. The result of BROWN was that all schools were to be desegregated. This gave much hope for the future of civil rights in America. In December 1955 the Montgomery Bus Boycott began, which proved to be a great triumph in the civil rights movement. It was effective for many reasons. It was very organised; students copied and distributed leaflets to get as much support as possible. The Church gave funds, used its services for rallying cries, decreased the chances of black disorder and turned the event into a "moral crusade", which brought more support. Cooperation between the NAACP and the black Alabama State College, and between the NAACP and Martin Luther King was an important factor. ...read more.

Conclusion

The period saw many heroes, such as Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King. The Montgomery Boycott also proved that if mass action was applied with organisation, change was very possible. However, the period also saw victims, such as Emmett Till. There was still no single strong black organisation; after the BROWN ruling the NAACP was persecuted in the south. There was also a lack of cooperation between organisations such as the NAACP and the SCLC. The SCLC lacked massive grass-roots support and an organised infrastructure necessary for success. Even if the Supreme Court demanded desegregation, it was either a very slow process or blocked in some way. Progress with civil rights also very much depended on the president's attitude towards the issue and how much help they gave. Even if desegregation was achieved, African-Americans saw no end to racial prejudice and discrimination. Despite all this, civil rights progress did go forward throughout this era, however slow it went. It made America far more aware of civil rights than it had ever been. Comparing the situation in 1957 to that of 1945, we can see that an increasing number of blacks had more professional jobs. There was now less public segregation than ever before, although in some places it was still a social fact. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    The NAACP was the organisation that achieved most for African Americans during the 20th ...

    4 star(s)

    However, as a whole, all of the groups did relatively little for economic advancement for African Americans, and the differences in the level of their achievements is minimal. It may be argued that social change is the most difficult aspect of life that an organisation could attempt to change, as social issues- by definition- often reflect the views of society.

  2. Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975

    Their efforts led to the case, Davis v. the County School Board of Prince Edward County, which was one of the cases that were consolidated with Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. In Brown v. Board of Education, the United States Supreme Court made a decision to end the doctrine of "separate but equal" in public elementary and high schools.

  1. Blacks and their civil rights

    goal was to achieve equality throughout America without inflicting any sort of violence and staying inside the law.

  2. Civil Rights in America 50s & 60s

    Only a valid American citizenship and voting registration was now required to vote. In 1968, another amendment was made to the Civil Rights Act, preventing black people from being discriminated against in the buying or selling of property. Whilst not immediately sounding a great change, this had the huge impact

  1. Free essay

    How important was the reconstruction period of 1865-1877 in the development of African American ...

    For one, the thirteenth amendment sought to end slavery, while the fourteenth aimed to provide equal protection for all, irrespective of race, and the fifteenth ensured that everyone was granted the right to vote. With such amendments made to the US constitution, one would think that this would mean the end to racial prejudice that African Americans faced.

  2. With what truth can it be asserted that the U.S.A was the land of ...

    They often maintained their own language, lifestyle, customs and religion. Minority groups therefore tended to work in similar places and children were educated at their own schools. This lack of social integration meant they were regarded with suspicion and often hatred which evoked white hostility and abuse.

  1. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    Detroit 1943 a race riot between black workers and Polishg Americans led to 44 dead . Similar conflicts erupted eg in Harlem 1943. * 1942 FDR introduced FEPC (The Fair Employment Practices Committee) This was meant to stop racial discrimination in government war contracts and allow black Americans to gain jobs.

  2. Civil Rights In The USA.

    the whole world how hard it was for black people to try and live alongside white people. It was apparent that white people were too set in their old-fashioned ways about slavery that they didn't want to make a change, they were too blind and too ignorant to see that you shouldn't judge a book by it's cover.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work