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How much did the CID improve investigative policing in the years 1880-1950?

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Introduction

´╗┐How much did the CID improve investigative policing during the years c1880-c1950? The CID was set up in 1842, to help aid the work of investigative police. However, only during the years c1880-c1950, did they really make an impact. The CID improved investigative policing by a fair amount, although this improvement was mainly due to the development in other factors, such as technology. Technology played a big part in the work of the CID. During the time period of 1888, there was limited ways to catch the killer; they had to rely on catching the murderer by catching them in the act or finding a witness who had seen what happened. This method was unreliable but when developments in technology were introduced, it helped in the detection of crime. During the case of ?Dr Crippen?, they used the Marconi wireless invention of the telegraph. ?And was caught following the world?s first use of the telegraph to intercept a fugitive at sea?. (12) The usage of the telegram ensured that Dr Crippen was caught. This made the CID effective as they were able to catch the murderer of Cora Crippen. In addition, if there wasn?t a development in technology then perhaps Dr Crippen would have got away. ...read more.

Middle

This indicates that the CID didn?t really improve investigative policing by much, as they were wasting very important time on pointless things. Although, if there was more of a development in technology, then the CID would have had more impact as they wouldn?t have wasted time as the technology would be there to assist the detection. Another key feature the CID needed was to have good organisation within the force itself and whilst detecting crimes. Organisation is essential to any task. The CID was fairly good at organising themselves, however there were times when their organisation was terrible. During the detection of Jack the Ripper, the CID were not organised at all. Their key figure, Dr Robert Anderson, was not present or active during the time of the investigation. ?Now found themselves leaderless as the Jack the Ripper crimes escalated?. (8) From this you can infer that the CID were not organised at all as their leader decided to go on holiday at the wrong time; leading to the failure of detection. In addition, this then shows that they did not really improve investigative policing as they hardly had any form of direction. Another thing that happened during ?Jack the Ripper? was that vital evidence was washed off. ...read more.

Conclusion

As methods of forensic science developed, crime detection by the CID became more effective; this improved investigative policing by quite a bit. Another factor that improved investigative policing alongside the CID was the use of media, and public perception. The media played a big role in developing the CID. At the start, when the CID was set up in 1842, it was not seen as a positive thing. The Home Office was concerned that detectives would become too friendly with criminals, and become corrupt. ?The individual detectives who worked for the department were severely demoralised?. (7) This shows that the public were being quite hateful towards the CID, as they weren?t successful in the start up. This then proves that they didn?t really improve investigative policing, as people were unhappy with their work. Although the public were not too happy, the media was quite helpful in using its status to benefit the CID. They aided the CID by putting images into newspapers, which then led to the catching of the killer. (11) This demonstrates that the media helped the CID to improve investigative policing. Although the improvement only managed to happen as there was a development in technology, as without this progression, the media would be incapable to do such a thing; which assisted the CID. ...read more.

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