• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How much impact did Martin Luther King have in changing civil rights for black Americans?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐How much impact did Martin Luther King have in changing civil rights for black Americans? The struggle of black people in America for freedom, justice, and self-definition stretches from the colonial and early nineteenth-century slaveholding era to the twenty-first century, but its intensity has varied from one period to the next. One of the most intense periods occurred in the 1950?s and 1960?s, when struggling was usually associated with the psychological and strategic use of nonviolence. Martin Luther King (MLK) was one of many Civil Rights leaders that bought publicity to the movement and issued nonviolence through marches and boycotts. Nevertheless, the Civil Rights Movement (CRM) would have occurred with or without Martin Luther King Jr., but without King, the CRM would not have had the same impact on society. The first major campaign King was involved in was the Montgomery bus boycott, which occurred in the 1955-56. The bus boycott was started by the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP) who instructed Rosa Park to refuse to give up her seat for a white person. NAACP constructed a legal court case against the segregation laws and the black people of Montgomery began to take direct action against bus companies by refusing to travel on the buses. ...read more.

Middle

Dudziak states that Jimmy Wilson was ?the centre of international attention? for being sentenced to death in Alabama for stealing less than two dollars of change. This was thought to be the most severe consequence of American racism. The petty crime bought to surface international concern because Wilson?s case received international coverage. There were critical articles being published in newspapers all across the world and the communist used Wilson?s story as propaganda. The Jimmy Wilson case bought publicity all around the world due to communist propaganda and aided the CRM. This showing that King is not the only one to bring publicity to the CRM. The March on Washington which was organised and successfully lead by King without the support from President Kennedy and Roy Wilkins. The aim of the March was to encourage to pass a civil rights bill through public relations, media attention gave the March national exposure because it impressed people all around the world. The March may have had a part in passing the Civil Rights Bill (CRB) of 1964 as it showed a united nation. President Kennedy death could be also credited in passing the CRB. ...read more.

Conclusion

This limited the activist because they couldn?t afford paying the fine when they are living in poverty. However, what occurred in Chicago was the purpose of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which is a legislation to provide equal housing opportunities. It made it legal for someone to be decimated for their race, or national origin when buying a house. It was a federal crime to force or threaten injure, intimidate, or interfere with anyone because of their race, colour, religion, or national origin. Overall, King is the one radiant name of the fight for racial equality that everyone knows, he stole the limelight from those that have been forgotten or who were not accorded the recognition they deserved. King played a wonderful leader for the CRM because he bought publicity through his peaceful protest and winning the Nobel Peace Prize. To have a day for himself shows the impact he made to the life of black Americans during the CRM. King may have helped the CRM before his assassination, but was given too much credit because others, such as Ralph Abernathy, Claudette Colvin, Kasturba Gandhi, Malcolm X and etc. where forgotten. After King?s death the life of black Americans did not brighten up because the fight for equality still occurring with new leaders. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    The NAACP was the organisation that achieved most for African Americans during the 20th ...

    4 star(s)

    Its success was such that, despite angry reactions from white racists, the movement spread across the USA, particularly the south. Other groups such as the SCLC, for example, were to be become involved in the sit-in movement, and CORE's involvement extended to other areas of public life- such as parks, swimming pool's etc.

  2. What was the contribution of Martin Luther King to the civil rights movement?

    They staged a two day sit-in, followed by a much longer one in which they were joined by many more protestors. Within 18 months, 70,000 people had taken part in similar sit-ins. Freedom rides were another effective form of peaceful protest.

  1. Malcolm X and Martin Luther King: Compared and Contrasted.

    Minister Malcolm X in the Islamic church, using the surname X to replace the African name that had been taken from his slave ancestors. Within eight years, by 1954, Malcolm had become minister of New York Temple No. 7, and in 1957 he became the NOI national representative, a position of influence second only to that of Elijah Muhammad.

  2. Why was Martin Luther King both so bitterly criticised, and so deeply mourned by ...

    King was not as important as local people grass roots activists women and students. However, as radicals admitted, king reached out to ordinary southerns who would be foot soldiers in local movements. He was not the initiator of black protests or the bus boycott in Montgomery and in 1960-65 it

  1. Why was the use of Non-Violence Protest effective during King Jr.’s Campaign for improved ...

    white counterpart and in a way, the angry whites became more primitive than the view they had held of blacks for generations. Media coverage had the power to turn nation, as well as the rest of the world. It was international pressure that made the government act to stop the violence.

  2. Civil Rights in America 50s & 60s

    highlight their cause, generating widespread media attention mainly through the fatal meetings with some of the buses and rival white groups such as the Ku Klux Klan. Martin Luther King says that he believes that progress has been with the introduction of the 'powerful' civil rights laws and shows that

  1. The Disadvantages that Black Americans faced in the early 1950's.

    X believed in violence because being non violent means to 'be defenceless in the face of the cruelest beasts that has ever taken people into captivity.' X also believed that there was no need to be non violent if his enemy were to get away with it, 'I don't go

  2. The importance of Lyndon Johnson in bringing about Civil Rights.

    because civil rights advancement was becoming more popular. This could show that Johnson was not motivated by a pursuit of justice but rather a pursuit of popularity. Also, when Johnson had racist political guests at his home, he humiliated his African-American servants and referred to them as ?niggers? for the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work