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How Penley became the site for the Polish Hospital.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Penley became the site for the Polish Hospital That Penley became the site for the Polish hospital site was in the first place due to the American involvement in the Second World War. General Dwight D Eisenhower had to prepare American troops for the fortress. A Europe assault code named Bolero. This involved American troops living and being trained in Britain. The logistics required for 1,527000 men was enormous. The need for hospitals by the year 1943 was decided as 58 fixed American army hospitals. Penley was just one area chosen as a convenient place, near to Liverpool port and major road systems. There were initially three hospitals built, Iscoyd Park, Penley hall and Llannerch Panna with other buildings built over the border that could be used as hospitals or living quarters if the need arose. These three hospitals were known as 3, 4, and 11 after the units of military personnel that used them. Llannerch Panna hospital was closed and the remaining two hospitals absorbed the staff and patients. Iscoyed Park was closed in 1956, and the remaining patients and staff were absorbed in Penley. How Polish people and military personnel came to Penley is a story of human misery, courage and determination. The Yalta conference agreement in 1945 saw the eastern section of Poland given to the control of Russia. The western area was to be governed by a communist regime that the soviets established in Warsaw. There was no forced repatriation but the needs of the displaced, political prisoner's free prisoners of war together until the armed forces were huge. The Polish resettlement corps (core) which only existed from 1947 to 1949 was to help with the integration of Polish people into British society and way of life. Many of these people had been prisoners of the soviets from 1939 and only released in 1942 to fight the Germans under the control of the British. ...read more.

Middle

Jews were collected up and placed into Ghettos which were separated from non Jews; here they were starved with no heating, crammed into over crowded rooms until they died of starvation or disease. The final solution, which was the extermination or genocide, was completed by forced removal to extermination or death camps. These men, women and children were transported by cattle trucks, worked as slave labour or gassed. All goods were confiscated by the Government. Jews were not the only groups to be exterminated or made to do forced labour. Gypsies, Jehovah's witnesses, homosexuals, the handicapped were all treated in the same way. It is the number, over 6 million people, that is so devastating and unbelievable. Many of these were Polish and Jews. This was not warfare where there would be chance to fight back, this was removing ill and impure, old and young defenceless people, with the single aim of not just murdering them but also disposing of their bodies and using any by products that could be recycled to fuel the war in progress. The final solution did not show any humanity at all, its coldness, merciless power was overpowering, ruthless and without pity. The cold efficiency with which the Germans experimented to find the most cost effective method to achieve mass cheap killings is implausible. Zyklon B, hydrogen, cyanide gas, carbon monoxide, shooting were all evaluated almost as if to evaluate a way of gaining a productivity bonus of the loss of human life. The services and facilities currently available in the village of Penley The village of Penley today, is that of an uninspiring cluster of buildings on either side of the main road. The boundaries of the village are unclear and present to the non local motorist not a view of a village but small clusters of unattached buildings without character and identity. There is an apparent original core with the more recent or modern parts being separated by the Industrial Unit Estate. ...read more.

Conclusion

I don't want the memorial to be depressing and I don't want it to be disrespectful but I do want it to be part of the community that these Polish people found themselves in. I also want the local people to view it and be thoughtful. As the memorial is placed in the centre of the lakes there is a feeling of movement which reminds us of the vast miles that were travelled by this group of people. Set in the middle of these family leisure activities it also becomes part of laughter as well tears and is I think a living memorial that is modern and foreword looking. I had thought of gates, gardens, skate parks and play areas but I decided that I would incorporate nature, movement, laughter, tears, names and peace in a regenerated setting that would reflect nature which is living. I would be happy for future generations of Polish people to see this acknowledgement of their culture, sacrifices and bravery. Extension If I had, had more time I would have organised a questionnaire, which would have been helpful towards realising the needs of the village and what the people of Penley believe should be appropriate to situate on the Polish hospital site. The questions that would have been on the questionnaire are: 1. Do you think that the Polish hospital site should be built on? 2. Do you think the community of Penley should be involved in the future of the Polish hospital site? 3. Do you think we should remember the soldiers and medical staff that were established here? 4. Do you think a memorial would be appropriate if the above question is answered yes? 5. Do you think the proposals for the Penley hospital site should be built with the communities needs first? The relatives and descendants of the soldiers, doctors and nurses that worked and lived there, would be contacted and be asked for there view towards the redevelopment of the Polish hospital site. ...read more.

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