• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17

How Penley became the site for the Polish Hospital.

Extracts from this document...


How Penley became the site for the Polish Hospital That Penley became the site for the Polish hospital site was in the first place due to the American involvement in the Second World War. General Dwight D Eisenhower had to prepare American troops for the fortress. A Europe assault code named Bolero. This involved American troops living and being trained in Britain. The logistics required for 1,527000 men was enormous. The need for hospitals by the year 1943 was decided as 58 fixed American army hospitals. Penley was just one area chosen as a convenient place, near to Liverpool port and major road systems. There were initially three hospitals built, Iscoyd Park, Penley hall and Llannerch Panna with other buildings built over the border that could be used as hospitals or living quarters if the need arose. These three hospitals were known as 3, 4, and 11 after the units of military personnel that used them. Llannerch Panna hospital was closed and the remaining two hospitals absorbed the staff and patients. Iscoyed Park was closed in 1956, and the remaining patients and staff were absorbed in Penley. How Polish people and military personnel came to Penley is a story of human misery, courage and determination. The Yalta conference agreement in 1945 saw the eastern section of Poland given to the control of Russia. The western area was to be governed by a communist regime that the soviets established in Warsaw. There was no forced repatriation but the needs of the displaced, political prisoner's free prisoners of war together until the armed forces were huge. The Polish resettlement corps (core) which only existed from 1947 to 1949 was to help with the integration of Polish people into British society and way of life. Many of these people had been prisoners of the soviets from 1939 and only released in 1942 to fight the Germans under the control of the British. ...read more.


Jews were collected up and placed into Ghettos which were separated from non Jews; here they were starved with no heating, crammed into over crowded rooms until they died of starvation or disease. The final solution, which was the extermination or genocide, was completed by forced removal to extermination or death camps. These men, women and children were transported by cattle trucks, worked as slave labour or gassed. All goods were confiscated by the Government. Jews were not the only groups to be exterminated or made to do forced labour. Gypsies, Jehovah's witnesses, homosexuals, the handicapped were all treated in the same way. It is the number, over 6 million people, that is so devastating and unbelievable. Many of these were Polish and Jews. This was not warfare where there would be chance to fight back, this was removing ill and impure, old and young defenceless people, with the single aim of not just murdering them but also disposing of their bodies and using any by products that could be recycled to fuel the war in progress. The final solution did not show any humanity at all, its coldness, merciless power was overpowering, ruthless and without pity. The cold efficiency with which the Germans experimented to find the most cost effective method to achieve mass cheap killings is implausible. Zyklon B, hydrogen, cyanide gas, carbon monoxide, shooting were all evaluated almost as if to evaluate a way of gaining a productivity bonus of the loss of human life. The services and facilities currently available in the village of Penley The village of Penley today, is that of an uninspiring cluster of buildings on either side of the main road. The boundaries of the village are unclear and present to the non local motorist not a view of a village but small clusters of unattached buildings without character and identity. There is an apparent original core with the more recent or modern parts being separated by the Industrial Unit Estate. ...read more.


I don't want the memorial to be depressing and I don't want it to be disrespectful but I do want it to be part of the community that these Polish people found themselves in. I also want the local people to view it and be thoughtful. As the memorial is placed in the centre of the lakes there is a feeling of movement which reminds us of the vast miles that were travelled by this group of people. Set in the middle of these family leisure activities it also becomes part of laughter as well tears and is I think a living memorial that is modern and foreword looking. I had thought of gates, gardens, skate parks and play areas but I decided that I would incorporate nature, movement, laughter, tears, names and peace in a regenerated setting that would reflect nature which is living. I would be happy for future generations of Polish people to see this acknowledgement of their culture, sacrifices and bravery. Extension If I had, had more time I would have organised a questionnaire, which would have been helpful towards realising the needs of the village and what the people of Penley believe should be appropriate to situate on the Polish hospital site. The questions that would have been on the questionnaire are: 1. Do you think that the Polish hospital site should be built on? 2. Do you think the community of Penley should be involved in the future of the Polish hospital site? 3. Do you think we should remember the soldiers and medical staff that were established here? 4. Do you think a memorial would be appropriate if the above question is answered yes? 5. Do you think the proposals for the Penley hospital site should be built with the communities needs first? The relatives and descendants of the soldiers, doctors and nurses that worked and lived there, would be contacted and be asked for there view towards the redevelopment of the Polish hospital site. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays


    If the Nazis gave up on literature as a form of propaganda, they made a deliberate effort to use the visual arts to put across basic blood and soil values. Painters like Kampf and Ziegler were able to provide pictorial stereotypes of physical appearance, of women as mothers and home-minders, and of men in a variety of martial roles.

  2. The Final Solution - Sources Questions

    From this information it can be stated that the writer of this source was an 'unwilling executioner' because she actively tried to prevent the murder of Jews. This source is reliable because it is written in a private diary where the writer has no reason to lie.

  1. "What was the purpose of the Final Solution?"

    Final Solution Sometime during 1941 the decision seems to have been taken to kill all the Jews who could not work, and use the able-bodied Jews as slave labour until they died. At the Wansee Conference in January 1942, chaired by Himmler's deputy, Heydrich, the Nazis worked out the details of the final solution.

  2. What was the main cause of Kristallnacht?

    He wrote it "from what he had seen himself" and "from interviews he carried out" so there have been no "middle-men" who might have edited the interviews to support their views (i.e. bias). Source E supports Source C's idea on who caused these attacks.

  1. What is the tradition of animosity between racial groups in Europe during the Twentieth ...

    Eventually however the Gypsies ended up in the concentration and extermination camps of the Second World War (sources 33 + 34), during the holocaust. According to Himmler's decree of December 14, 1937, "preventive" arrests could be made of persons who, while not guilty of any criminal act, "endangered the communality

  2. Were the Great Powers ready for war in 1914?

    This statement boosted the soldier's confidence since its gave an affect that Germany had a colossal army. The sheer size of the German army implies Germany was in fact ready for war in the military aspect. The military aspect, despite being an imperative part of being ready for war, is not enough.


    areas for Jews to live in "all Jews living outside the walls must move inside them, and all poles living inside the ghetto must leave". This quotation also agrees with source B that the ghettos were areas for Jews to live in.

  2. How did stalemate develop on Western Fornt

    to defend Alsace and Lorraine with the idea the Germans would retreat into Germany and battle the French army as far from Paris as possible so when the German main army invaded France Via Belgium the French Army would be unable to get back to Paris fast enough to stop the Germans capturing it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work