How Pleased Would Truman Have Been By the Implementation of His Plan In the Years Up To 1962?
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HOW PLEASED WOULD TRUMAN HAVE BEEN BY THE IMPLEMENTATION OF HIS PLAN IN THE YEARS UP TO 1962? This essay will try to analyze and understand whether Harry Truman would have been pleased with the ongoing of his doctrine and whether it was a success or failure in the long run. To do so, the case studies of Berlin, Eastern Europe, Korea and the Cuban Missile Crisis will be used to view the different aspects from the period of 1945 to 1962(approximately). The Truman Doctrine was created by Truman himself in May 1947. This doctrine said that the USA should provide countries under the threat of a Communist invasion with money, expert advice and if necessary military equipment. Truman had accepted that all of Eastern Europe had become Communist but did not accept this would spread any further. His doctrine later became known as the Policy of Containment. At the end Second World War, Berlin was captured by the Russians. Stalin wanted to cripple Germany but the Allies had the job to reconstruct it economically and socially. Therefore Germany was divided into 4 sectors, an American, a French, a British and a Soviet.
This meant that all the countries in this zone became communist and part of the COMINFORM. The USA didn't appreciate this. In Czechoslovakia, all of the anti-communist leaders were expelled from the country and Jan Masaryk, a pro American Czech minister was found dead under his open window. Americans immediately suspected of an assassination by the Soviet government but instead, these affirmed that he had committed suicide. In reprisal, the Americans passed the Marshall Plan which poured into the country and to other Eastern European countries $17 billion. This was a great success for containment as it helped these countries attempt to stop communism. This worked especially in Greece where the Monarchists were helped to stop the Communist opposition. By February 1950, the Royalists were in total control of Greece. The bad side of these actions were that these governments were always very unstable and many revolutions rose up. Small scale conflicts rose up in the countries and communists gained even more power. In conclusion to this point we can say that Truman wouldn't have been happy with this because money would have been spent directly from the USA's pockets.
They were scared that the Russians would have used them on the USA to kill 80 million Americans. The USSR on the other hand, said that they were allowed to place Weapons of Mass Destruction since the USA had placed theirs in Turkey, just next to the USSR. The final solution to this conflict was to impose a naval blockade which worked. This contained Communism given that the Russians retreated and allowed the UN to follow the process of dismantlement of the WMDs'. The USA had managed to keep Communism away from American borders. The opposing argument is that the USA didn't manage to hold back the Soviets in the first place. They allowed them to approach the USA that much with WMDs'. Conclusively, the evidence tells us that this was a success for containment even though it put many Americans in fear. Truman wouldn't have been happy. He would have taken a much harder course of action. In conclusion to this essay, the four points tell us that Truman would have been happy in the long run with what his fellow Presidents of the United States that governed after him because they did what they could to contain communism from spreading further than in Asia and Eastern Europe. Luca Galbiati History 05.11.03 1
This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.
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