• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How satisfied were the Allied Leaders with the Treaty of Versailles?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How satisfied were the Allied Leaders with Treaty of Versailles? The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that officially ended World War l. The three most influential people who decided what how harsh the restrictions were on Germany, politically, militarily and economically were Clemenceau of France, Lloyd George of Britain and Woodrow Wilson of America Even before meeting in Versailles, the leaders of Britain, France and the United States had stated their different aims and objectives for the peace conference. France had wanted Germany to be punished, Britain wanted a relatively strong but economically viable Germany and the United States wanted the creation of permanent peace as soon a possible but with financial compensation for its military expenditures. The result of these contradictory goals among the three leaders was a compromise, which ultimately left none of them completely satisfied. The leader of France, Clemenceau, largely represented the people of France in that he wanted revenge upon the German nation as much of the war had been fought mostly on French land, which left the country in ruins. ...read more.

Middle

The leader of the United States, Woodrow Wilson, had his 14 points published 1918 stating his demands for the treaty. These included self-determination which meant that colonies should allow people of the same nationality to govern themselves and one nationality should not have the power to govern another, a League of Nations, German troops to leave Russian, Belgian and French territory and for Poland to become independent and have access to the sea. However, Woodrow Wilson was not completely satisfied by the treaty, For one, not all of his aims in his "14 points" had been carried out and when he returned to America, the senate refused to join the League of Nations and to sign the Treaty of Versailles. The leader of Britain, Lloyd George, supported Clemenceau over the matter of reparations but overall wanted a less harsh treaty compared to France. Lloyd George was aware of the potential trouble that could come from an weak Germany if they grew strong again, and he felt that a less harsh treaty that did not engender vengeance would be better at preserving peace in the long run. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore, the three main nations in the lead up to the treaty were far from united on how Germany should be treated. The eventual treaty seemed to satisfy everyone on the sides of the Allies. For France, it appeared as if Germany had been smashed; for Britain, Lloyd George was satisfied that enough of Germany's power had been left to act as a buffer to communist expansion from Russia; Woodrow Wilson was simply happy that the proceedings had finished so that he could return home. However, the victors did not all get what they desired because of their conflicting aims, which were not negotiable so the end result did not please all three leaders. For example, Britain did not want a harsh treaty whereas France did as a revenge tactic for Germany's part in the war and therefore the treaty was harsher than Britain wanted. So I think that all three Allied leaders were to some extent satisfied with the Treaty but as they all had different aims to one another, not all of their aims were filled. Jess Kimber ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Treaty Of versailles

    5 star(s)

    However, land such as Alsace Lorraine was given back. This was a good thing because of the fact this land was Frances before Germany had invaded it. Also the fact that the Rhineland became demilitarized meant that Germany could not attack France again.

  2. Hitler's Aims

    Therefore to avoid a war on two fronts, he arranged the Nazi-Soviet Pact, which said that if either country went to war the other would remain neutral. Hitler gained the chance to invade Poland with a war on one front, if Britain supported Poland.

  1. Was the Treaty of Versailles fair on Germany?

    So if Russia went in so would Germany. Germany declared war on Russia, who supported the Serbs, on the 1st of August, and two days later declared war on Russia's ally, France. Germany then instigated the Schleiffen plan to invade France through Belgium, effectively declaring war on Belgium in the process.

  2. The Treaty of Versailles

    This would also ensure Britain's wishes were upheld and any naval threat was basically eliminated. Production of poison gas was also prohibited. I believe this provision can be defended as fair as such weapons are extremely deadly and in the hands of the wrong people can be used to devastating effects.

  1. The Treaty of Versailles

    Albania, Greece and Belgium, Upper Silesia between Poland and Germany, and the Aaland islands between Finland and Sweden. 1. Germany was allowed to join the League in 1926. 2. Washington treaty between Britain, France, USA and Japan, meant limited naval expansion for ten years.

  2. What was the overall impact of the treaty of Versailles?

    the grounds and speaking realistically from the evidence present in the events that took place because however strong the arguments may be the issue of territorial losses was always looked upon as a huge loss and the optimist view had little place in the events to be followed in the later years.

  1. The treaty of Versailles was signed between Britain, France and USA. Lloyd-George, Clemencau and ...

    When economic depression hit I believe that the population were looking for answers and Hitler had someone to blame. He achieved power through sharing the same desire, blame. The people wanted revenge as did Hitler. Hitler's rise to power came over a decade after Versailles.

  2. Germany, 1918-1945 - Treaty of Versailles.

    This proved himself to be a dominant and powerful character for the job-just what Germany needed. This is good as Germany felt humiliated after the First World War and then the Treaty of Versailles and needed someone, like Hitler, to regain Germany's strength and self-control.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work