• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How secure was Nicholas II as Tsar in 1914? Nicholas II was Tsar for many year and managed to survive a revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How secure was Nicholas II as Tsar in 1914? Nicholas II was Tsar for many year and managed to survive a revolution, these are some of the reasons that people argue he was in a secure position of control, however his downfall questions this believe, as does the many strikes and problems he suffered. To understand exactly how secure Nicholas was many events and facts must be analysed. Nicholas himself was a deeply religious man, it was clear that the most important thing to him was his family. When he was made Tsar he was the first to admit that he wasn't ready to take on the position. This clearly shows that he wasn't in a secure position from the start of his reign. He was also described as a very untrustworthy man and he changed his mind a lot. An example of this was when he went back on his word about the Dumas and limited their powers, this is explained further below. ...read more.

Middle

This led to their surrender in 1905. With news of the surrender the already unhappy people of Russia felt humiliated, especially due to the fact that Japan was an inferior country. The war was an inevitable cause of the 1905 revolution and the incompetence of the government was not forgotten, this meant that even 9 years later the position of Nicholas was not totally secure. It could be argued that the 1905 revolution was the main event which hindered the position of the Tsar by 1914. This is because his own people stood against him and were clearly unhappy with him in power. It also led to the Dumas which was a parliament given to Nicholas' opposition groups. However the 1905 revolution was not a complete failure because Nicholas managed to maintain all of his powers and came out of it in a secure position. Also the people of Russia were shown that the government was strong; this was because they had the support the army. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall the Dumas made Nicholas more secure in the short term when the first started in 1905; however once they became ''an ineffectual body'' by 1914 the position of Nicholas was extremely vulnerable because there was a lack of support but huge amount of strikes. To conclude the position of Nicholas II was made stronger by 1914 in some respects due to him coming out strong of the 1905 revolution, having control of the Dumas and improvements to the country through industrialisation with Witte's reforms. However all of these things in some ways also hindered Nicholas' position because the revolution showed that people were against him, the Dumas led to a huge amount of strikes by 1914 and Witte's reforms led to the 1905 rise against him. Also Nicholas' untrustworthy personality and surrender in the Russo-Japanese war led to him being hugely unpopular. Therefore Nicholas' position was not secure in 1914 however it wasn't completely vulnerable because a revolution did not take place in Russia for another 3 years. Elizabeth Lund 11MD ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was Nicholas II responsible for his own downfall?

    5 star(s)

    were critics of the Tsar and Nicholas was not comfortable with this political situation. Nicholas made sure the Duma would have very little power. Two months after the elections were held Nicholas issued a set of fundamental laws; that gave him total control once again.

  2. How and why did the tsar nicholas II survive the 1905 revolution?

    Even though the mutiny is contained, this is yet another public relations disaster and Vakulenchuk becomes a Bolshevik hero, aggravating those who were against the Tsar, to become even more bitterly against him. Inevitably, people already in opposition with the Tsar continued to grow in anger, whilst the killing of

  1. How did the tsar survive the 1905 revolution?

    After Bloody Sunday incident this image of him was shattered. Even though the Tsar was not present at the Winter Palace, the people believed he was and that he had given the order to fire upon them.

  2. What Led to the Downfall of the Tsar?

    Another factor, probably more important, was that the wages of the working class had not risen since 1905, and urban workers were unable to provide for themselves and their families. Finally, the decisions Nicholas II made during the First World War in an already politically unstable situation meant a total loss of confidence in him and his regime.

  1. 'THE TSARIST REGIME WAS SECURE BY 1905'

    By 1898 it soon became impatient with Plekhanov's leadership, they found him too theoretical in his approach and wanted more active revolutionary polices. In 1903 the party split into two, (Bolsheviks and Mensheviks). So the SD's couldn't pose a threat to the regime by 1905 as they were disorganised.

  2. Tsar Nicholas II

    This was a long term cause of why the Tsar was bad and so it would have also affected any previous tsars as well. One other reason that made Russia so difficult to govern was the hierarchy of the country.

  1. To what extent was the Revolution of February/march, in Russia 1917, due to the ...

    This was the absolute turning and decisive point. With no supporters left or army to assert his power, the Tsar decided to abdicate; thus the end of the 300-year Romanov rule of the Russian Empire. When attempting to determine to what extent was the revolution of February /March, in Russia

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    That was the aim of the Bolshevik Party under Lenin and Trotsky. Internationalism was no sentimental gesture, but was rooted in the international character of capitalism and the class struggle. In the words of Trotsky: "Socialism is the organisation of a planned and harmonious social production for the satisfaction of human wants.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work