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How secure was Nicholas II as Tsar in 1914? Nicholas II was Tsar for many year and managed to survive a revolution

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Introduction

How secure was Nicholas II as Tsar in 1914? Nicholas II was Tsar for many year and managed to survive a revolution, these are some of the reasons that people argue he was in a secure position of control, however his downfall questions this believe, as does the many strikes and problems he suffered. To understand exactly how secure Nicholas was many events and facts must be analysed. Nicholas himself was a deeply religious man, it was clear that the most important thing to him was his family. When he was made Tsar he was the first to admit that he wasn't ready to take on the position. This clearly shows that he wasn't in a secure position from the start of his reign. He was also described as a very untrustworthy man and he changed his mind a lot. An example of this was when he went back on his word about the Dumas and limited their powers, this is explained further below. ...read more.

Middle

This led to their surrender in 1905. With news of the surrender the already unhappy people of Russia felt humiliated, especially due to the fact that Japan was an inferior country. The war was an inevitable cause of the 1905 revolution and the incompetence of the government was not forgotten, this meant that even 9 years later the position of Nicholas was not totally secure. It could be argued that the 1905 revolution was the main event which hindered the position of the Tsar by 1914. This is because his own people stood against him and were clearly unhappy with him in power. It also led to the Dumas which was a parliament given to Nicholas' opposition groups. However the 1905 revolution was not a complete failure because Nicholas managed to maintain all of his powers and came out of it in a secure position. Also the people of Russia were shown that the government was strong; this was because they had the support the army. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall the Dumas made Nicholas more secure in the short term when the first started in 1905; however once they became ''an ineffectual body'' by 1914 the position of Nicholas was extremely vulnerable because there was a lack of support but huge amount of strikes. To conclude the position of Nicholas II was made stronger by 1914 in some respects due to him coming out strong of the 1905 revolution, having control of the Dumas and improvements to the country through industrialisation with Witte's reforms. However all of these things in some ways also hindered Nicholas' position because the revolution showed that people were against him, the Dumas led to a huge amount of strikes by 1914 and Witte's reforms led to the 1905 rise against him. Also Nicholas' untrustworthy personality and surrender in the Russo-Japanese war led to him being hugely unpopular. Therefore Nicholas' position was not secure in 1914 however it wasn't completely vulnerable because a revolution did not take place in Russia for another 3 years. Elizabeth Lund 11MD ...read more.

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