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How secure was the Tsar's powers up to 1904?

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How secure was the Tsar's powers up to 1904? The Tsar was the greatest power in Russia nothing and no one had the same amount of power. The Tsar's rulings were final. Tsar Nicholas had inherited the throne from a dynasty which had held this 1613. Unlike his father Nicholas Tsar was dependant on what he was told by his ministers. He was not ready for the role of Tsar and knew very little on how to run a country. Nicholas Tsar was a family man, controlled by his wife who wanted him to spend time with his family. He was isolated from the public view due to this. Russians that opposed the Tsar and his government would be tracked by "The Okhrana". They were the secret police for the Tsar. This group of people spread across the country. Undercover agents were every where. Some made their way in to secret revolutionary societies and some times even organised them, and took part in political acts of violence. ...read more.


The Orthodox Church was turned into a government department called the Holly Synod and was run by a lay official appointed by the Tsar, called the chief procurator. The priesthood expressed favour of the Tsar and autocracy, of a greater Russian nationalism and in hostility towards embers of other churches. The church played a leading part in the russification campaigns waged by the government against the poles and the Jews. Tsar Nicholas inherited the throne when he was 26; this is a young age for a Tsar. He was well mannered person with a deep affection for his family. Nicholas would much rather spend time with his family than deal with governmental matters. Nicholas would not stand for opposition and violence was always his answer. He was particularly anti Jewish and encouraged pogroms against Jewish settlements. He believed in autocracy and thought democracy with elections and parliaments would lead to the collapse of Russia. Nicholas knew very little about the people. He did not visit factories or villages, or on going tours. ...read more.


Through the Emancipation Acts of 1861, peasants were set free. The peasants were not given the land on Emancipation but were obliged to pay a form of compensation to their former owners. Since the peasants could not afford to pay for this, the government bought they land from the nobles, then resold it to the peasants at 6 percent interest over forty nine years. The redemption payments were too high for peasants and this lead to arrears in redemption payments. Peasants could not afford to look after their families and many families starved to death. The struggle of many peasants grew worse as the population in the countryside increased. In 1900 the population grew to 86 million. A feeling of acute land hunger developed and rioting took place in those provinces where land was in short supply. The problem was partly one of land shortage. The backwardness of Russian farming methods, and lack of machinery and fertilizers resulted in a low yield of crops. The peasants believed the problem was from the smallness of their allotments. They also believed this could be remedied by seizing the estates of the nobility. ...read more.

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