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How Secure Was The Tsarist System in 1900’s.

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Introduction

How Secure Was The Tsarist System in 1900's For hundreds of years, the Tsars, both male and female, had ruled Russia. By modern day standards we would view a tsar as a dictatorial monarch. One person in complete control of a country two and a half times the size of the USA. The tsar had 3 official bodies through which he exercised his authority; The Imperial Council, The Cabinet of Ministers and The Senate. These titles all sound very powerful; in fact in political circles today we have departments who hold the same or similar titles. However, in tsarist Russia, these roles were far less significant. They were there simply to advise the tsar and deal with the administrative requirements of ruling a country. By no means did they affect the power and the authority of the tsar, whose word was finite, and woe betide anyone who dared dispute this. Due to the considerable advances of the West both economically and politically, Russia was viewed as being very backwards. In this essay I will be looking at both the strengths and the weaknesses of the tsarist system, in an attempt to draw some conclusions about the security and the stability of this age-old system. As the tsar had complete control over the country, he was therefore able to censor the education that middle class students received in universities. ...read more.

Middle

This therefore meant that if you happened to be born into the royal family and became tsar, you were only one step down from God himself. Because of this it was easy for the tsar to keep the peasants downtrodden. If God had wanted people to lead better lives, he would have had them born into different social classes. There is however a slight implication to this, an in 1861, Alexander 11 brought about the emancipation of the serfs, allowing them to be released from bondage to live as peasants. This "jump" from serf to peasant came at a high price. The government raised the tax on property sales to increase the revenue that was needed to compensate the landowners for the loss of their serfs. Money was available to the peasants from the government, but this left them with mortgages so large they and their families would be paying it for generations. The tsar also abused the control he had over the church and the peasants with the introduction of Russification. This was an attempt by Alexander 111 to unite the whole of Russia. This was an endeavour to minimise the effect of the minority nationalities that were living in Russia. It was decided that Russian would be the official language with all business and political circles using Russian only. ...read more.

Conclusion

However due to the advancement of the rest of the world, Russia could not stay lurking in the middle ages for much longer. It could be said that the Intelligentsia were simply doing what all other Europeans governments were doing for their country, trying to push it forward as much as possible. Industry did not appear to be of any major concern for any of the tsars. For years they had the opportunity to really make something out of the areas of farmland that were productive, even though this was a relatively small area in comparison to the size of Russia and its population. However the tsar enforced such high taxes onto the peasants that the only real chance they had of owning any land was to live in Mir's, a commune system where all land was shared, thus giving no incentive to make the land work to the best of its abilities. I feel that if the rest of the world had not made such great advancements in industry and human rights, Russia would have maintained its safe cocoon of autocratic rule. However world advancement cannot be blamed for the blunders of the tsars and their advisors. For too long they survived through fear and intimidation, dependant on their reputation and authority, despite the fact they did nothing worthwhile to earn this respect. It is therefore not surprising that eventually the tsarist system fell. ...read more.

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