• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Stable was Russia by the Start of WW1?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Stable was Russia by the Start of WW1? How Stable was 'The Tsar/ Aristocracy' by the Start of WW1 When Nicholas was 26 years old and still politically immature, Alexander III died suddenly of kidney disease on October 26, 1894. His father had kept him out of most affairs of state, but the ill-prepared Nicholas nevertheless became the czar. Acutely aware of his limitations, he was initially overwhelmed by the responsibility of ruling Russia. However, his fatalistic attitude and his resolution to fulfill his duty helped him survive this initial crisis. His marriage to Alex of Hessen-Darmstadt, a German princess who changed her name to Alexandra after converting to the Russian Orthodox faith, also helped stabilize Nicholas in his new role as Tsar. In 1895, he publicly rejected the idea that "zemstvos," or public assemblies, should participate in the process of social change. He called these democratic aspirations "senseless dreams," a condemnation that shocked and angered many of his subjects. Furthermore, Nicholas seemed insensitive to the increasing hardships faced by the Russian people at this time. Unrest was high as the largely agricultural country struggled to industrialize and urbanize. ...read more.

Middle

Those who favored a continuance of Russia's autocratic government believed that he looked foolish for ever having agreed to the creation of the Duma, while those who advocated the establishment of a constitutional monarchy resented Nicholas' treachery in creating the Duma and then ensuring that it remained ineffective. The 1905 revolution left Nicholas with no stability, leading up to the start of the World War many opposition groups were forming especially because of the new political assembly they were able to be in the foreground rather than just as underground opposition. The monarchy's prestige suffered further as the entire royal family was subjected to harsh criticism. Alexandra had never been popular with the Russian people. Her cold and austere manner had alienated even many aristocrats. Nicholas and Alexandra's four daughters and one son were held in higher regard, but they had little if any interaction with Russian society. The Tsarevich Alexis was also a hemophiliac, a condition that Nicholas and Alexandra carefully hid from all but their closest companions. Between 1905 and 1917, the royal family came into further disrepute by their association with an alleged holy man and mystic known as Rasputin. ...read more.

Conclusion

On February 22, 1917, street demonstrations broke out in the capital, Petrograd. By the 25th, there was large-scale violence, and by February 27th, most of the local garrisons had mutinied. Nicholas finally recognized the severity of the situation, and in a desperate attempt to save the monarchy, he abdicated power to his brother, the Grand Duke Mikhail Aleksandrovich. The Grand Duke declined to serve, recognizing that the people of Petrograd were no longer willing to accept a Tsar at all and that the monarchy had come to an end. Nicholas II was emperor of Russia from 1894 to 1917. A symbol of the tremendous wealth of the Russian aristocracy and the source of the monarchy's autocratic rule in the country, Nicholas was plagued throughout much of his reign by social and political unrest. His determination to maintain the undiminished power of the throne convinced many Russians that much needed reforms could only come through revolution. With the Russian people in turmoil, he led the country into World War I his position had never been as unstable as it proved with the success of the war being make or brake for the Tsarist regime. which proved to be the case and to have his dynasty violently overthrown by the Russian Revolution. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was Nicholas II Responsible for His Own Downfall? What can you learn from ...

    4 star(s)

    This evidence agrees with the second interpretation of the February revolution, that the revolution was inevitable. However, Source G does also prove Nicholas' ignorance, by him not heeding Durnovo's warning. 'Russia must not be drawn into such a conflict, and least of all on the side of liberal England against conservative Germany.'

  2. How convincing is the argument that WW1 was the main factor in the collapse ...

    The Populists began opposing the government by trying to convert the peasants to their divergent way of thinking. This proved unsuccessful as the majority of peasants, despite their desire for land, were supportive of the Tsar and saw him as a cult figure, their 'Little Father'.

  1. How important was WW1 in causing the Russian Revolution of February 1917

    His problem was that he did not really accept the role of the Duma after 1905. He was also a bad judge in the appointment and dismissal of minters he dismissed all his war ministers and appointed himself chief in command of the army and they lost over a million men.

  2. Examine the importance of Russian weaknesses in WW1 in explaining the start of Revolution ...

    With the lack of food and the food prices being increased made many people angry enough to decide to go on strikes. Many strikes occurred and in 1914 their were altogether sixty-eight strikes and in January and February of 1917 one thousand three hundred and thirty strikes occurred.

  1. China 1945-90 - source based questions.

    What is certain is that the international repercussions on the Chinese government were short-lived for all the noise. Certainly sanctions were quietly lifted as the US, Western Europe and Japan all realised that the Chinese market was far too big a prize to be jeopardised by grand political gestures.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    Since 1957 Russia had led the "space race". While the Americans landed on the moon, the Russians were building a space station that would take them to the far reaches of the solar system. As a byproduct, the Soviet Union was selling the cheap and reliable Proton rockets on world markets at a price some �10 million less than the European Ariane space project.

  1. No other figure in recent Russian history has received the amount of vilification and ...

    They were happiest when away from society and surrounded by the seclusion of their official residence at the Alexander Palace in Tsarskoe Selo. Within a year of their hasty wedding, the couple became parents to a plump little girl, the Grand Duchess Olga Nicholaievna.

  2. Analyse how far WW1 caused the Russian Revolution.

    (John Wright 18) The Tsar lost the support he had left on Bloody Sunday; several strikes and protests forced the Tsar to yield to their demands. (John Wright 19) The Tsar was able to gain back the support he lost when he issued The October Manifesto.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work