• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Stalin maintained his control over the Russian people during his leadership.

Extracts from this document...


How Stalin maintained his control over the Russian people during his leadership Stalin maintained leadership in the USSR in many ways. The events of the 1930s left Stalin as the unchallenged leader of the Soviet Union. Stalin had destroyed all opponents or political opponents in the 'Great Terror' or anybody who was a possible threat to him. He maintained control, by holding complete power of Work practices. Firstly he controlled the agricultural society by introducing collectivisation ( which I had already talked about in the second essay.) Collectivisation also gained control for Stalin, because he was able to gain control of the agricultural produce and sell it for the hard currency he desperately needed. However his plans were opposed by some. These were the Kulaks, so in 1929 he started eliminating all the Kulaks this was called 'The liquidation of the kulaks'. HE then controlled the Industrial society by introducing the five-plans which was a blueprint for the development of industry, agriculture, railways, canals, trade, energy, housing education and all the public services. Another way that Stalin held onto power was partly making examples of people when they had committed a crime. ...read more.


* Pulling the USSR into the 20th Century. The five year plans were partly to responsible for this. Failures * Unnecessary to have purges which crippled his army. * People were ruled by fear. * Secret Police (NKVD). * Freedom was restricted to a low level. The effect of propaganda in the Soviet union was tremendous. People were not allowed to think for themselves. Education served the purposes of the communist party. Pupils were taught the communist version of history even communist theories about science and evolution. Propaganda influenced almost every aspect of life, the radio, films newspapers and media everything was censored it all had to be approved by the state. These messages were everywhere in the streets and walls, the message that communism was the best and only way of life was hammered home repetitively. They were only allowed to produce material that showed the glorious achievements of communism. Stalin was also give the role of a 'God like figure' and that he is all mighty all powerful and all knowing. Stalin also maintained leadership by using purges to get rid of his rivals and to scare the scarred of. ...read more.


Friends and neighbours then cut of contact with them for fear of being accused of same crimes. And, in most cases, arrest by the NKVD came soon after.' When some of the most important Party members were arrested they were given maximum publicity. Those among the arrested were given 'show trials'. The first of these were 16 people including Zinoviev, Kamenev all of the defendants confessed to every accusation made against them because they had been promised before the trial that they would not be executed if they confessed. They were found guilty, and shot the day after. In other cases they were tortured into confessing or out of loyalty to the party. The purge of the party spread and became to be know as the Great Terror, it came to involve more than just the party. It spread to the army and many famous generals were shot dead, accused for spying. It soon spread to citizens and they were constantly denouncing each other. Civilians and neighbours soon found that they could settle old quarrels by denouncing them. By 1938 virtually the entire population was living in a state of terror; nobody knew whom it was safe to talk to. Farzin Dadashi History Coursework ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    They were treated more like slaves than workers. Anything that went wrong was blamed on the workers. The Shakhty trial was an accusation of fifty-three workers who supposedly conspired to wreck the soviet coal-mining industry. In fact, the coal mines in the Donbass region had fallen behind target but the system could not be seen as a failure so workers were blamed.

  2. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people' - ...

    In order to achieve his aims, he exported thousands of workers from all parts of the country and set up new factories as industrial centres for them to run in cities which had only heard of industrialisation. He enhanced the communication system by building new railways, canals and roads which

  1. Stalin and the Five-Year Plans.

    the women in his Five Year Plans because the ambitions of the Five Year Plans were so eminent that even women had to get employed into jobs in the USSR. This is very similarly to what Adolf Hitler did to his own country, Germany, where he employed women to carry

  2. In this essay I am going to asses the impact that Stalin had on ...

    Stalin then became the supreme leader of the USSR. Early in 1928 Stalin announced that the USSR was 2 million tones short of the minimum amount of grain needed for feeding the workers in the cities. In other words, there was going to be a famine in the cities.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work