• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful by 1939 had Stalin been in achieving his aims in the USSR?

Extracts from this document...


How successful by 1939 had Stalin been in achieving his aims in the USSR? SoMang Estha Yang. 12A 30th March 2004 History Essay How successful by 1939 had Stalin been in achieving his aims in the USSR? Stalin's objectives are easy to distinguish although the exact time of his ascension to autocracy was a gradual, indistinct one. Although from the same party, he differed considerably from his rivals, such as Trotsky's "Permanent Revolution being the antithesis to Stalin's "socialism in one country". Stalin's aims can be called the "Four faces of Stalinism," and, following the New Economic Policy, passed several Five Year Plans to industrialise and improve the economy. The next one of Stalin's aims was the ideological unification and the developing of the "Stalin cult". Stalin also wanted social mobility and a political reorganization using the purges to destroy politics. On the surface, most of Stalin's aims appeared to have been a success. However, it is hard to tell in Russia as official statistics were changed and any information strictly forbidden to the public. ...read more.


In the 1930s, official records and statistics were changed to disregard the undeniable effect the purges were having on the growth rate of the economy. Also, the Stalinists contradicted themselves as the only way to increase the production in agriculture was by allowing the workers to have privatised allotments and livestock. Also, there were great amounts of waste throughout the professions and the number of cattle fell dramatically between 1928-37. There were also reduced rights and standards of living. Absenteeism and laziness were severely punished, and food was rationed until 1935. Between 1928 and 1937, realm wages dropped by 39%. Also, new elites with privileges, often encouraged by party members, emerged and ranks were being re in forced Stalin focused on his cult and the culture, knowing that they can be influence to support the advancing of the economy. Literature and art, among other influential social aspects, all supported Communist ideology and values, yet the changing social hierarchy under Stalin can be seen from their growing partiality from the average worker to the skilled expert and manager, etc. ...read more.


Stalin's political purges, which had started in the 1920s with trying and eliminating the Mensheviks, "Old Bolshviks," who had been accused of "Trotskyism" and SRs became far more sinister. Stalin's purges had many different motives, yet he primarily instrumented the purges to consolidate his power, and the mounting international threats increased Stalin's paranoia as did his initial lack of power or favour with the Riutin Platform, as he rooted out enemies and eliminated potential opponents. Stalin also used the purges to get rid of disloyalty to him from within the party. However, once started, it is debatable that Stalin did not continuously orchestrate the purges as it gained an almost uncontrollable momentum of its own with the NKVD police and desperate accused members confessing in the hopes of leniency and protection for their loved ones. Combined with the show cases that Yezhov conducted, the list of possible suspects and other culprits due. By 1939, it is evident that Stalin had achieved his aims, economically, personally, socially and politically. They fact that he successfully accomplished these points that he had long since achieved his immediate short- term aim that enabled all the others to happen; to consolidate his power as the sole, autocratic and undisputed leader of Russia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    There were quite a few ways in which Russian life improved. All peasants in Russia were tutored and became literate and good with numbers, farmers were given tractors and other tools to help harvest their crop, almost everyone in Russia was given a job and successful workers were moved into

  2. How did Stalin transform the economy of the USSR in the 1930s?

    For instance, in Smolensk in 1929, the factory committee of cement works reported: 'every day there are many complaints about apartments: many workers have families of six and seven people, and live in one room.' * There was also a mounting crime problem in the cities.

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people' - ...

    a huge 95 million tons by 1940 when the second Five Year Plans were over. Above all, the result of these Five Year Plans was that it helped to nearly eliminate unemployment from Russia as there were enough industrial workplaces and hydroelectric power plants where people could work and living off.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    General Golovin reported on his negotiations with Winston Churchill in May 1919 concerning continued British military intervention as follows: "The question of giving armed support was for him the most difficult one; the reason for this was the opposition of the British working class to armed intervention´┐Ż" Mutinies in the

  1. To what extent was Stalin's economic policy successful? In the 1920's the soviet economy ...

    because surely grain figures should have skyrocketed by the way collectivisation was hyped by Stalin. 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 Grain 73.3 71.1 83.5 69.5 69.6 68.4 67.6 75.0 Cattle 70.5 67.1 52.5 47.9 40.7 38.4 42.4 49.3 Pigs 26.0 20.4 13.6 14.4 11.6 12.1 17.4 22.6

  2. How successful were Stalin's economic policies in the 1920s and 30s?

    Stalin's second five-year plan had an extra aim to the ones set in the first which was to create or import machine parts and other investment goods (such as tractors, lorries and cargo ships). Another distinguishing feature of this five-year plan was the distribution of medals to hardworking men as an incentive to others.

  1. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    In the Hundred Days, Roosevelt sent fifteen proposals to Congress and not one was refused. The Federal Emergency Relief Administration set about meeting the urgent needs of the poor. A sum of $500 million was spent creating soup kitchens, handing out blankets, creating employment schemes and nursery schools.

  2. Stalin was able to obtain total power in the USSR by the end of ...

    Commission, he controlled the Nomenkiatura list of authorized communists; therefore he could recommend people for jobs, promotions and expel members from the Party. And so he gained support from the people who wanted him to help them with their future prospects and the people who owed him favors.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work