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How successful by 1939 had Stalin been in achieving his aims in the USSR?

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Introduction

How successful by 1939 had Stalin been in achieving his aims in the USSR? SoMang Estha Yang. 12A 30th March 2004 History Essay How successful by 1939 had Stalin been in achieving his aims in the USSR? Stalin's objectives are easy to distinguish although the exact time of his ascension to autocracy was a gradual, indistinct one. Although from the same party, he differed considerably from his rivals, such as Trotsky's "Permanent Revolution being the antithesis to Stalin's "socialism in one country". Stalin's aims can be called the "Four faces of Stalinism," and, following the New Economic Policy, passed several Five Year Plans to industrialise and improve the economy. The next one of Stalin's aims was the ideological unification and the developing of the "Stalin cult". Stalin also wanted social mobility and a political reorganization using the purges to destroy politics. On the surface, most of Stalin's aims appeared to have been a success. However, it is hard to tell in Russia as official statistics were changed and any information strictly forbidden to the public. ...read more.

Middle

In the 1930s, official records and statistics were changed to disregard the undeniable effect the purges were having on the growth rate of the economy. Also, the Stalinists contradicted themselves as the only way to increase the production in agriculture was by allowing the workers to have privatised allotments and livestock. Also, there were great amounts of waste throughout the professions and the number of cattle fell dramatically between 1928-37. There were also reduced rights and standards of living. Absenteeism and laziness were severely punished, and food was rationed until 1935. Between 1928 and 1937, realm wages dropped by 39%. Also, new elites with privileges, often encouraged by party members, emerged and ranks were being re in forced Stalin focused on his cult and the culture, knowing that they can be influence to support the advancing of the economy. Literature and art, among other influential social aspects, all supported Communist ideology and values, yet the changing social hierarchy under Stalin can be seen from their growing partiality from the average worker to the skilled expert and manager, etc. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stalin's political purges, which had started in the 1920s with trying and eliminating the Mensheviks, "Old Bolshviks," who had been accused of "Trotskyism" and SRs became far more sinister. Stalin's purges had many different motives, yet he primarily instrumented the purges to consolidate his power, and the mounting international threats increased Stalin's paranoia as did his initial lack of power or favour with the Riutin Platform, as he rooted out enemies and eliminated potential opponents. Stalin also used the purges to get rid of disloyalty to him from within the party. However, once started, it is debatable that Stalin did not continuously orchestrate the purges as it gained an almost uncontrollable momentum of its own with the NKVD police and desperate accused members confessing in the hopes of leniency and protection for their loved ones. Combined with the show cases that Yezhov conducted, the list of possible suspects and other culprits due. By 1939, it is evident that Stalin had achieved his aims, economically, personally, socially and politically. They fact that he successfully accomplished these points that he had long since achieved his immediate short- term aim that enabled all the others to happen; to consolidate his power as the sole, autocratic and undisputed leader of Russia. ...read more.

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