• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful by 1939 had Stalin been in achieving his aims in the USSR?

Extracts from this document...


How successful by 1939 had Stalin been in achieving his aims in the USSR? SoMang Estha Yang. 12A 30th March 2004 History Essay How successful by 1939 had Stalin been in achieving his aims in the USSR? Stalin's objectives are easy to distinguish although the exact time of his ascension to autocracy was a gradual, indistinct one. Although from the same party, he differed considerably from his rivals, such as Trotsky's "Permanent Revolution being the antithesis to Stalin's "socialism in one country". Stalin's aims can be called the "Four faces of Stalinism," and, following the New Economic Policy, passed several Five Year Plans to industrialise and improve the economy. The next one of Stalin's aims was the ideological unification and the developing of the "Stalin cult". Stalin also wanted social mobility and a political reorganization using the purges to destroy politics. On the surface, most of Stalin's aims appeared to have been a success. However, it is hard to tell in Russia as official statistics were changed and any information strictly forbidden to the public. ...read more.


In the 1930s, official records and statistics were changed to disregard the undeniable effect the purges were having on the growth rate of the economy. Also, the Stalinists contradicted themselves as the only way to increase the production in agriculture was by allowing the workers to have privatised allotments and livestock. Also, there were great amounts of waste throughout the professions and the number of cattle fell dramatically between 1928-37. There were also reduced rights and standards of living. Absenteeism and laziness were severely punished, and food was rationed until 1935. Between 1928 and 1937, realm wages dropped by 39%. Also, new elites with privileges, often encouraged by party members, emerged and ranks were being re in forced Stalin focused on his cult and the culture, knowing that they can be influence to support the advancing of the economy. Literature and art, among other influential social aspects, all supported Communist ideology and values, yet the changing social hierarchy under Stalin can be seen from their growing partiality from the average worker to the skilled expert and manager, etc. ...read more.


Stalin's political purges, which had started in the 1920s with trying and eliminating the Mensheviks, "Old Bolshviks," who had been accused of "Trotskyism" and SRs became far more sinister. Stalin's purges had many different motives, yet he primarily instrumented the purges to consolidate his power, and the mounting international threats increased Stalin's paranoia as did his initial lack of power or favour with the Riutin Platform, as he rooted out enemies and eliminated potential opponents. Stalin also used the purges to get rid of disloyalty to him from within the party. However, once started, it is debatable that Stalin did not continuously orchestrate the purges as it gained an almost uncontrollable momentum of its own with the NKVD police and desperate accused members confessing in the hopes of leniency and protection for their loved ones. Combined with the show cases that Yezhov conducted, the list of possible suspects and other culprits due. By 1939, it is evident that Stalin had achieved his aims, economically, personally, socially and politically. They fact that he successfully accomplished these points that he had long since achieved his immediate short- term aim that enabled all the others to happen; to consolidate his power as the sole, autocratic and undisputed leader of Russia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    There were quite a few ways in which Russian life improved. All peasants in Russia were tutored and became literate and good with numbers, farmers were given tractors and other tools to help harvest their crop, almost everyone in Russia was given a job and successful workers were moved into

  2. How successful were Stalin's economic policies in the 1920s and 30s?

    The first stage of the Stalin's plan to achieve those two goals was to achieve collectivisation. This was a key word since it meant that all the private farms spread across Russia would become either a collective farm Kolkhoz) or a State farm (Sovkhoz).

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people' - ...

    Again, as time passed, the numbers of paintings, posters, poems and photographs of sculptures published to depict Stalin as an omnipotent superhuman dramatically increased to such as extent that there were greetings almost everyday from 21st December 1949 to August 1951.

  2. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    At the same time, Roosevelt's advisers had come up with a series of rules and regulations which would prevent the reckless speculation which contributed to the Wall Street Crash. The immediate action which Franklin D. Roosevelt took astounded most Americans and they began to think that Franklin D.

  1. what were the aims of collevtivisation, and to what extent were they achieved?

    25,000 police and Red Army Units confiscated grain and livestock to feed the cities meaning that it would become very hard for the peasants to resist. Also, Motor Tractor Stations were set up all over the country so that the collectives could hire machinery and have their grain collected and to mechanize farming on the whole.

  2. Source related questions on Joseph Stalin

    Teachers who were not good communists were also sacked. His final method was repression. He would use the MKVD to spy on people and had opponents executed or exiled for crimes they had not committed. From all of the above, you can understand the kind of leader Stalin was, and how he had no feelings for anyone but himself.

  1. To what extent was Stalin's economic policy successful? In the 1920's the soviet economy ...

    Khrushchev states: 'Stalin's brand of collectivisation brought nothing but brutality and misery'. This source is a quote from Khrushchev after Stalin's death. This is a source of good utility and reliability as it is said by Khrushchev after Stalin's death when he was in power so he could say what

  2. Stalin was able to obtain total power in the USSR by the end of ...

    Because Trotsky was so confident and assume that everyone would just accept him as the leader, he couldn?t be bothered to build his support base in the Central Committee. If he tried to build his support base, he would have succeeded as he was such a marvellous, intellectual speaker and had made so many contributions to the Party.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work