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How successful had the civil rights movement been by the late 1960's?

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Introduction

How successful had the civil rights movement been by the late 1960's? During the 1950s many improvements were made and the blacks Civil rights were getting much better; segregation had been banned in schools, active protest had been proved to work and spirits were high, but as the 1960s came along a new era started and people started to expect different things out of life. The Civil Rights movement was improving in some ways but not in others, but just how successful was it? In some aspects the black Americans rights to vote and take part in government improved, for example the voting rights Act of 1964 made it possible for the blacks to be legally equal when voting, although intimidation of one kind or another prevented most blacks from voting In the southern states. The blacks got a lot of support from the government in the 1960s and so many started voting, and so voted for Johnson to become president, who won the election by over 1/4 of a million votes. Unfair voting tests still existed before the voting rights act of 1965, even though the civil rights reform of 1963 and civil rights act of 1964 had already been passed. ...read more.

Middle

A busing policy was set up to try and get a mixed race of students in the classroom in the 1960s, but by the 1970s the busing policy was shown to be socially and logically too expensive to carry on and so had to be finished leaving the problem still there. Another area where the blacks had an unfair disadvantage was the fact that university was too expensive and many of the blacks were poor, as they could not get well paid jobs as they had not had a very good education. During the 1960s not many improvements were made in the way of job opportunities, although the civil rights act once again was set up to try and outlaw discrimination in employment. The blacks started to promote the black industry and by the 1970s many blacks had started to be employed for well skilled and trained jobs on the federal government job crops scheme, costing $255 million a year; the government started to help the blacks but the scheme was set up so that black people could only buy produce from other blacks as this was their own choice, but unlike segregation it was supposed to be fair. ...read more.

Conclusion

By the late 1960s nearly all protesting was violent and after Kings' Assassination, his work started to die out. Throughout the 1960s the Vietnam War was getting worse, more expensive and more and more blacks were becoming involved. There was quite a lot if improvement in the blacks civil rights in the time leading up to 1970. The main reason that the Civil Rights improved during this time was the fact that blacks all over the country started to stick up for what they believed in; took part in protests, started to become famous sports people, singers etc. This helped for the white to accept the black community and so pay more attention to the laws when they were passed. Once again the media attention helped to promote the black ideas through Muhammad Ali, Martin Luther King and other famous blacks. This put pressure on the government (as well as the active protesting) and so they had to try to sort out the Civil Rights. There are still problems today in America when it comes to black Civil Rights. Although many improvements were made many still occur and the problem is not yet sorted, surprisingly some aspects got worse in the 1960s but by 1970 the first step of a long, spiral staircase had been climbed. ...read more.

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