• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

By Jasmeet Singh How successful was the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s 18/5/02 In this coursework I am going talk about how successful the civil rights were in 1960's. In order to do this, firstly I will mention the Aims, what the blacks wanted to achieve. Then I will give examples such as the Sit-ins, March on Washington, the Black education and say whether it was successful or not. Finally I will finish of with the blacks achievement towards Civil Rights Movement Aims: The aims were to desegregate areas, stop discrimination, in terms of employing black people for jobs. Martin Luther King's aim was to fight non-violently and to make all the blacks and whites live together. One of the aims was to allow the blacks to vote, and to educate them. Sit Ins: In 1960, students established the sit-in as a form of protest, and soon sit-ins were held all over the nation. Groups like SNCC which is the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. SNCC was begun as a way to engage the youth, one of the most important groups in the civil rights movement. ...read more.

Middle

The march on Washington highlighted the achievements of the activists and gave particular attention to the work of Martin Luther King. The march was such a success that Over 400 members of Congress came out in support of the march. The Montgomery Bus Boycott: On 1 December 1955 a black woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a full Montgomery bus. Bus company policy dictated that black passengers fill seats from the back and white passengers fill seats from the front. Where the sections met, blacks were expected to give way to whites. The racist atmosphere on buses was strengthened by the attitude of the all-white driving staff, which was known to harass black passengers verbally, and sometimes physically. The Montgomery improvement association had a plan of action for the protest that was officially to begin on December 5. The decision basically stated three demands: (1) Blacks would not ride the buses until polite treatment by bus drivers were guaranteed to them, (2) Segregation must be abolished on buses, (3) The employment of black bus drivers. From day one, the bus boycott proved to be immediately successful. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1964 a more sweeping civil rights bill outlawed racial discrimination in public accommodations and by employers, unions, and voting registrars. Congress passed a voting rights bill in 1965. After 1965, the focus of the civil rights movement began to change. Martin Luther King focused on poverty and racial inequality in the North. Younger activists criticized his strategy. In 1968, King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. The main opponent of King's policies was SNCC, led by Stokely Carmichael. In 1968, the Black Panther Party emerged, using violence to achieve its goals. The Civil rights movement received even more support from those outside the Deep South. Many inhabitants of Birmingham itself now moved in the direction of desegregation. The Sit ins succeeded in getting number of public facilities. Segregation in public areas such as parks was largely abandoned. By the end of 1961, 810 towns and cities had desegregated public areas. However the Deep South remained largely unaffected. Here attitudes were hardening rather than softening. As mentioned before, not all things were perfect, but at least segregation was stopped. There was to be no discrimination on any federally aided programmes. Many changes had been made, in 1960s sit-ins took place. Freedom rites in 1961 and in 1963 the March in Birmingham, Alabama and finally the March on Washington took place. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful?

    He did do and make some changes however these like most changes were limited, and some didn't get passed or happen until after he died. In the summer of 1961 JFK and his brother, Robert F Kennedy had meetings with the SNCC, CORE and NAACP and devised the Voter education project to get black people to register and vote.

  2. The Civil Rights Movement Project

    Malcolm themselves, later that year his wife Betty gave birth to twin daughters. Malcolm X was a controversial civil rights campaigner who is now buried at the Ferndiff Cemetery in Hartsdale on New York. Civil Rights Legislation-1960's * 6 May 1960-Presidnt Eisenhower signed the Civil Rights Act into law *

  1. Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful?

    * The ending of Jim Crow Laws. This was aided by an end in segregated education and transport, but also by sit-ins. Sit-ins were popular non-violent opposition to segregation. Blacks refused to be forced to eat in only black restaurants and went to white ones as well.

  2. Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping ...

    Southern states which they felt were unequal, and won 3 cases between 1915-23. A major legal battle they fought was about segregation within schools, which the supreme courts said was acceptable as long as they were separate but equal. However after the NAACP researched money put into black schools compared

  1. For what reasons and with what success did black Americans fight for their Civil ...

    There are more recent events that caused the civil rights movement to gain momentum in the 1950's and 1960's. An explanation for this is WWII. A source that supports this is source A which shows that after the war, the law was changed to make any discrimination illegal.

  2. Civil Rights-Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in ...

    He felt that "Concerning non-violence, it is criminal to teach a man not to defend himself when he is the constant victim of brutal attacks." However, after a while he became less critical and became more accepting. Martin and Malcolm even met each other once.

  1. Civil Right's Coursework:

    The march presented a positive image of the movement and promoted sympathy for the cause of civil rights and was such a success that over 400 members of Congress came out in support of the march. By June 1963, 161 cities had been desegregated.

  2. Why did a campaign for civil rights emerge in the 1950s? The civil rights ...

    issued an executive order ending segregation in the armed forces (Tindall & Shi, 2004, p.1259). However, although the immediate post-war years were used by the civil right protesters in the USA as a form of embarrassing the federal government for the treatment of black Americans, by the end of the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work