• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was the League of Nations by 1929.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How successful was the League of Nations by 1929 By 1929, the League was not in clear success or failure. At sometimes the league looked like it was the answer to all world problems and at other times it looked like "a victor's club". The league passed through many situations which shaped its success and failures: * The Economic recovery of countries had reduced international tension so countries were less likely to fight. * However, the Wall Street crash and economic problems ended this and tension rose again. * Britain had a High unemployment rate and so didn't want to sort out other problems when it had enough at home. * Germany's Unemployment and poverty also was a problem and later led on to Nazis being elected. * USA was unwilling to support sanctions when its own trade is a mess. * Japan's Depression leads it to take over Manchuria (part of China). In view of the League's desire to end war, the only criteria that can be used to classify a success, was whether war was avoided and a peaceful settlement formulated after a crisis between two nations. The League experienced success in: Upper Silesia (1921) The Treaty of Versailles had given the people of Upper Silesia the right to have a referendum on whether they wanted to be part of Germany or part of Poland. ...read more.

Middle

The league helped in: * 400,000 Prisoners of War repatriated * Turkish refugee camps helped (1922) * Work against leprosy (extermination of mosquitoes) * Attacks on slave owners in Sierra Leone and Burma; Freed 200,000 slaves in Sierra Leone. * ILO (international labour organisation) successful in: Limiting children's working hours. Banning white lead from paint. Campaigning for improved working conditions. * Recommended marking shipping lanes. * Produced international Highway Code. * Challenged forced labour for railway building in Africa. After stating the success, the failures should be discussed to determine how successful the League was. Article 11 of the League's Covenant stated: "Any war of threat of war is a matter of concern to the whole League and the League shall take action that may safe guard peace." Therefore, any conflict between nations which ended in war and the victor of one over the other must be considered a League failure. Activity outside the League of Nations This is a sign that most countries relied, not on the League, but on separate treaties to keep them safe: * During the 1920s a number of international agreements were reached, mostly outside the League of Nations. * The two most important of these were the Locarno Treaties and the Kellogg-Brand Pact. The Locarno Treaties were signed in 1925. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, I would finish by measuring the League of Nations against its aims: * to stop war * to improve people's lives and jobs * to get disarmament * To enforce the Treaty of Versailles (oh yes - what about appeasement? German disarmament? Rhineland? Anschluss? reparations? TOTAL failure here, i think!) The first point was a total failure. WW2 broke out and one of Hitler's aims was to destroy the treaty of Versailles which was what the league was trying to impose. The league did succeed quite well in the second point were it did help with social issues as mentioned before. This was one good thing the league done. The third point was also a totally failure. Treaties were signed to limit armies, (the Washington conference), which was totally contradicting the league. The league said "disarmament" which meant NO armies. The fourth point was also a failure. The treaty of Versailles included the appeasement, German disarmament, Rhineland, Anschluss, and reparations. None of these was not subject to a change. All were tampered with n twisted to suit the strong countries that were looking for their own gain. I conclude by saying the League of Nations was quite a failure by 1929, apart from the social successes which were quite good. Maryam Ali ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    * There were 5 peace settlements in 1919. Why was Versailles more important than others ? Why was there so much opposition in Germany to the Treaty of Versailles ? * The Treaty of Versailles made Germany pay reparations. Is this why there was so much anger about Versailles in Germany ?

  2. How successful was the League of Nations in the 1920s.

    The League of Nations failure to disarm was made worse by two factors, firstly there were many peace initiatives that should have made it easier to disarm but the League of Nations still could not achieve disarmament. Secondly there was a real air of pacifism, a desire to avoid war in 1920.

  1. ATHENS & THE DELIAN LEAGUE

    Plutarch accounts that the Athenians were successful in abolishing this annoyance. Yet according to Thuydides 'they enslaved the inhabitants and colonized the island themselves'. Athenian cleruchy were settled there and used the island to their advantage. They watching over Athens' interests and used the island to solve the land shortage problem in the Athenian city of Attica.

  2. Why was the Abyssinian crisis a death blow to the league when the Manchurian ...

    as they were all the way around the other side of the world. The Chinese and Japanese were also at least in the same stage of technology where as the Italians were very much more advanced than the Abyssinians. The Abyssinians basically had spears and bows against the Italians planes and machine guns.

  1. The failure of the League of Nations

    called the 'Anglo-German navel agreement' which allowed Germany to build up its navy as long as it stayed under 35 per cent the size of the British navy. Britain did not consult the League of Nations about this or even its allies it was also in violation of the treaty of Versailles.

  2. The League of Nations

    This meant that countries like Japan and Italy were able to annex other countries without effective punishment.. It was through the leagues actions or lack there of that rulers like Hitler and Mussolini had no fear of the league and in fact gained in confidence and so held no fear when they did go to war.

  1. The League of Nations

    The League's home was in Geneva, Switzerland. The League was set up and based on a Covenant. The Covenant was a list of twenty-six rules, which each member of the League had to agree to. One of the main priorities of the League was to enforce and maintain the Treaty of Versailles.

  2. The League of Nations: Its achievements and its failures

    This lack of commitment led to the League?s demise. 2. The League?s Failure in the 1930s: Most historians have trouble agreeing on how successful the League of Nations was in the 1920s, but almost all agree that it was a failure in the 1930s.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work