• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was the League of Nations in the 1920's?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How successful was the League of Nations in the 1920's? After suffering the horrors of the First World War, many people wanted a long lasting peace and to ensure this happened, the League of Nations was formed with four main goals in mind. They were: to discourage aggression from any nation, to encourage countries to co-operate (especially in trade), to encourage nations to disarm and finally to improve living condition in all parts of the world. After comparing their successes and failings, one looks to see how well they achieved these goals and how successful they were in the 1920's. The league was successful with a number of border disputes that it resolved quickly and peacefully. Some of these would include the Upper Silesia dispute. The region (bordering Poland and Germany) had a rich iron and steel industry and with both countries wanting control over it, the league stepped in to resolve the dispute and held a plebiscite for the Silesian people. French and British troops were sent to keep order at the polling booths and in the end the industrials areas went to Germany, and the rural areas went to Poland. Both counties accepted this decision and many safeguards were built in to prevent future disputes. ...read more.

Middle

Despite its successes the League did have its failings. From the very start the League encountered difficulties when U.S.A refused to join, despite being Wilson's idea. This stressed the lack of confidence people had in the league at the start, especially the Americans, who were not convinced about its effectiveness and felt there country would be better off isolating themselves from the affairs of Europe. Furthermore, America's refusal to join the league meant that the way it dealt with aggression from other countries, by either economic sanctions or moral condemnation would be undermined as an aggressor could still continue trade with non members, such as the USA. Also without the backing of the most powerful country in the world, moral condemnation would not be as effective. The league also faced difficulties when it came to its most powerful members, Britain and France. After the war neither country was the world power it once was and neither had the resources to fill the gap left by USA. Also they had their own agendas and put them before the league. Britain was busy re-building trade and looking after its empires than concentrating on helping the international peace keeping force. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall, weather or not the league is deemed successful in the 1920's depends upon the importance of their successes and failings. Though they did resolve conflicts between countries, the fact of the matter is that neither country was a world power or important enough to cause much of an impact on the league's reputation. Despite this however the Leagues efforts for social and industrial improvement was commendable and made a big impact on world affairs. However, their failings were numerous ranging from their lack of involvement in important treaties (such as the Washington Treaty and the Dawes Plan), to the Vilna and Corfu crisis. Not to mention the fact that the USA didn't join despite being Wilson's idea. In addition to this, the main leaders Britain and France were also pre-occupied and acting in their own interests when really they should have taken on board a more global view. The league also never achieved its goal of Disarmament, and whenever there was move towards this goal, the league was not involved. In short, one can conclude that despite having successfully averted war between smaller countries and improving industrial and social conditions, the Leagues failings were far more serious and numerous for it to have been successful in the 1920's. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. How successful was the League of Nations in the 1920s.

    This was a disaster for the League of Nations as they had failed in their first case, this was probably when countries like Italy realised that they did not need to take the League's decisions seriously. It was a very bad first impression given by the League and a big part of the reason why the League was a failure.

  2. How successful was the league in the 1920's and 1930's?

    Another successful boarder dispute is the Aaland Islands in 1921; this is an island in the Baltic sea between Sweden and Finland. Both country's wanted this island and was ready to fight for it. The league was invited to decide who the islands should belong to.

  1. ATHENS & THE DELIAN LEAGUE

    By forcing Naxos back into the league, Athens took away its sense of self-government and tributes to the treasury had to continue on a compulsory basis. The revolt of Naxos in 469 BC proved to be a test case for Athens, showing the extent of her power and the extreme

  2. Why was the Abyssinian crisis a death blow to the league when the Manchurian ...

    as they were all the way around the other side of the world. The Chinese and Japanese were also at least in the same stage of technology where as the Italians were very much more advanced than the Abyssinians. The Abyssinians basically had spears and bows against the Italians planes and machine guns.

  1. The League of Nations

    Obviously the member countries didn't want either of these options but as treaty was seen as unfair something had to be done to try and rectify it. In the end nothing decisive was done and Germany pulled out of the conference and re-armed anyway.

  2. Was the League of Nations a Success in the 1920's?

    Britain did not disarm because they needed their navy. So Britain did not sign the Treaty of Guarantee. As for America they did not disarm because they were not in the League of Nations. There was some concern though with avoiding conflict in the Far East so the League of Nations made up some treaties.

  1. The League of Nations in the 1920's - Success or Failure?

    Physical sanction: military force would be used. But, there was no army that the League could summon directly. They had to be pulled from a country's army, and no country HAD to give an army. Now, the League did have successes.

  2. To what extent was the League of Nations successful in the 1920s?

    In 1920 a Polish army took over it. Lithuania appealed to the League as they were both members of the League. Even after the League protesting to Poland they wouldn?t back down. The League should have sent troops out to sort out the issues in Vilna but France didn?t want to upset Poland and Britain wouldn?t act alone.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work