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How successful was the League of Nations in the 1920s.

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Introduction

How successful was the League of Nations in the 1920s The League of Nations was a failure in they 1920s but it did have some successes. The main reason for its failure was that it could not control the major powers for example Italy in Corfu. The League of Nations was split into two main parts, the assembly and the council. The assembly was like a parliament every member of the League sends a representative to the assembly that met once a year. The main powers of the assembly were admitting new members to the league, appointing temporary members to the council and deciding the budget of the League of Nations. The council met five times a year and also in emergencies. There were two types of members of the council permanent (Britain, France, Italy and Japan) and temporary (3 years). The council would elect temporary members. When voting the permanent members had a Veto of all decisions. The council was able to issue the three steps of action against countries. These steps were first Moral condemnation this was giving a judgement and verbal warning to the countries involved, the second step is Economic sanctions this when the countries in the league would stop trading with the guilty country and the final step was Military sanctions this was sending troops in to the offending countries. The council had a lot more than the assembly. There were some problems with this set-up of the league firstly the council could be slow to meet in an emergency and also if a country was not elected to the council they had little power. ...read more.

Middle

This seemed to be a success but Mussolini used his influence on the assembly to change the council's decision. The Greeks now had to apologise and pay compensation. This was disastrous for the league as Mussolini was able to undermine their authority. The League of Nations showed that they could not control the major powers. Another factor towards the League of Nations being a failure was when they had a chance to improve the League with the Geneva Protocol, a contract that says that members had to obey the decision of the League of Nations. This contract confirmed that the League was failing, as if there wasn't a problem with the league and countries were obeying it then a contract would not be needed. The contract never came in to place any way as the British government was too selfish to sign the Geneva Protocol as it may not be in its best interests to be agreeing with the League all the time. Greece attacked Bulgaria in 1925. The League of Nations stepped in and ordered Greece to withdraw. The Greeks did but they did complain saying that there was one rule for large nations such as Italy and another one for smaller countries like themselves. This shows that many nations felt that the larger nations could do what they liked so the League was a failure. The league did do some good work in the fields of Refugees, Working conditions, Health, Transport and social problems. ...read more.

Conclusion

was another committee of the League of Nations. They worked to defeat the dreaded disease leprosy. They also started a global campaign to exterminate mosquitoes; this had a huge impact on cases of malaria and yellow fever in later decades. Even the USSR took the health committees advice on preventing the plague in Siberia and they were opposed to the League of Nations. So overall on health the League of Nations was a success dealing with many deadly illnesses very effectively. Another area of success for the League of Nations was transport. The league made recommendations on marking shipping lanes. Also they wrote the first international Highway Code for road users, which would have saved many lives on the roads. The League of Nations did a lot of work in solving social problems in the world. The league blacklisted four large German, Dutch, French and Swiss countries, which were involved in the illegal drugs trade. The League of Nations organised the freeing of 200,000 slaves in British owned Sierra Leone. It organised raids against slave owners and traders in Burma. The League of Nations challenged the use of forced labour to build the Tanganyika railway in Africa, where the death rate among the African stood at a massive fifty percent. Through League of Nations pressure this figure was brought down to four percent still too high but a good achievement by the league. In conclusion the League of Nations was a failure in th1920s as it couldn't control major powers such as Italy and it could not achieve disarmament at all, although there were some good successes by the league like their work on Health, refugees and working conditions. Brendan Thorne ...read more.

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