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How successful was the League of Nations?

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Introduction

How successful was the League of Nations? The League of Nations was successful in its peacekeeping efforts to a very small extent as it had more cases of failures than successes. An example of a failure of the League of Nations was when Britain and France invaded the Ruhr in 1923. After Germany had failed to make a reperation instalment in 1922, Britain and France believed that some sort of strong action was needed to teach Germany a lesson. Contrary to League rules, Britain and France invaded the Ruhr, which was Germany's most important industrial zone. Both these countries were senior League members, yet there were clearly breaking the League rules. ...read more.

Middle

However, Japan just walked out of the conference and completed their conquest of Manchuria. The League obviously failed on this occasion as it was reluctant to use collective security or economic sanctions. France did not want to send its troops to the Far East of Europe and nobody wanted to impose a trade boycott of Japan as they were still suffering from the economic trauma of the Great Depression. On this occasion, the desire to protect their own self-interest caused the League to fail. Due to the League's failure to stop Japan's conquest of Manchuria, Mussolini attacked Abyssinia in 1935 to build its new Italian empire. ...read more.

Conclusion

On this occasion, there was a successful resolution of a territorial dispute through peaceful means and solution appeased both countries and proved to be long lasting. Another success of the League of Nations was the Greek-Bulgarian crisis from 1928-1936. After fighting on the border, Bulgaria took a few kilometres of Greek territory. As Greece had a strong army, they advanced 5km into Bulgaria. After Bulgaria's appeal to the League, the League acted firmly and called for a cease-fire. They used the threat of economic sanctions backed by the successful naval demonstration to pressure Greece. In this case, the threat of economic sanctions was effective as Greece gave in because it risked having its economy badly hit. This was a case of the League acting firmly in dictating peace terms to small states. ...read more.

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