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How successful was the New Deal ?

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Introduction

How successful was the New Deal ? The New Deal, introduced by Franklin .D. Roosevelt, was a set of actions which attempted to aid America in re-establishing it's economy, helping people get jobs, earn wages and return America to the boom of the 1920's. The New Deal was neither a plan nor a set of ideas but more the public opinion of the time amalgamated into legislation. The New Deal attempted to provide Relief, Recovery and Reform for the American people and was split into 2 parts. The New Deal was introduced for several reasons, however its first use was to gain Roosevelt victory in the 1932, Presidential election. His ideas for a federal hands on approach appealed to the public more than the rugged isolationistic stance of Hoover. The New Deal was also introduced to boost public morale, by getting people jobs, as 1 in 4 were unemployed. It also intended to combat the depression and the severe economic slow-down of the American market, and furthermore to save democracy both from the rich and from totalitarian parties trying to gain power. ...read more.

Middle

The reasons for the setting up the NRA was to promote work by improving conditions and to help industry by giving a blue eagle stamp for companies who followed the NRA code of conduct. To aid the poor, Roosevelt formed the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (1933), which gave cash directly to the poor, the Civil Works Administration, a group similar to the CCC and who provided 4 million temporary jobs and also the Works Progress Administration (1935) which again was jobs for the unemployed and who built airports, schools, hospitals etc. and received some pay. Furthermore to help the elderly, he passed the Social Security Act (1935) which gave the elderly pensions. It also created an unemployment insurance scheme. Roosevelt was also an adamant supporter of the unions and so gave employees the right to bargain with employers and the National Labour Relations Board was formed to which employees could officially complain to. Finally, the Tennessee Valley Authority was created (1933), an organization controlling the development of 41,000 sq miles. They built hydro-electric dams and sold the power cheaply to local farmers and industry. ...read more.

Conclusion

Social security legislation helped those who were unemployed and the elderly by putting the responsibility on the state to look after them. Reform of working hours, pay and conditions as well as control of crop output became accepted practice and the TVA greatly aided the area it controlled. The skills that men learnt in the CCC were sought after by employers and so improved the quality of the workforce. However the New Deal didn't care for the agricultural labourers nor did the contradictory banking and economic policies help banks. Labour Laws, such as the Wagner act, not only meant a loss in profits for employers as their employees had to be paid more but also increased striking over disputes. Finally many republicans and businessmen argued that State intervention sapped independence and enterprise. In conclusion I would argue that the New Deal was beneficial for the American people as not only did it provide long term reform but also returned confidence in the government, democracy and the economy to the American people. Roosevelt provided quick and effective relief for the situation and laid the base for recovery and reform, especially through his introduction of a more bureaucratic Federal Government. Edward Ho Page 1 5/2/2007 ...read more.

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