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How successful were the methods used by the civil rights movement in the period from 1957-1965?

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Introduction

February 04 How successful were the methods used by the civil rights movement in the period from 1957-1965? In order for the assessment of whether the methods used by the civil rights movement were successful between 1957-65 the methods used prior to this period need to be addressed. The main method used prior to 1957 was litigation through the Supreme Court and was motivated primarily by the NAACP. Cases such as SWEATT V PAINTER, PLESSY V FERGUSON, and in the case that virtually overturned the separate but equal ruling- BROWN in 1954. On the surface the ruling against segregation in education seemed extremely successful however there were obvious problems. The Supreme Court was unable to set a time ratio, by which desegregation should be achieved, highlighting their lack of power in enforcing the rulings. ...read more.

Middle

King; black activist organisations support remained constant throughout the movement as in 1960 the SNCC and sit-ins gained a little support from whites which began to emerge as a result of this. However the NAACP favored litigation but as before this method had been to some extent successful. It began to fail as in cases such as Birmingham and Alabama. There was a need for an alternative to be created and so a Christian based organisation- the SCLC seemed to offer a new way forward but also was the most likely not to be so heavily critisised due to its nature. By 1961, King attempted to gain success by testing Supreme Court rulings against interstate transport and facilities, by the Freedom Rides. This gained white violence as expected which highlighted injustices. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another crucial realisation was made as a result of the Albany 'disaster' and it was the importance to focus on a main aim rather than to address all aspects of segregation. By 1963 a new method was attempted, a stress on the importance to concentrate on one main feature proved a great success in Birmingham as the event attracted a great deal of media attention. However the way by which this was done is a very controversial issue as it manipulated scenes of black children being sprayed with high-pressure fire hoses. This could be seen to be inappropriate but it did provide a way of attracting a lot of attention to the movement. Birmingham was a place of violence and disruption, which was not aided by the police chef Connor who advocated this chaos. The methods used here were mainly aimed at promoting legislation in the civil rights movement. ...read more.

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