• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful were the USA and USSR in showing their dominance over the other?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How successful were the USA and USSR in showing their dominance over the other? During the cold war 1945-1991, the USA and USSR tried to show their dominance over in a range of different ways. However, the question suggests that they may not have always been successful in achieving this aim. The Term 'cold war' was first used by an American banker in 1947 to describe the aggression that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union. By 'cold', it meant that the two opposing countries were doing all they could to harm and destroy each other without actually using their armed forces creating a 'hot' war. Causing the tension between the opposing sides was a policy that the US was using, to prevent the spread of Communism abroad, called Containment. ...read more.

Middle

For example, the USA backed Israel and the Soviet Union backed Egypt in the wars in the Middle East. They gave help to opposing sides in civil wars.. The Americans used armed force to get rid of pro-soviet governments in countries close to the US, such as Cuba. The Soviet Union used armed force to stop rebellions against pro-soviet governments in nearby countries such as Hungary. As tensions were rising, so was the competition between the two countries. One seemed to follow the other in the exact same way, for example: The arms race: 1952: the USA exploded its first H-bomb and started building long-range bomber aircrafts. In 1953, in the same way, the Soviet Union exploded its first H-bomb and started building long range missiles. ...read more.

Conclusion

The US President Roosevelt died in 1945. He was replaced by Truman who was strongly anti-Communist and, as the war came to an end, the stop the Vietcong guerrillas. Eventually had to retreat from Vietnam achieving nothing. When Castro came to power, however, he nationalised American companies in Cuba. In retaliation, the Americans stopped all aid to Cuba, and all imports of Cuban sugar. This was a blow to Castro as sugar was the mainstay of the Cuban economy. Castro was forced to look to the USSR for help, and, in 1960, the USSR signed an agreement to buy 1 million tonnes of Cuban sugar every year. Castro, who had not been a Communist when he took power, became a Communist. They finally got weapons, very close to USA, could have destroyed America, missiles from Russia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    There are also other reasons for the government's unpopularity "grievances which go back to the early 1920s". This is corroborated to a certain extent by Shevardnandze who "described how the injustices of the Stalin era had generated hostility to Moscow" (CW P384).

  2. Explain why the USA and the Soviet Union did not trust eachother after the ...

    He stated that the only way out was a fight to the death between the communists and the capitalists. This was a kick in the teeth for the USA who now fully new that Stalin could not be trusted. In effect of the Long telegram on the 12th of March

  1. How the vietnam war affected america

    They were also very hard to find as they did not wear any uniform, making it easier for them to blend in with the innocent civilians. American soldiers also could not adjust to what had happened in Vietnam to them going into America, in such a short space of time.

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    a war with Cuba and perhaps the USSR and there's also no guarantee that all the sites would be destroyed * He could blockade Cuba with the American Navy where no Russian ships are allowed through. This would limit the pressure and the USSR wold be forced to fire the first shot to break the blockade.

  1. How did the Red scare and McCarthyism become such a dominant force in the ...

    Unfortunately for him, it did not work out so, and the USA, cleverly decided to fly in supplies to the Germans. These planes were not met by attacks, and so this continued for six months, after which Stalin decided that there was no point in carrying on with the blockade.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    This strengthened their relation. Another reason was because of the Bay of Pigs incident in 1961. Kennedy attempted to use Cuban rebels to overthrow Castro. However, Castro was prepared for this attack and his troops easily outnumbered Kennedy?s exiles. Castro was victorious and was made to look even stronger.

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Soviet Union agreed and, consequently, made the Helsinki Agreements. ------------------------------------------ Salt 1 ---------------------------------------- Talks in Helsinki and Vienna made, over the course of three years, the first SALT agreement in May 1972. There was no restrictions on development but it was a step in the right direction. Agreements: 1.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    - For the USSR in particular, the arms race was enormously wasteful, undermining the economy and contributing to its eventual collapse. Nuclear Strategies and Policies in the 1960s * Closely linked to policies of two superpowers * 1940s - US hoped that its nuclear weapons could make up for the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work