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How Useful is the site-evidence and other sources for telling us about the Elizabethan Range at Carlisle Castle?

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Introduction

How Useful is the site-evidence and other sources for telling us about the Elizabethan Range at Carlisle Castle? In 1990 a very detailed survey was conducted called 'Carlisle Castle: A survey and Documentary History' by MR McCarthy, HRT Summerson and RG Annis. This survey due to the amount of detail and depth of the survey is very reliable. This survey talks about the existence of an 'Elizabethan Range' which ran from the keep to Regimental Museum, formally the Medieval Palace and along the City-facing wall. On-site evidence shows a vertical line a rough stone-work down the corner of the Regimental Museum this rough stonework shows that something has been 'knocked off', that another wall had previously been joined on. This wall ran from the Medieval Palace to the Keep. Other on-site evidence is 4 blocked up fireplaces along the inside of the City-facing wall which would have been the back-wall of the Elizabethan Range. There are 4 blocked up fireplaces and what appears to be a blocked up oven, these fireplaces and oven suggest that the Elizabethan Range was used as a kitchen. ...read more.

Middle

"The characteristics of the masonry... suggest that [the fireplaces] are medieval rather than Tudor." The Elizabethan Range was built around 1577, so some of the fireplaces that have been blocked up were built before the Elizabethan Range. Other evidence that the Elizabethan Range is a reconstruction is 'Garnforth's Map' from 1545 which shows a building running from the Keep to the Medieval Palace this may have been the beginning of the Elizabethan Range but more likely it was a previous building. Another plan done of the castle in 1550 by an unknown artist also shows a building running from the keep to the Medieval Palace, these two maps back each other up making them reliable. This evidence tells us that the Elizabethan Range was a reconstruction of a previous unknown building and that the Elizabethan Range was probably a kitchen. On the wall adjacent to the Keep is a plaque erected in 1577 it says that 'Queen Elizabeth erected this work at her own expense while Lord Scrope was Warden of the West March.' ...read more.

Conclusion

Although Nutter's painting does back up Carlyle's however Nutter probably copied Carlyle's painting due to the outstanding similarities plus Nutter haa previously copied Carlyle's' work and because the Elizabethan no longer existed when Nutter painted the Long Hall and Elizabethan Range. On the other hand they are both primary sources and done by reliable artists so overall they're reliable. The paintings are useful for telling us about the Elizabethan Range because they prove the existence of the Elizabethan Range, show us some details about the Elizabethan Range, tell us where it was situated and indicate that the upper two floors were added later. The site evidence is useful because it tells us where the Elizabethan Range was situated, that is was probably a kitchen and that is was probably a reconstruction. Garnforth's Map and the Anonymous Map are useful because they prove that the Elizabethan Range was a reconstruction. I think that the Paintings are the most useful because they tell us the most about the Elizabethan Range however the site evidence is useful for backing up the paintings. The paintings do not tell us however that the Elizabethan Range was a reconstruction. Word Count: 905 ...read more.

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