• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How was Hitler able to win Power by 1933?

Extracts from this document...


How was Hitler able to win Power by 1933? Hitler became Chancellor in 1933. Incidents ranging post WWI, from 1919 to 1932, influenced Hitler's rise to power such as hyperinflation and the 'Wall Street Crash'. But it was also his qualities as a public speaker and his natural charisma that allowed him to influence so many people. In 1923 Hitler and the Nazi Party attempted to take over the Bavarian government by force. Telling the audience that the Munich Putsch was taking place and the National Revolution had began. Hitler was arrested and imprisoned he spent his free time writing 'Mein Kampf', a manifesto/autobiography. Once released from prison Hitler decided to seize power democratically rather than violence; "destroy democracy with the weapons of democracy" Hitler had said. Hitler spoke to scores of mass audiences, calling for the German people to resist the yoke of Jews and Communists, and to create a new empire which would rule the world for 1,000 years. In the supposed 'Golden Age' of Weimar the Nazi party only won 12 seats to the Reichstag in the election in 1928, but there where gains in rural areas. It was also in that year, that the Nazi Party nearly went bankrupt (because of spending on street parades and public rallies) ...read more.


Again in 1920, after the failure of the Kapp Putsch, a paramilitary group called the Red Army rebelled in the Ruhr. Once again Hitler was able to turn what could become a threat to the party into an advantage he began blaming the communists for Germanys problems thus damaging the plausibility of the Communist ideals. But Hitler himself had used Socialist ideas in the famous '25 points' document in 1920 (in reality both socialism and communism both stem from Marxism, a political philosophy he was known to hate). The Communists though where confined to the working classes while the Nazi's views where shared by both the working and middle classes "Hold out your hand, German working men! The day of freedom is coming, if only you want it! Adolf Hitler is showing you the way!" This was a quote by Joseph Goebbels (Hitler's propaganda minister) in a speech where he attacks Marxism, claiming it is in league with the Jews. Posters, leaflets, radio and film, and organised rallies where used as propaganda for the Nazi party. The Nazi party and Hitler himself where infamously anti-Semitic, Hitler blamed Germany's long term troubles (such as hyperinflation, political instability and unemployment) on 'The Jew'. Hitler and his propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels speeches and propaganda linked communism to the Jewish race consequently making the Communist party a root of 'evil', many people in Germany where fearful of a communist regime takeover so many began to support the opposing extreme party (the Nazi's). ...read more.


Their share of the vote fell from 230 seats to only 196 (it is said that Hitler may have contemplated suicide during this time). Hitler demanded to be made chancellor. Again, Hindenburg refused. However, this time the army via General Kurt von Schleicher, informed Hindenburg that any continuation of von Papen's leadership could lead to civil war. It was made clear to the elderly President that the army did not support von Papen. As a result of this, Hindenburg appointed von Schleicher chancellor who was not prepared for the chancellorship. Hindenburg gave in as Hitler was the only one with the drive and sincerity left to be able to take on the role of Chancellor. On 30th January 1933, Hitler was summoned to Hindenburg's chambers and sworn in as chancellor. Hindenburg reluctantly gave into Hitler; he believed he could control him and force him to accept his own conservative opinions. So Hitler was given power he did not take it. In conclusion Hitler was able to 'win' power in the elections and persuade an entire nation to conform to his beliefs and prejudices. But because of the stubborn nature of the Weimar constitution he was only able to gain the role as 'Chancellor' once President Hindenburg had been persuaded, by not only Hitler but his allies and financial backers. But it also must be noted that the conditions which allowed Hitler to rise into power coincided with Germany's economic and financial collapse. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How significant was Nazi Propaganda in maintaining Hitler in power in the years ...

    Schemes such as 'Beauty of Labour' were designed to promote the idea of better working practices for Germans, and the idea that conditions were going to improve in the workplace. Other schemes such as the 'Strength Through Joy', scheme organised leisure activities for the German labour force.

  2. To what extent was the backstairs intrigue responsible for Hitler being able to take ...

    The German economy suffered most from the loss of foreign investment- 'its dependence upon foreign short term loans ensured that the impact would be extraordinary severe.'(12). It took the Great Depression -- which hit Germany harder than any than any other nation -- to turn Nazism into a true mass movement.

  1. Why were Hitler and the Nazi Party able to come to power in 1933, ...

    This is due to proportional representation. No party won the 51% majority needed to run the country on its own. Instead, they had to form a coalition government. These changed on average twice a year, with the longest government lasting a mere two years.

  2. Between 1933 and 1945 Hitler and the Nazi Part were successful in their creation ...

    The source, of which we know nothing on how it was delivered, was either written or spoken in 1936, when a shortage of labor seemed to be forcing women to return to the workfield, the source would therefore be likely to be have appeared in the media to persuade the

  1. On 30th January 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor and Von Papen was appointed Vice-Chancellor, ...

    No-one could agree on anything, so Hindenburg (who was then still President) had to rule by emergency decree, which did not have to be approved by the Reichstag. Next Von Papen took over from Hindenburg and then in December 1932, Von Papen was succeeded by Von Schleicher.

  2. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    Therefore, the party changes prior to 1929 were the most important issues in Hitler's rise to power as it made people aware of the Nazis so that they could increase support in any future crisis. The unemployment levels during the economic depression rose to 5.6 million and a lot more people were affected directly because of this.

  1. Essay Plan. How was Hitler able to achieve power in 1933?

    Proportional voting made it impossible to have a majority in the Reichstag. Longest govt lasted only two years. The political chaos caused many to lose faith in the new political system. Army not under full government control After hyperinflation of 23, Germany went into a period of economic stability under Gustav Stresemann.

  2. Nazi Germany - who supported Hitler and how did he become a dictator?

    However, they were both very mistaken. 2. Quite the contrary to what one might think, few people thought Hitler would hold onto power for long. And even fewer thought he would be supreme dictator of Germany by the summer of 1934.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work