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How was Hitler able to win Power by 1933?

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Introduction

How was Hitler able to win Power by 1933? Hitler became Chancellor in 1933. Incidents ranging post WWI, from 1919 to 1932, influenced Hitler's rise to power such as hyperinflation and the 'Wall Street Crash'. But it was also his qualities as a public speaker and his natural charisma that allowed him to influence so many people. In 1923 Hitler and the Nazi Party attempted to take over the Bavarian government by force. Telling the audience that the Munich Putsch was taking place and the National Revolution had began. Hitler was arrested and imprisoned he spent his free time writing 'Mein Kampf', a manifesto/autobiography. Once released from prison Hitler decided to seize power democratically rather than violence; "destroy democracy with the weapons of democracy" Hitler had said. Hitler spoke to scores of mass audiences, calling for the German people to resist the yoke of Jews and Communists, and to create a new empire which would rule the world for 1,000 years. In the supposed 'Golden Age' of Weimar the Nazi party only won 12 seats to the Reichstag in the election in 1928, but there where gains in rural areas. It was also in that year, that the Nazi Party nearly went bankrupt (because of spending on street parades and public rallies) ...read more.

Middle

Again in 1920, after the failure of the Kapp Putsch, a paramilitary group called the Red Army rebelled in the Ruhr. Once again Hitler was able to turn what could become a threat to the party into an advantage he began blaming the communists for Germanys problems thus damaging the plausibility of the Communist ideals. But Hitler himself had used Socialist ideas in the famous '25 points' document in 1920 (in reality both socialism and communism both stem from Marxism, a political philosophy he was known to hate). The Communists though where confined to the working classes while the Nazi's views where shared by both the working and middle classes "Hold out your hand, German working men! The day of freedom is coming, if only you want it! Adolf Hitler is showing you the way!" This was a quote by Joseph Goebbels (Hitler's propaganda minister) in a speech where he attacks Marxism, claiming it is in league with the Jews. Posters, leaflets, radio and film, and organised rallies where used as propaganda for the Nazi party. The Nazi party and Hitler himself where infamously anti-Semitic, Hitler blamed Germany's long term troubles (such as hyperinflation, political instability and unemployment) on 'The Jew'. Hitler and his propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels speeches and propaganda linked communism to the Jewish race consequently making the Communist party a root of 'evil', many people in Germany where fearful of a communist regime takeover so many began to support the opposing extreme party (the Nazi's). ...read more.

Conclusion

Their share of the vote fell from 230 seats to only 196 (it is said that Hitler may have contemplated suicide during this time). Hitler demanded to be made chancellor. Again, Hindenburg refused. However, this time the army via General Kurt von Schleicher, informed Hindenburg that any continuation of von Papen's leadership could lead to civil war. It was made clear to the elderly President that the army did not support von Papen. As a result of this, Hindenburg appointed von Schleicher chancellor who was not prepared for the chancellorship. Hindenburg gave in as Hitler was the only one with the drive and sincerity left to be able to take on the role of Chancellor. On 30th January 1933, Hitler was summoned to Hindenburg's chambers and sworn in as chancellor. Hindenburg reluctantly gave into Hitler; he believed he could control him and force him to accept his own conservative opinions. So Hitler was given power he did not take it. In conclusion Hitler was able to 'win' power in the elections and persuade an entire nation to conform to his beliefs and prejudices. But because of the stubborn nature of the Weimar constitution he was only able to gain the role as 'Chancellor' once President Hindenburg had been persuaded, by not only Hitler but his allies and financial backers. But it also must be noted that the conditions which allowed Hitler to rise into power coincided with Germany's economic and financial collapse. ...read more.

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