• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How would you describe the emergence and meaning of Eurocentrism in relation to European imperialism?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How would you describe the emergence and meaning of Eurocentrism in relation to European imperialism? Imperialism can be dated as far back as the late 15th century while eurocentrism is a fairly modern concept, yet there is a link between the two. This essay will set out to investigate the relationship, which exists between imperialism and eurocentrism. Firstly, the historical occurrence of imperialism and the effects that this development had will be examined. Secondly, the phenomenon of eurocentrism will be explored. The significance and the progression of this concept will be looked at in detail, using Samir Amin's interpretation of eurocentrism as an example. The essay will then discuss the connection between the two. Imperialism is a subject, which has numerous definitions, although the meanings can be interpreted as having similar outlooks. It can be described as 'the domination of colonial by more developed countries' (Marshall, 1998) or the practice by which powerful nations or peoples seek to extend and maintain control or influence over weaker nations or peoples. Imperialism is often used as a synonym for colonialism and the two can usually be interchanged. Colonialism refers to the 'establishment by more developed countries of formal political authority over areas of Asia, Africa, Australasia and Latin America...it is usually (but not necessarily) accompanied by the settling of White populations in these territories, the exploitation of local economic resources for metropolitan use, and sometimes both together' (Marshall, 1998). Scholars usually distinguish between the two, reserving colonialism for instances where one country assumes political control over another and using imperialism more broadly to refer to political or economic control exercised either formally or informally, directly or indirectly, politically or economically. ...read more.

Middle

An army and a centralised bureaucracy were maintained by the Company in order to rule their colonial subjects. This infrastructure required the company to tax their subjects heavily. As the colonial cities grew and Indian migrants moved in from the country, they were forced to dwell in cramped and crowded quarters known as the "black towns" while Europeans lived in the luxurious enclaves which surrounded the Company's fort. India was expected to serve the interests of a rapidly industrialising Britain and became an essential market for British textiles while exporting raw cotton. As well as altering the Indian economy, the colonial powers were also determined to imprint their own culture and values onto the Indian society. An employee of the Company criticised the backwardness of indigenous social practices and cultural traditions while an official dealing in education policies declared that a single shelf in any Western library would consist of a greater amount of knowledge than the Persian and Sanskrit texts. Muslim social practices were also to be altered through the legislation and the introduction of European education. An example of this included the proposed banning of sati - a practice entailing the burning of a woman on the funeral pyre of her dead husband. These proposed changes and legislations aimed to result in a 'new and improved' Indian class, which would be Indian in colour and blood yet, hold English tastes and culture. The paragraphs above have given concrete examples of imperialism in the two stages which have been detailed, but the question still remains: what was the ideologies behind this practice? ...read more.

Conclusion

No doubt this led Europeans for centuries to absorb unconsciously from their atlases the idea that this was somehow the natural order of things...Mercator (a cartographer) helped his own civilisation to take what is now called a 'Eurocentric' view of the world' (Hall, 1993, 326). Eurocentrism existed in the times of imperialism, although no one had given this ideology a name. Samir Amin discusses the emergence of eurocentrism as appearing in the same period of the Renaissance, this was a time when Europeans developed superiority and capitalism began to develop. The capitalist world systems enabled Europe to act on their belief that they could conquer empires and impose their global vision, which was supposedly universal (Amin, 1988, p73). Sayyid claims that even with the ending of empire, the logic of eurocentrism is the invisible empire, which keeps the 'Rest' in its place. It could be argued that structures such as the World Bank and the IMF are part of this invisible empire. Western power over the 'other' lies in these configurations. In conclusion, imperialism was a major European configuration, which permeated most of the globe. Europe's culture and ideas were taken on in their colonisations although this was not welcome in many cases. Eurocentrism remains a legacy in this period. To describe the emergence and meaning of eurocentrism in relation to imperialism would be to describe it as an ongoing chapter of imperialism. Although imperialism has been formally ended, eurocentrism remains to serve as its keeper. Ideas of superiority, 'otherness' and stereotypical views of the world outside the West continue to act as an assumed universal knowledge just as imperialism purported to do. So through the ideology of eurocentrism imperialism still lingers. Social Theory, Modernity and the Industrial Age 0205866 SO202 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Effects of Darwinism on European Society

    (Lualdi, 169). Darwin did not believe that creationism was a serious explanation about how humanity was created, and its popularity is only due to the fact that it has been implanted in our minds since birth.

  2. Submarines essay

    On the A1 there were no toilets so they had to go over board which in our days is illegal. Britain as a nation could improve the A class as they found it was a success. Now the rush to build submarines was to start hugely.

  1. The Impacts of crusades on European and Middle Eastern Historical development.

    Oldenbourg writes, " bound to the soil as farmer, shepherd, and hunter, the medieval peasants lived to the rhythm of the season...Medieval Society and society before the Crusades in particular was divided into clearly defined classes and the society offered little to no possibility to escape" (Oldenbourg, The Crusades, p.

  2. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    ___________________________________________________ 3 - Analyse the part played by (a) vigilantes and (b) Women in dealing with the problems of living in early towns in the West. (a) Vigilantes: During the early years of the westward expansion, towns in the absence of reliable law enforcement officers were often run by vigilante groups.

  1. 'How did Hegel envisage the course of history and upon what did he base ...

    of reason.'18 'What is rational has the potential of actualising itself, and thus history, far from being an undifferentiated aggregate of incomprehensible accidents and chance events, has a rational structure.'19 Hegel is best known as a metaphysical philosopher who came up with idea of the dialectic.20 Metaphysics is a theory

  2. The Panchayat system as an early form of conflict resolution in Trinidad.

    July 17th 2002. 41 Due to the size of the village and kinship ties which existed, it was not strange that information circulated quickly. 42 Interview with Mr Nazir Noor. May 18th 2002. 43Louis Dumont Essays in Individualism Modern Idealogy in Anthropological Perspective 1980 page 399 44 The Panchayat did not use force as a means of punishment but rather ethical atonement.

  1. Conflict between Europeans and Aborigines in Van Diemen's Land

    by Europeans, Windschuttle appears to have found much cause to attack the scholarship of Lyndall Ryan and Henry Reynolds. Ryan, whose work is much denigrated by Windschuttle, fires a shot back by describing his work Fabrication as propaganda.9 Windschuttle's work has been disputed in Whitewash10, an anthology edited by a

  2. Culture Wars: Forster's A Passage To India

    The British attitude of superiority makes it difficult for the two cultures to connect. Any culture that assumes it is better than another is both insulting and distancing itself from the culture viewed as lesser because the "superior" culture is refusing to accept and understand the other culture.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work