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Huangdi versus Hadrian. Who ruled their empire more effectively?

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Introduction

´╗┐Huangdi versus Hadrian Who ruled their empire more effectively? Shi Huangdi was China?s first Emperor, and Emperor Hadrian was perhaps the Roman?s greatest Emperor. They both tried to control their empires using similar methods, such as building roads, training a strong army with military tactics, erecting frontiers to keep out the invaders. By looking at their personalities, armies, transport systems, and how they controlled the frontiers, I think Hadrian is more effective in ruling his empire. Both Roman and Chinese people obeyed their emperors but for different reasons. This helped the emperors to keep control because people would listen to their commands and would not turn against them. Hadrian was a respected Emperor who loved his subjects. He ended unpopular wars; introduced humane laws and protected slaves from their masters. He travelled around his empire to be with his people, to witness problems faced by them. On the contrary, Shi Huangdi was an extremely ruthless person, and was feared by the people. He believed in Legalism, the belief in strict laws and punishments. ...read more.

Middle

Fortification of the frontiers was one of the important tasks for a ruler. Both Hadrian and Shi Huangdi tried very hard in strengthening the borders of their empires. The Romans conquered England and Wales but was unable to penetrate into Scotland because of mountainous terrain and dense forests. In AD 122, Emperor Hadrian visited Britain and ordered to build a wall - the Hadrian?s Wall - to separate Romans from Picts and Scots. This also helped to minimize the threat to the Roman domain. Similarly, Shi Huangdi joined and strengthened the wall built by feudal lords, with the help of 7,000 people. The famous Great Wall of China was 5,000 km long and approximately 39 feet high, and was built to keep out the Huns and other tribes in Mongolia. Bonfires were used to alert soldiers of other parts of the wall if one part was suddenly attacked. Watchtowers were also constructed to watch the movements of people in and out of the wall. In my opinion, the Great wall was a lot more useful in controlling the empire?s border because it was higher and longer. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition, Shi Huangdi also built canals to link the major rivers together, allowing people to transport goods more efficiently. Both Emperors were talented and undertook a lot of reforms to help them in keeping control of their empires. For example, Hadrian introduced administrative, financial, and legal reforms, which helped established a more efficient government. As for Shi Huangdi, he abolished feudalism, and established a centralized government. He also introduced a uniform code of law, standardized currency, weights and measures, the written language and the axle length of wagons and chariots. To conclude, both Hadrian and Shi Huangdi controlled their empires well. However, in my opinion, Emperor Hadrian was a better ruler. For example, he ended the expansionist policy of Trajan, and consolidated his empire. Hadrian also travelled all over his empire and listened to what people wanted. He was respected by his people even after his death. In contrast, although people obeyed Shi Huangdi, he was not respected because he used harsh punishments to threaten his people. If someone did something wrong, he forced them to drink poison, or ordered them to be torn apart by four horses. Shi Huangdi used fear to hold on to his power. ...read more.

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