• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

I.R.A. Sources Questions

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

HISTORY COURSEWORK TOMMY BATES MODERN WORLD STUDY: IRELAND Q2. How has the Provisional Irish Republican Army attempted to reunite Eire and Northern Ireland since 1972 The name "Irish Republican Army" really gives away the aim of the movement. They have always wanted a unified Ireland free of British rule. In other words the whole of Ireland to be returned to the Irish people as a republic. They didn't suddenly appear in 1972. In 1919 they had fought a violent war against Britain and have campaigned ever since to achieve their aims. They became more well known in the 60's and 70's because of the Troubles in Ireland. In 1971 the Northern Ireland Prime Minister introduced a policy known as internment. This meant that anyone suspected of being involved in terrorism could be imprisoned without trial. However it annoyed the IRA because the only ones arrested were Republicans. They were further annoyed when a march to protest against internment was broken up by soldiers firing at the marchers. Thirteen people were killed on what was Bloody Sunday. In the same year, Direct Rule was introduced which meant that Northern Ireland was ruled from London. In response to these actions the IRA adopted a strategy of violence against all those who stood in the way of their aims and a campaign of propaganda to win support and sympathy . ...read more.

Middle

As many people in Northern Ireland wanted peace they welcomed the Agreement but both Republicans and Loyalists rejected it. It was successful though in giving the SDLP a boost and as a result the number of people supporting Sinn Fein dropped significantly. It did not stop the campaign of violence though. The bombing in Enniskillen which killed 60 people in 1987, an IRA landmine that killed 8 soldiers in 1988 and the Shankill bombing showed that the IRA were still trying to achieve their aims by using violence. The first sign of change in policy came in 1993 with the Downing Street Declaration. Gerry Adams realised that Britain had no real wish to control Northern Ireland and he also knew that the power of his party was slipping. The Declaration between John Major and Albert Reynolds offered Sinn Fein the chance to join peace negotiations if they rejected violence. After much thought the IRA declared a ceasefire (1994) but would not give up its arms as it was still suspicious of the British Government. Gerry Adams was also given a visa to visit the USA and he was beginning to be seen as a peacemaker. Whilst progress was being made it was only slow. ...read more.

Conclusion

Evaluation. The main aim of the IRA had always been to unite Ireland. In the 70's and 80's they felt that with terrorist actions they would get their way but this only made the British Government and the Loyalists more determined to stop them. With the rise of Sinn Fein and Gerry Adams the tactics slowly started to change. They realised that non violent action could be effective and eventually they realised that Britain was not going to pull out. They realised they would probably never achieve their main aim but with political power and negotiation they could make their position stronger. The quote below by a former IRA activist Gabriel Megahy in 1998 says it all: He said: " I'm prepared as a Republican to settle. My hopes are for the unification of this country, but I have to accept that this is not going to happen. The Brits are not going to sail away in the sunlight. The people of Ireland had also had enough of all the fighting and so the only way to go forward was by negotiation. The end. Since this was written the IRA have finally decided to decommission their weapons and started to do so this week. Whether this had anything to do with above, or whether it is as response to the World Trade Centre bombing we do not really know. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The Real IRA

    The disconnect between Catholics and Protestants was fueled by Henry's daughter Elizabeth I, who took the most "prosperous agrarian section" of Ireland and disbursed it among her English and Scottish Protestant subjects, forcing native Irish to leave their own land.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    The fact that they've gone into a parliament symbolically - because they haven't gone in in person - the fact that they've gone in there, which is led by Labor government, who chose no favors to any Ulster Unionists or any Irish nationalist ...

  1. Northern Ireland q.2

    Using Gerrymander, the Speaker managed to doctor the outcome, resulting in the Protestants having 12 boundary commissioners and the Catholics only having 4. This would have angered the Catholics and would go a long way to explaining the troubles in 1969.

  2. Northern Ireland - source related questions and answers

    the proportion of them varied from time to time, but they never dominated it." When he refers to Republicans he is referring to supporters of a political party rather than the IRA. Source I is from a report about NICRA produced for the British Government in the 1970's.

  1. Ireland - Modern World Study

    But there was trouble in the march in Derry on the 5th October that year. 'The Troubles Had Started.' Poor housing, unemployment, demand, for the vote and Civil Rights in general were the issues which caused problems in 1968.

  2. The Anglo-Irish agreement, 1985, this was agreed between Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish ...

    principles articulated by the two Governments over the past 20 years, together with adaptation of other widely accepted principles, provides the starting point of a peace process designed to culminate in a political settlement. The Taoiseach and the Prime Minister are convinced of the inestimable value to both their peoples,

  1. Northern Irelandsince c.1960 - questions and answers

    The Catholics were discriminated mainly due to them being out numbered, as Roman Catholics formed 35 to 40 per cent of the population in Northern Ireland plus only 14.5 per cent of all officers in Northern Ireland's police force, the Royal Ulster Constabulary were Roman Catholics and the fact less of them owned businesses to provide each other with work.

  2. Northern Ireland Course work Sources Questions

    England 100 year war with France caused much hatred between the two nations, however to day we are allies. We do know that Catholic Irish people were never happy with British rule but that does not mean they hated Protestants, they simply wanted Independence.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work