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I shall now look at the key groups of the German army and the Sturm Abteilung (SA) and examine to what extent they intervened.

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Introduction

Since the end of the Second World War, Historians such as Layton and Namier have debated the scale of opposition to the Nazi regime and Hitler's consolidation of power. And which specific groups could have successfully opposed and how much resistance they actually exerted in this period against the extremist right wing party. Therefore I shall now look at the key groups of the German army and the Sturm Abteilung (SA) and examine to what extent they intervened. In March 1933,Hitler although now chancellor was not yet completely secure in his position and Hindenburg and Papen were still adamant they could restrain Hitler if it was so required, yet in two short months Hitler went from chancellor of the Weimar republic to dictator of the third Reich, using a process of legality now referred to by Historians as the "legal revolution" after only days of being chancellor, Hitler called for election in hope of increasing the Nazi majority within the Reichstag at this point they only had 37.3 per cent of the vote they had gained in July 1932,only a third of the seats available. Hitler's main political objective was to eliminate the Reichstag as a democratic parliamentary institution and to establish a one-party dictatorship in Germany. It was vital that he was seen to proceed 'legally', since his failed attempt to seize power by force in Munich in 1923, by changing the Weimar Constitution to give him an enabling law. ...read more.

Middle

Hence why support grew for the party and in the in the election on 5th March, 1933. The NSDAP (Nazi party) received 43.9% of the vote and only 288 seats out of the available 647 still failing to win an overall victory, but they had still increased their influence within the Reichstag and gained yet more interest and support, particularly from the German army and its leaders, although there were some who still opposed the party, If compared with models of resistance it such as Kershaw's concentric circles you could claim the army's opposition was merely dissent, but what truly is resistance? These models although useful in the task of categorising resistance are totally devoid of detail and consideration. Disbelief in someone's ideology and failure to comply I personally would consider resistance, not just such actions as protest and attempts of sabotage if we look at only active opposition then, yes, there was little resistance Yet these individuals lack of belief in the entire ideology meant Hitler's strangle hold on the group was loosened and therefore he needed to be cautious of not being too radical. This intimidation in itself was at the time enough to be sufficient. The Nazi's now had favour of one of the most powerful groups within the republic. But what did they do to oppose Hitler? The German army could potentially be the most damaging to the Nazi party and the regime. ...read more.

Conclusion

Two such victims were General Schleicher and his assistant General Ferdinand von Bredow. The murders themselves were actually carried out by the SS, although the weapons and transport were provided by the army. Although their was no real resistance. The army had finally aligned itself with the regime. On the second of August, after a long period of illness, President Hindenburg passed away and now furher Hitler demanded all officers to take a personal oath of loyalty to him, this was an important point in the history of the Nazi party, due to the army officials loyalty and honour, this oath meant that any rebellion that would lead to opposition to him was strongly unlikely. Hitler then set about expanding the army. Yet he was restricted initially by the treaty of Versailles which had limited the armed forces Germany was allowed to posses as well as enforcing war reperations.Yet the Lausanne Conference of 1932, had diminished the financial provisions of the Treaty of Versailles. So Hitler was determined to overturn the remaining military and territorial provisions of the treaty. Hitler introduced military conscription on the 16th of march 1935 although this totally violated the treaty and simultaneously announced the expansion of the army to more than 500,000 men. I conclude that although active resistance was minimal there were still those who opposed the Nazi ideology and the regime,in the time period 1930-1938 but this opposition its must be noted had started within this groups disbelief in Hitler which lead to the series of assassination attempts in the 1940's. 1,497 words ...read more.

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