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I will describe the lives of three types of people: The Royal Family, The workers and The Peasants between the periods of 1896-1917 in Russia.

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Introduction

Thomas Henesey 19th September 2002 History Coursework 1. I will describe the lives of three types of people: The Royal Family, The workers and The Peasants between the periods of 1896-1917 in Russia. I will start off by describing the life and the ways in which the Royal Family lived. When Nicholas II became Tsar in 1894 he didn't know how to run Russia. He was shy and weak and his wife was very overpowering. When Nicholas II became Tsar he was Russia's autocrat and he had total power. Being the autocrat meant that he could make laws by himself and appoint his government often they would be close friends from his court circle. Being an autocracy is the opposite of what we live in, a democracy, where the autocrat made all laws without consultation with any form of parliament. Unlike, a democracy where a parliament has to take a vote on passing laws. To carry out his orders Nicholas relied on the army where the officers where mainly nobles, the secret police, the Okhrana or Protective Section, who would jail anyone for speaking out against the Tsar or plotted to over through him, the aristocrats who owned vast estates, where lived the bulk of Russia's population, the peasants. The Royal Family were weak. This is shown by how much they rely on Rasputin when he comes along. The Royal Family was very rich they owned eight different palaces and employed 15,000 servants. When the Royal Family moved from one palace to another they had up to twenty railway carriages just to carry the luggage. Nicholas and Alexandra were happily married with five children during the first few years of marriage. ...read more.

Middle

Many thought that they were having an affair and this really dragged down the reputation of the royal family down to gutter level with the peasants as it was thought a peasant like thing to have affairs. On 30th December 1916 Prince Yusupov murdered Rasputin, first he fed him poison in cakes and wine. That did not work so he shot him and finally while he was just still living he threw him into the river Neva. Rasputin was so disasterous for Russia because before he died he had already angered a lot of Russians and because he was seen as one with the Royal Family although the Royal Family hadn't done anything wrong his actions had offended many. Only three months after the death of Rasputin the whole of Russia went into disarray and the Tsar was forced to abdicate I think that Rasputin was the only things that was keeping him in power in the first place and after he died there was no one that he could trust to help him. 3. In August 1914 war broke out in Europe. Russia and her allies Britain and France faced Germany and Austria-Hungary. All over Russia most people were in favour of the war 'For Faith, Tsar and Country'. Love of Russia matched their fear and hatred of the Germans. The whole of Russia was on fire with war but on the other hand they were very nervous. They were wondering what would happen to them if the Germans did take over. A few Russians feared that the war might signify the end of the Tsar's rule over Russia. One of these few was Rasputin who sent the Tsar a telegram in 1914 that said that if war broke out he would fall from power. ...read more.

Conclusion

He had very little support from the Tsar. By March 1917 the Tsar had lost all of the support of the Russian people who had backed him and the war in 1914. Rodzianko told the Tsar that he had pleaded with him not to take overall charge of the war and now that he had all the blame was falling on to him. The Tsar was in danger, for it seemed he might force his subjects to choose between you and the good of the country. In March a food riot began in St Petersburg. This led quickly to the fall of the Tsar. The Tsar did not want to abdicate he wanted to return to the capital and take control but the rail was blocked and at last he accepted that he had little choice but to abdicate. I believe that the most important reason for the downfall of the Tsar was that he went to take control of the army and therefore put himself in the fire if it all went wrong. I think that leaving Alexandra and Rasputin in charge meant that he lost the respect and love of the people. He really didn't know what he was doing as commander and should have left it to the professionals. He also rejected the advice of Rasputin and of the Duma not to go and they predicted what would happen and he was aware of this as they told in letters from Rasputin and The Duma but he still refused to take any notice of them and just went of on his own. This was the key reason why Nicholas II was forced to abdicate and ended the 300-year-old Tsarist dynasty of the Romanovs. Thomas Henesey ...read more.

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