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Identify the different groups who voted Nazi during the years 1930-33. Why did these different groups vote for Hitler?

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Introduction

Identify the different groups who voted Nazi during the years 1930-33. Why did these different groups vote for Hitler? Between the years 1930 - 1933, the National Socialist German Worker's Party (or the Nazi's, for short) became the largest single party in Germany. Previous to 1930, in 1928, they were political no-hopers, with only 2.8 per cent of the vote, who seemingly had no chance in so much as denting Germany's politics let alone affecting on the Weimar Constitution and democracy as they did in 1933. By July 1932, however, the Nazi's gained a massive 37.3 per cent of the vote, a 13-fold increase in only four years. This remarkable increase is now understood to have taken place for various reasons, ultimately, however, it is understood the Nazi's gained the vast bulk of electors from deserters of other parties. One group that showed some difference in political stance in regards to the Nazi party is that of the male and female contingent. The gender factor is more noticeable, however, with the female voters. The Nazis, at least in the early 1930s, were far more attractive to women voters than the German Left (the KPD in particular). ...read more.

Middle

Also, many of the youths were found unemployed but had not been fully integrated into the Communist sub-culture. The Nazi party effectively appeared to be the radical movement that were offering them the best chance of 'destroying the existing order'. Having said this, the Nazis were also very successful in gaining votes from the other side of the age spectrum. Pensioners and the elderly, particularly women, were the largest faction of previous non-voters in the early 1930s. The Nazis greatly appealed to them, especially those whose pensions had greatly decreased in value. One of the Nazi party's points in the original 25-point plan was to ensure provision for old age, hence they appealed greatly to the geriatric contingent of the Weimar Republic. Nonetheless, one of the factors in Nazi support that affected other factors such as gender and age was that of denomination. The Nazis won a higher share of the vote in Protestant areas rather than Catholic. In July 1932 the Nazi share of the vote was twice as high in Protestant areas as in Catholic. This inability to gain the Catholic vote was shown when the Catholic Centre party regularly gained 11-12 per cent of the vote and did not lose support to the Nazis. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is effectively apparent that the Nazis were a perfectly suitable party for the Mittelstand to vote. The 'new' Mittelstand, however, (the white-collar workers) were much more likely to vote for the SPD than the Nazis but significant numbers of the upper middle classes and manual workers did vote for the Nazi movement. Although somewhat contradicting what the Mittelstand saw in the Nazi party, the workers saw the Nazi movement as a revolutionary party intent on ending all prejudices and particularly the elitism of the upper classes. Also many workers voted for the Nazis as they worked in heavily industrialised but small-scale industrial units with less influence from trade unions. In conclusion different groups deserted other parties in favour of the Nazis for different reasons. The main factor that contributed to this however was that of social class. The Nazis were seen as either reactionary (which favoured the Mittelstand and upper-classes) or revolutionary (favouring the workers). Although contradicting each other, the party ultimately gained some support from all corners of German society, effectively a Volkspartei - which, although did not secure a majority in the Reichstag and immediately instate Hitler into power, contributed heavily to the events that followed in 1933. Simon Brown L6LJ History - Hitler's Germany Page 1 ...read more.

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