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In 1923, the scene was set for the emergence of fascism yet it took another decade for fascism to take its full grip of the nation.

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Introduction

In 1923, the scene was set for the emergence of fascism yet it took another decade for fascism to take its full grip of the nation. In 1918 to 1924 Germany was facing changes. They had just surrendered and lost a war. After the war Germany suffered a great depression. The depression led to high unemployment and inflation, and as Germany had no history of democracy, the problems got worse. Instead of democracy, Germany had a Kaiser, who was born into the role. Germany was a strong industrial nation with an empire, and the depression suffered Germany greatly. Germans felt they had been stabbed in the back as the Government were the ones who surrendered the country. The Germans were very angry. The Treaty of Versailles damaged Germany even more. The treaty limited Germanys army to 100,000, gave land back to countries surrounding Germany. The treaty also de-militarised Germany in the Rhineland as France feared an attack from Germany. ...read more.

Middle

In the early 1930's the socialists left the Reichstag which gave Fascism yet another chance to kick off. Article 48 meant that Germans were more willing to accept Hitler's rule. By 1920, right wing were trying to take over Germany. The communist 'Spartacists' were the hot favourite of taking over. They wanted the Second Reich to be back in power, and despised the thought of the government replacing the Second Reich. This also gave the chance for fascism to advance as they could have overtaken Spartacists and caused the emergence of fascism. Also many revolutions were taking place as Germans felt a drastic change was needed as people were living in squalor, and a change would change this. In 1919, there was a revolution occurring in Munich. This was attempted by extreme left wing and extreme right wing groups; however the freikorps soon put an end to it with the insertion of the government. ...read more.

Conclusion

Berlin became the place to be and became known as the pleasure capital of Europe. Clubs and Caf´┐Ż's became a necessity in Berlin life. Berlin had little censorship which attracted many people like artists and gay people. People could do whatever they wanted. Unemployment was also at a low, which meant more people in work receiving wages. All of this thus isn't the ideal time for fascism to advance as people have gained for what they lost and want to enjoy it whilst it lasts. Fascism was representing a change which people didn't need during the Golden Era as they were greatly benefiting, Fascism was the last thing wanted by Germany. However, from 1929-1933 a worldwide depression hit, this was due to the Wall Street Crash. Countries dramatically suffered with their economy. This led to many Germans losing faith in democracy as it cost the, their jobs and this thus led to people turning to extremist parties. Fascism was promising to create jobs which would solve the unemployment crisis, which is what Germany was wanting after all. Another dilemma which surfaced was Stresmann's death. ...read more.

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