• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In 1933 Franklin Delano Roosevelt set about sorting out America's problems with his theory 'The New Deal'.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Sources In 1933 Franklin Delano Roosevelt set about sorting out America's problems with his theory 'The New Deal'. Firstly he decided on a period of 'Relief' where he went to sort out the problems of the Wall Street crash. This period lasted from 1933-1935. The next period was the period of 'Reform' where he set about making it impossible for something like the Wall Street crash happening again. This period lasted from 1935-1939.His new deal had several aims: Getting Americans back to work, Protecting their savings and property, Providing relief for the sick, old and unemployed, Getting American industry and agriculture back on their feet, Restore confidence and faith, Recognise the use of natural resources, Distribute people across the country and finally Provide a better use of the land. To combat these aims he came up with laws, which are now called the alphabet laws. To combat the first aim, Getting Americans back to work, he came up with 3 laws. These were the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps), the PWA (Public Works Administration), WPA (Works Progress Administration) ...read more.

Middle

The export of Gold was banned to limit inflation. These measures helped restore faith in the Dollar. The EA only cut the salaries of civil servants by 15%. The RA helped poor farmers by purchasing equipment for them and resettled some of the poorest ones on land bought by the RA. Grants were given to farmers for soil conservation schemes. To combat the third aim, Providing relief for the sick, old and unemployed, he passed two laws. These were the FERA (Federal Emergency Relief Administration) and the SSA (Social Security Act). The FERA was passed during the period of Relief and The SSA was passed during the period of reform. The FERA was organised by Harry Hopkins. FERA introduced supplementary benefit for the unemployed. For every three dollars spent by a state, one federal dollar was given to help the unemployed. Francis Perkins, The minister of labour and also the first woman in the cabinet, introduced the SSA in 1935. The act said: Federal Unemployment Benefit would be given for the first time (FERA only gave supplementary benefit), Some workers were to gain retirement pensions in 1940, aid was given to the blind, the crippled and the pregnant. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was probably the most successful of all the New Deal schemes. The River Tennessee is 652 miles long and passes through seven states, and was liable to flood in spring and dry up in the summer. To stop this, existing dams were improved and 20 new ones built. To combat both the seventh and eighth aims, Distribute people across the country and Provide a better use of the land, FDR introduce only one law, which was the AAA. The AAA's aim was to combat over-production in agriculture. The AAA said that 'Farmers should not be evicted for rent failure'. FDR set up the Farm Credit Administration to help farmers pay their mortgages. The AAA also said that farmers should change from growing wheat and cotton to producing other basic foodstuffs. Most of these were passed during the period of relief and not the period of reform. I think this shows that the main features of the New Deal were the ones, which combated his aims or the New Deals aims. This means that the main features of the New Deal were mainly created during the period of relief and I believe that the amount of laws he brought in were adequate to combat The New Deals aims. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Explain the main features of the New Deal

    Roosevelt knew that the Southern white congressmen that he relied on would not support civil rights or anti-lynching laws. However they did benefit from the CCC programme and new housing built after slum- clearance projects. Also women were not employed to any great degree in the manual labour programmes.

  2. The New Deal was set up by Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democrat.

    b) The New Deal was implemented to combat the problems that America felt after the Depression, but this was not the only cause for Roosevelt introducing the New Deal. Although the main was the Wall Street crash and its aftermath, there were problems due to Prohibition and the state of the agriculture at that time.

  1. I think Franklin Delano Roosevelt's 'New Deal' was responsible for this. The New Deal ...

    This affected their judgement and who they were to vote for. I believe that it was FDR's hard going that made him responsible for his election victory in 1932. In this question I am going to see if life got better for all Americans in the 1930s and how far Franklin Delano Roosevelt was responsible for this.

  2. Explain The Main Features of the New Deal

    The needy and poor were also supported by the alphabet groups. Many agencies were created to lift the deprived to a positive state of mind. The Federal Emergency Relief System (FERA) was given a budget of $500million to help get American citizens above the breadline.

  1. Why Did Franklin D. Roosevelt introduce The New Deal?

    Something that Herbert Hoover didn't believe in, trying. The economic consequences of the Wall Street Crash were evident enough to create the Great Depression. The over production in industry meant surplus. The customers have what they want and try to keep what little money they have. Wages were cut, n average, by sixty percent.

  2. GCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Was the New Deal a Success?

    Question 5 - Study sources H and I. Which source is the more useful as evidence about public opinion towards the New Deal? Explain your answer. (6) Sources H and I are both representations of what the democrat supporting public's views at the time were.

  1. New Deal Essay

    Their wage was a dollar a day. Although the diverse jobs were not suited for many, but at least now people were earning their money and helping the nation, instead of just watching the days pass by. Although to an extent, some of the ideas that were proposed to improve the nation were indeed excellent.

  2. How successful was the new deal? Explain why Roosevelt Introduced the New Deal?

    In 1931 238 people were admitted to hospital in New York suffering from malnutrition or starvation. 45 of those people died. Americans began to lose confidence in their government. Democracy did not seem to be able to cope with the problems of depression.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work