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In 1937 Chamberlain's government became associated with appeasement. This policy of appeasement was to ensure that Britain, and its allies, peace so that it avoided the horrors of World War 2.

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Introduction

APPEASEMENT In 1937 Chamberlain's government became associated with appeasement. This policy of appeasement was to ensure that Britain, and its allies, peace so that it avoided the horrors of World War 2. To avoid another war Chamberlains was prepared to make a number of concessions to many countries including Japan (allowed them to invade Manchuria without the intervention of the League of Nations) and Italy (Britain gave them Abyssinia, as they thought that Mussolini could control Hitler). Also 1935 saw the creation of the Anglo-German naval treaty, where the Germans were now allowed to have a navy. In 1936 Chamberlain allowed the Rhineland to be re-occupied, and soon in 1938 Germany occupied Austria and the Sudetenland. ...read more.

Middle

As a result the British tackled this problem by revising the Treaty of Versailles. They allowed Germany to have the Rhineland and Sudetenland, and the restrictions of Germany rearming were discarded. This was a vain attempt to let Germany fight Communism. Also Hitler was encouraged to expand east wards into the USSR (The British wanted to protect themselves and their empire at all costs- especially India) It would seem that if Britain had such a large empire, it should call on its dominions for help. However none of these countries were prepared to help us fight a war, unless Britain were in real danger. We also did not have many allies willing to help us. ...read more.

Conclusion

On 29th September 1938, Hitler, Chamberlain, and Mussolini signed the Munich Agreement, which transferred the Sudetenland to Germany, a fortified frontier region that contained a large German-speaking population. When, Czechoslovakia appealed to Britain, Chamberlain told him that Britain would be unwilling to go to war over the Sudetenland. During the summer the pro-Nazi elements among the Czech Germans demanded to secede from Czechoslovakia, a move that the Czechs could not resist. The result- -a clear example of the workings of appeasement time In March 1939, the German Army seized the rest of Czechoslovakia. In taking this action Hitler, had broken the Munich Agreement. The British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, now realised that Hitler could not be trusted and his appeasement policy now came to an end. ...read more.

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