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In conclusion, black Americans remain loyal to the Democrat party as they are being seen as the party that has the aim of increasing civil rights for the black communities. They have done more for the black population than the Republicans have.

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Introduction

Minorities have always supported the Democrat party by a disproportionate amount. Out of these people, black voters have been confirmed as the party's most faithful political followers. Republican candidates since 1960 have failed to gain any higher than 16% of the black vote, this compares with the Democrats gaining over 80% in the same period. This shows that there is a lot of support for the Democrats from the black voters, but there is still a percentage that votes Republican. The growing number of middle-class black people has resulted in an increased number of black votes for the Republicans. Traditionally middle-class people have voted Republican as they are in favour of tax cuts which benefit them more. There is also the moral issue platform that the Republicans are in favour of. Issues such as abortion, gay marriage and stem cell research are important to African-Americans as a majority are church-going. With the recent surge in African Americans being appointed to the cabinet by the Republicans, the Republicans are trying to encourage black voters to vote for them. Colin Powell became the first black Secretary of State in 2001, (previously he was the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under George Bush Senior). ...read more.

Middle

His strategy meant focusing on the white population, in particular the white southerners. His was opposed to 'forced integration' this made him seem a supporter of segregation. That year, only 6% of black voters voted Republican. The winner of the 1964 election, Lyndon Johnson was responsible for the passage of important civil rights legislation. This legislation 'outlawed segregation in every facility designed to serve the general public' (Thernstrom and Thernstrom 1997). A special joint session of congress resulted in the 1965 Voting Rights Act which finally gave black people the right to vote. Lyndon Johnson and the Democrats were also responsible for the appointment of the first black Supreme Court judge, Judge Thurgood Marshall, in 1968. Jesse Jackson was the first black man to run for the presidency, as a Democrat, in 1984. He received 3.5 million votes, enough to secure a measure of power and respect at the Democratic convention. His 1988 campaign for the Democratic nomination was characterized by more organization and funding than his previous attempt. With the experience he gained from 1984 and new resources, Jackson and his Rainbow Coalition attracted over 6.9 million votes--from urban blacks and Hispanics, poor rural whites, farmers and factory workers, feminists and homosexuals, and from white progressives wanting to be part of a historic change. ...read more.

Conclusion

This alongside the economic boom benefited black Americans and so helped Clinton gain the black vote. The federal government has also played a part in the loyalty to the Democrats. Its role in the quest to put an end to segregation in the 1960s lead to its association with social justice. The government is also a major employer of African-Americans. Roughly a quarter of black people work for the government. Federal programmes have resulted in the growth of jobs within government; which benefits the ethnic minorities. In addition to this, African Americans tend to live in urban areas and are therefore reliant on public services. As democrats are in favour of minimum wage, affirmative action and public services (i.e.welfare), they tend to appeal to black people living in these areas. In conclusion, black Americans remain loyal to the Democrat party as they are being seen as the party that has the aim of increasing civil rights for the black communities. They have done more for the black population than the Republicans have. This coupled with the fact that the Republican party is constantly being viewed as a part for the white population, has lead to this high amount of support. The pen is withdrawn, the pages are dry, it's written ...read more.

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