• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In relation to the experience of the Germans in the inter-war period, why might some people in Britain have been sympathetic to the view that the Treaty of Versailles had been too harsh on Germany and that Hitler was a good nationalist leader?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In relation to the experience of the Germans in the inter-war period, why might some people in Britain have been sympathetic to the view that the Treaty of Versailles had been too harsh on Germany and that Hitler was a good nationalist leader? On 28th June 1918, German representatives from the newly formed Weimar Republic signed the Treaty of Versailles, thus acknowledging their defeat in the First World War and simultaneously accepting the war guilt clause, Article 231, which attributed the blame for the war to Germany. This clause became the justification for many of the terms imposed upon Germany. In the immediate post-war period the vast majority of the British population upheld the Orthodox viewpoint on the issue of German war guilt. They felt Germany was to blame for the war. Famous slogans from the period such as, 'squeeze the German orange until the pips squeak' summed up the British position on the type of punitive treaty that Germany's behaviour had warranted. There was however some sympathy for Germany amongst high-ranking British diplomats and politicians such as Harold Nicolson who believed the treaty to be neither 'wise nor just'. ...read more.

Middle

From this it can be assumed that as a result of the 1923 crisis, more British statesmen became more sympathetic to Keynes' theory that the amount of reparations put intolerable pressure on the German economy and less sympathetic to the French idea that Germany needed to be kept weak. In October 1929, the Wall Street Crash caused a wave of depression to spread across Europe. Germany's weak economy was made weaker by the large amount of loaned money withdrawn by the U.S., leaving Germany facing economic peril. The chancellor at that time was Bruning, whose policies, such as cutting unemployment insurance by 60%, increasing taxes and decreasing expenditure in order to balance the country's budget, have been criticised by historians such as _____. The number of people out of work rose to an estimated 9m during Bruning's chancellorship. The only sector that Bruning had thought to support was agriculture, a tariff was implemented to prevent against cheaply foreign goods, and so food prices remained high whilst money scarce. Dropping birth rates and increasing suicide added to the impact of the depression. Witnessing the effects of the depression in Germany provoked a sympathetic reaction in Britain, particularly amongst the British middle classes who weren't as affected by the depression as the German middle classes. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Dawes plan paved the way for U.S. loans which with withdrawn in 1929 after the Wall Street Crash thus causing Germany to plunge into depression. The effects of the depression were worsened by Bruning's unsuccessful policies. Out of the depression emerged Hitler who brought stability and prosperity by implementing new policies and by ignoring the Terms of The Treaty of Versailles. Hitler's success, in contrast to the severe hardship common to Germans in the inter-war years, provoked a sympathetic reaction in the Britain thus bringing the British round to the idea that the Treaty of Versailles had been too harsh and that Hitler had been a good Nationalist leader. From this summary it is possible to see how all the events in Germany which increased sympathetic feeling in Britain, originated from the Treaty of Versailles. In this way, I will conclude by saying that the Treaty of Versailles itself was the most important factor in creating British sympathy towards the view that the Treaty was unfair and that Hitler was a good Nationalist leader. T.A. Morris - The twenty years truce - The Third Reich J.M. Keynes - The economic consequences of peace Alan White - The Weimar Republic powerPaul Salmon - The closing years of the Weimar Republic ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Treaty Of versailles

    5 star(s)

    This further angered the German nation and made the treaty unfair. This was a major concern of all powers especially France. Conscription was banned which meant that all recruits had to be on a voluntary basis. Furthermore Germany was allowed to build armoured vehicles, submarines or aircraft.

  2. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    Putsches were unlikely to succeed." KD Bracher "The 9th November had taught him the great lesson that the powers that be could not be overthrown, only undermined. The result was the adoption of that 'policy of legality' which marked the second phase of the 'fighting years'."

  1. Explain how the Treaty of Versailles created many problems for Germany in the period ...

    This was a political problem. I think the German people did not trust Kapp and they did not want another dilemma on top of the problems they were already faced with. Many German people may have wanted their country to start re-building with the government they had now even though they had hatred for the government.

  2. To What Extent was British Appeasement to Germany in the Interwar Period Justified?

    She didn't react when Hitler united Germany and Austria, creating the Anschluss (March 1938), which violated the Versailles Treaty. Sudetenland was signed away at the Munich Conference (September 1938); a defining example of appeasement. This particular topic has two opposing viewpoints.

  1. How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler’s rise to power?

    They were the smallest party. After the 1929 depression Nazi seat rose dramatically, in 1930 they won 107 seats and 1932 nearly 200. They were the biggest single party. At this time the communists rose to power. Although this was a hindrance it was a decent help in the end.

  2. A Period of Relative Stability - The Dawes Plan and the Creation of Economic ...

    the continuance of the reparations payments was seen as an admission of war guilt by many Germans. Political and Social Conflicts During the Golden Years The Golden Age of Weimar or a Loaded Pause? Between 1924 and 1928 the political scene in Weimar Germany did not stabilise to any great

  1. Germany, 1918-1945 - Treaty of Versailles.

    The public felt humiliated and vulnerable to the defeat of World War One and then the Treaty of Versailles. The public of Germany obviously was very angry and wanted something done about it.

  2. adolf hitler

    His long connexion with Eva Braun never produced the moon-calf interludes he had enjoyed with Geli and which might in due course, perhaps, have made a normal man out of him. With her death the way was clear for his final development into a demon, with his sex life deteriorating

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work