• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what way and for what reasons did the Treaty of Versailles cause political problems in the 1920s in Europe for both the victorious and defeated nations?

Extracts from this document...


In what way and for what reasons did the Treaty of Versailles cause political problems in the 1920s in Europe for both the victorious and defeated nations? (May 2001) Many people have blamed the Treaty of Versailles for the problems Europe experienced throughout the 1920s and 1930s. Certainly both the victorious and defeated nations suffered though political and economic crisis between wars. In defeated nations the issue of self-determination caused individual governments many problems. While in victorious nations extremist parties fought for support and control. This is a time when the political face of Europe fundament immense change. While the Treaty was criticised by all nations, how is it said that its outcome was political chaos? Country such as Austria-Hungary was also involved in peace Settlement. As a result of the peace settlement Austria-Hungary lost their some part of the territory because they were given to other countries. For example provinces of Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia were given (converted) ...read more.


Austria-Hungary, because of divide there was a government rivalry between Christian Socialists and Social Democrats. There is a rivalry because the Christian Socialists almost take all places on government and accuse Social Democrats wanting to introduce Austria 'Austro-Marxism'. So then because of the economic and political problems in Austria there was a dictatorial rule. The reason for Treaty to divide Austria-Hungary was to punish her and to give two states a 'independence'. Other 'defeated' country was Germany, she and her allies were blamed for breaking out the WWI and the Treaty of Versailles was to make Germany pay for reparations (war damage). The Treaty made movements such as; territorial adjustment, demilitirisation and economic compensation to the 'victorious' countries. She lost her 13% of her land and also had to pay about 136,000 million gold marks till 1921. In my opinion this reparation was harsh for Germany and France & England showed themselves as creed nations. ...read more.


Also had economic problems because of WWI. After WWI France had to face economic and political problems. French political problems were party discipline remained loose. Disputes often voted independently. There was a multiplicity of parties, particularly of the right and centre. There was increasing division between between right and left. These problems were present in France but it was due to WWI, not Treaty of Versailles. However, France faced problem from the treaty when Germany wasn't paying their reparations and so as a result France marched to Ruhr. The problem which France faced because of the peace treaty was they didn't have the full amount of money from Germany as reparation. Only problem which faced was this. So at the end France didn't have so many problems as result of the treaty but she had her problems long before the treaty. By the 1938, 16 European countries had become dictatorships. This is indicative of the political turmoil in post war Europe. Defeated countries particularly faced political problems. With peace settlement universal suffrage proportional representation and other trappings of democracy became uncomfortable aspects of political life in former imperial states. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    He has left an evil mark on mankind. Hitler is known and will continue to be known for the evil crimes that he committed against mankind, and against the world. Now, fifty years later, Germany has emerged as an economic giant without the needs for grand military.

  2. How successful was the League of Nations in the 1920s.

    This is just another example of how the countries in the League of Nations were always so selfish and self centred. The Health committee (later the world health organisation)

  1. The Rise of Nation States in Europe

    - They were encouraged by the success of French Revolution and Russia (but Russia didn't take any military actions). - Finally they decided to fight against Turkey. - In 1821, they started a revolution in Moldavia. - However, Russia and other countries (Austria and Prussia)

  2. Summary of the Situation of Europe in the 1900s

    The aristocracy was incompetent it was partly due to inbreeding. Russia was no different to Austria/Hungary. It also had a weak government and was corrupt. Russia was part of the triple alliance which consisted of France, Britain and itself. They were allied for security.

  1. Explain why Germany and her allies were defeated in WWI and assess their treatment ...

    As World War One was a war of attrition, the Ludendorrf Offensive accelerated, if not caused, Germany's defeat. By 1917 and 1918, morale amongst the German people was very low. They had begun to lose faith in the war. An outbreak of Spanish Influenza in Europe had hit Germany, and had created unrest amongst the population.

  2. Analyse the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Versailles Settlement.

    the activators of the November uprising had a 'shock effect'5 on the German public. Hiden goes on to illuminate that whilst a hefty amount of German territory and wealth was siezed, so too was oversea investment and property in Non-German countries confiscated.

  1. To what extent was there stability in Europe in the 1920's

    The currency was stabilized and inflation was brought under control. Large loans were raised in the United States and this investment resulted in a fall in unemployment. The Plan had helped to sort out Germany's economic chaos and had also helped to get the economies of Britain and France moving again.

  2. As demonstrated by these five historians, the theories on the primary cause of WWI ...

    As Austria and Germany did not intend for a general European war, Germany attempted to have the Russian mobilization stopped. When it became apparent that it was not to be stopped, Germany declared war on Russia. English involvement was dictated by her unwillingness to interfere with French and Russian tactics.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work