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In what way and for what reasons did the Treaty of Versailles cause political problems in the 1920s in Europe for both the victorious and defeated nations?

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Introduction

In what way and for what reasons did the Treaty of Versailles cause political problems in the 1920s in Europe for both the victorious and defeated nations? (May 2001) Many people have blamed the Treaty of Versailles for the problems Europe experienced throughout the 1920s and 1930s. Certainly both the victorious and defeated nations suffered though political and economic crisis between wars. In defeated nations the issue of self-determination caused individual governments many problems. While in victorious nations extremist parties fought for support and control. This is a time when the political face of Europe fundament immense change. While the Treaty was criticised by all nations, how is it said that its outcome was political chaos? Country such as Austria-Hungary was also involved in peace Settlement. As a result of the peace settlement Austria-Hungary lost their some part of the territory because they were given to other countries. For example provinces of Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia were given (converted) ...read more.

Middle

Austria-Hungary, because of divide there was a government rivalry between Christian Socialists and Social Democrats. There is a rivalry because the Christian Socialists almost take all places on government and accuse Social Democrats wanting to introduce Austria 'Austro-Marxism'. So then because of the economic and political problems in Austria there was a dictatorial rule. The reason for Treaty to divide Austria-Hungary was to punish her and to give two states a 'independence'. Other 'defeated' country was Germany, she and her allies were blamed for breaking out the WWI and the Treaty of Versailles was to make Germany pay for reparations (war damage). The Treaty made movements such as; territorial adjustment, demilitirisation and economic compensation to the 'victorious' countries. She lost her 13% of her land and also had to pay about 136,000 million gold marks till 1921. In my opinion this reparation was harsh for Germany and France & England showed themselves as creed nations. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also had economic problems because of WWI. After WWI France had to face economic and political problems. French political problems were party discipline remained loose. Disputes often voted independently. There was a multiplicity of parties, particularly of the right and centre. There was increasing division between between right and left. These problems were present in France but it was due to WWI, not Treaty of Versailles. However, France faced problem from the treaty when Germany wasn't paying their reparations and so as a result France marched to Ruhr. The problem which France faced because of the peace treaty was they didn't have the full amount of money from Germany as reparation. Only problem which faced was this. So at the end France didn't have so many problems as result of the treaty but she had her problems long before the treaty. By the 1938, 16 European countries had become dictatorships. This is indicative of the political turmoil in post war Europe. Defeated countries particularly faced political problems. With peace settlement universal suffrage proportional representation and other trappings of democracy became uncomfortable aspects of political life in former imperial states. ...read more.

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