• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In What Ways and for what reasons, did the relationship between the wartime allies deteriorate between 1945-49?

Extracts from this document...


In What Ways and for what reasons, did the relationship between the wartime allies deteriorate between 1945-49? At the end of World War II, the victorious United States and Soviet Union stood as the most powerful economic and military powers on the globe. The rivalry that developed between these two countries was in part the product of the wars outcome. After the stunning defeat of Nazi forces at Stalingrad in February 1943, the Soviet Union began its push into Europe, setting the stage for map revisions that followed the war. The United States realized that once Nazi Germany had fallen, the Soviet Army would be the most powerful on the European continent, and moreover try to establish a firm grip, not only in Eastern Europe but also in Greece, Turkey, and Iran. The United States, however, played a neutral role initially and Cold War rivalry could hardly be foreseen. Nevertheless, it became reality by early 1946, and it is mainly the origins of the Cold War. A split between Washington and Moscow had started with the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, when the United States refused to recognize the New Soviet republic and even contributed troops to the anticommunist coalition that tried to reverse the Reds takeover in 1919. But this initial ideological standoff, which developed into a growing economic relationship even before President Franklin D Roosevelt opened diplomatic ties with Russia in 1933, was not characterized by the intensity of the Cold War. ...read more.


Yet by early 1946, with the Soviet hold on Eastern Europe tightening and its push into the Middle East, that a more distrustful attitude arose in Washington. U.S and Britain both addressed the danger of the Soviet expansion and the Cold War heated up. In the first half of 1947 the United States publicly announced two major initiatives designed to further containment: the Truman doctrine and the Marshall Plan. The Truman doctrine and its heated rhetoric made the Cold War an ideological contest rather than merely a balance of power struggle. The Marshall Plan brought much more financial assistance to Europe in order to counter sever economic problems that made Communist solution attractive to many Europeans. Together these two programs brought a far greater American role to the world than any previously (contemplated), both in resisting Communism and in helping the economies of countries that were in danger of falling under communist influence. At the same time, hearings on Communist influence in American entertainment began, calling forth a series of witnesses and sending some artists to jail. The newly created CIA widened its work from intelligence collection to covert operations, including attempts to destabilize Soviet regimes in Eastern Europe. The United States and their allies wanted Germany to become a democracy and rule themselves. The Soviets wanted to take over Germany and make it into a communist machine to starve and punish the beaten country further. ...read more.


The second reason was they were getting bad press. The Foreign press saw it as trying to starve 2 million people. This made the Soviets look like murderers and the United States and its allies look like heroes. The Berlin Airlift showed how far the United States and their allies would go in order to defeat communism. The Berlin Airlift became a symbol of United States' fight against communism. If the United States, Great Britain, and France had just pulled out of Berlin, the Soviets would have had free rein to take over West Berlin. The United States proved that they could sustain a foreign policy against communism. This foreign policy showed the United States as a world leader. By stepping up to the plate and taking responsibility for freedom and peace, by defending the West Berliners the United States and its allies made the world a safer place. The German people wanted freedom and peace and the United States, Great Britain, and France defended that right, therefore defending and preserving democracy. The Soviets of course saw this as a further insult and quickly responded throughout the 50's The Relationship of the allies was always due to eventually crumble. The ideological bases were too different, before the war Stalin expected it to be Germany allied with Europe against them. However the relationship only fell apart when Stalin's true aspirations began to be revealed and the US without a war to fight turned its eyes to its next great foe. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Causes of the February 1917 revolution

    However, the money had to come from somewhere so the taxes were increased and most of the investment came from that, making the Russian people angrier and angrier. A trigger cause was bloody Sunday which occurred on the 22nd of January 1905.

  2. Gallic war

    never giving up. - Caesat built defencive wall. - One face inward towards the Vetingtric and one faceing outwards facing the rest of the gallic coumminty.

  1. The Batle of Stalingrad

    They also hoped to cut the Caucuses off from the rest of the country because it had an abundance of oil which Germany itself is lacking. The battle was very bloody because both sides ordered "no surrender" which meant that they had no choice but to continue fighting or else they would be seen as deserters.

  2. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    Mining towns rapidly sprung up around alleged mining sites. These towns were hastily and crudely constructed lacking even the most basic of public and health facilities. The diversity of the settlers in these towns often resulted in racial attacks motivated my job competition.

  1. The Atomic Bombings of Japan q.5

    This source is not pro American, but the author gives us detailed information about the war. The Japanese were fighting until their death and Americans faced a high death rate. This source can be used to back up Truman's view that the bomb would "save thousands of Americans" in long

  2. Was Truman right to drop the atomic bomb on Japan?

    Truman's fateful words after the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. This source proves us that Truman wanted to use this bomb in my opinion, because of the attack in Pearl Harbor and the loss of Japan's The Battle of Midway Japan still didn't want to surrender and because of

  1. In what ways were the lives of children on the home front affected by ...

    In the Phoney War children learnt the key to the procedures needed during the war.

  2. Berlin Blockade

    The next day, all land routes to West Berlin were blocked. This was often done by a country when they felt they only needed themselves to develop themselves during the Cold War. The American president's view to the situation was very pessimistic, Truman wrote in his diary in July saying, "We are very close to war".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work