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In what ways did the British Government attempt to hide the effects of the Blitz from the people of Britain?

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Introduction

In what ways did the British Government attempt to hide the effects of the Blitz from the people of Britain? The main reason that the Germans bombarded the major cities of Britain in the Blitz was to destroy the morale of the British people. During the Blitz, the German Luftwaffe hoped that by destroying the homes, cities and lives of British civilians, morale would be greatly lowered and the support for Churchill's policies against Hitler would be affected. World War Two affected the people of Britain in many ways. The threat of air raids meant streets had to be blacked out every night, food shortages made eating austere, and many people were separated from loved ones. Furthermore, people worked very long hours. There was a worry that disillusion on the Home Front could lead to defeat, and for this reason the government used censorship and propaganda to maintain morale during the war. ...read more.

Middle

Any reports that revealed the shocking circumstances of the Blitz were restricted to Government use only. A document that accepted the overwhelming effects of the Blitz including the phrases; "open signs of hysteria and terror", "utter helplessness" and "the tremendous impact...left many people speechless.". This was withheld because it would convince people that life in the Blitz was taking over British society and as an effect make people depressed about the Blitz and morale would be lowered. A photo taken of Coventry in November of 1940 revealing extensive bombing damage was not released until after the war. The Reports of a Bombing Incident at Newark are an example of the records produced by officials to document an air raid. The Newark reports contained an extensive list of deaths and casualties. This information was not released to the public, in case it lowered morale. The Germans retaliated to this by occasionally dropping leaflets from their planes into British cities in which they informed the British civilians of the real effects of the blitz and exaggerated the German progress. ...read more.

Conclusion

By 1945, over 10 million people owned a wireless (radio). This was partly because of the many comedy programmes that were now available on the radio. These mocked Hitler, Germans and the British. One of these comedy programmes was called 'It's that man again." Public officials, on instruction from the Government organised many outdoor activities and ensured there was accessible leisure to keep people entertained so they did not dwell on the effects of the blitz. Public information leaflets were issued informing the British people of how to act during the air raids. This made people feel looked after and understood which helped in the campaign against Hitler. In conclusion, the British Government made sure that the people were not aware of the worst aspects of the Blitz. The two main methods they used in enforcing this were censorship and propaganda. Every opportunity was used to endorse the morale of Britain in an attempt to make Britain stronger in the war against Germany. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tess Harris ...read more.

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