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In what ways did the Cuban missile crisis change the relations between the US and USSR in the 1960(TM)s?

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Introduction

In what ways did the Cuban missile crisis change the relations between the US and USSR in the 1960's? (10 marks) The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. After the failed 'Bay of Pigs Invasion', the USSR gained trust and support from Fidel Castro, Cuban leader, by supporting Cuba with their communist regime. Khrushchev secretly installed missiles in Cuba, and when U.S. spy planes found missile construction zones, President Kennedy imposed a blockade surrounding Cuba using their naval warships. He threatened the USSR that if any missile was launched from Cuba then the US will attack the USSR and he also demanded that the USSR remove all of their weapons from Cuba. ...read more.

Middle

Khrushchev knew the consequences of sending the ships there; a nuclear war that could destroy the whole world. He turned the ships away to avoid further conflict and to avoid hot war. On the 25th October, Kennedy took away the naval blockade/Cuban quarantine line. The next day Khrushchev sent a letter proposing to remove Soviet missiles from Cuba if the U.S. promised/guaranteed not to invade Cuba- this released some tension between the relations as they were making some fair decisions. But on October 27th an American U2 spy plane was shot down over Cuba and a second, more tough, letter from Khrushchev was received demanding the removal of U.S. ...read more.

Conclusion

Khrushchev appeared to be weak and a laughing stock amongst communist politicians as, the removing of missiles from Turkey, were not made public at the time (secret deal between Kennedy and Khrushchev.) It appeared as though Kennedy had won conflict as Khrushchev had been humiliated; the Russians were seen as retreating from circumstances that they had started. Two years later Khrushchev lost his power. This Crisis lead to the creation of the Moscow-to-Washington hot line, a telephone/communication link between Moscow and Washington D.C. Its purpose was so that the leaders of the two countries can communicate directly, efficiently and quickly in the case of another crisis. It is helpful and better to help solve such a crisis. ...read more.

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