• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways did the Cuban missile crisis change the relations between the US and USSR in the 1960(TM)s?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In what ways did the Cuban missile crisis change the relations between the US and USSR in the 1960's? (10 marks) The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. After the failed 'Bay of Pigs Invasion', the USSR gained trust and support from Fidel Castro, Cuban leader, by supporting Cuba with their communist regime. Khrushchev secretly installed missiles in Cuba, and when U.S. spy planes found missile construction zones, President Kennedy imposed a blockade surrounding Cuba using their naval warships. He threatened the USSR that if any missile was launched from Cuba then the US will attack the USSR and he also demanded that the USSR remove all of their weapons from Cuba. ...read more.

Middle

Khrushchev knew the consequences of sending the ships there; a nuclear war that could destroy the whole world. He turned the ships away to avoid further conflict and to avoid hot war. On the 25th October, Kennedy took away the naval blockade/Cuban quarantine line. The next day Khrushchev sent a letter proposing to remove Soviet missiles from Cuba if the U.S. promised/guaranteed not to invade Cuba- this released some tension between the relations as they were making some fair decisions. But on October 27th an American U2 spy plane was shot down over Cuba and a second, more tough, letter from Khrushchev was received demanding the removal of U.S. ...read more.

Conclusion

Khrushchev appeared to be weak and a laughing stock amongst communist politicians as, the removing of missiles from Turkey, were not made public at the time (secret deal between Kennedy and Khrushchev.) It appeared as though Kennedy had won conflict as Khrushchev had been humiliated; the Russians were seen as retreating from circumstances that they had started. Two years later Khrushchev lost his power. This Crisis lead to the creation of the Moscow-to-Washington hot line, a telephone/communication link between Moscow and Washington D.C. Its purpose was so that the leaders of the two countries can communicate directly, efficiently and quickly in the case of another crisis. It is helpful and better to help solve such a crisis. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Causes and Consequences

    Surgical air strike it had been ruled out because the US Air Force did not believe that it could guarantee success. Doing nothing was also dismissed as it would not go 'well' with US credibility (and there was no guarantee that the Soviets would not introduce more missiles to Cuba).

  2. How did relations between USA & USSR change in the years 1955-62?

    Finally on August 15th 1961 East German police cut Berlin in two with barbed wire, guarded by both soldiers and tanks of the Red army. At this time John Kennedy was the new president of America, all he could do was simply protest to Russia as he wasn't willing to risk nuclear war over Berlin.

  1. History Cuba Missile Crisis

    The citizens agreed that they would revolt against the communist government. They overthrew the current leader, Antonin Novotny. This left the Russian Premier, Brezhnev, in a dilemma of who to select as the new Czechoslovakian leader. It seemed the natural choice to replace Novotny was Dubcek.

  2. The USSR under Khrushchev and Brezhnev

    Farmers were also encouraged to grow maize as animal fodder to increase the amount of grain, meat and dairy produce.

  1. Q1.What were the Superpower relations like between 1945 and 1959, before the Cuban Missile ...

    Instead of violence they could show how much potential they have, also at the same time shame the other country. Little did they know their relationship slowly began to deteriorate. After the war the three nations U.S.A, England and Russia had to decide what to do with Germany.

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    It turned out to be a disaster for the U.S. - they had been humiliated and the support for Castro began to increase. Cuba and America were not on good terms. Cuba was now very vulnerable because no-one was buying their sugar and everyone was becoming unemployed. Cuba wanted safety.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Describe one decision made about nuclear weapons in the SALT in 1972 (2 marks) The superpowers agreed to reduce the numbers of ICBM?s, ABM?s and SLBM?s so as to slow down the Arms Race as well as to stop spending so much money on it.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    world - An "ideological defeat of colossal proportions for the Soviet Union and wolrd communism" (Pinater) - Erecetion of the wall ended the period of instability that was plaguigng East Germany - long phase of economic, social and political stability graced Europe - ensued the Cold War would not be

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work